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UNU-WIDER Social and Economic Policies to Prevent Complex Humanitarian Emergencies Lessons from Experience

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A teenager wears torn rubber boots in a muddy local market in Bac Ha, Viet Nam. As of 2005 figures, half the world population—more than 3 billion people–is estimated to live on less than USD 2.50 a day. Bac Ha, Viet Nam. UN Photo/Kibae Park.

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Social and Economic Policies to Prevent Complex Humanitarian Emergencies Lessons from Experience

In simple language and with numerous concrete examples, this policy brief analyses the impact - among others - of key ex-ante factors such as acute 'horizontal inequality' between social groups in the distribution of assets, state jobs, social services and so on; the failure of political institutions and the ensuing crisis of the state; the protracted worsening of economic conditions; and external shocks. The analysis summarized herein also debunks some of the common beliefs recurrent in the literature in this area, e.g. that emergencies are caused by deteriorating environmental conditions, competition for non-renewable resources, and structural adjustment. While being by themselves an important source of economic hardship, their role in triggering Complex humanitarian Emergencies is not borne out by the evidence.
Publisher:
UNU-WIDER
Series:
WIDER Policy Brief
Volume:
2
Title:
Social and Economic Policies to Prevent Complex Humanitarian Emergencies Lessons from Experience
Authors:
Jeni Klugman
Publication date:
March 1999
ISBN Printed:
9529520794
ISBN 13 Print:
9789529520794
Copyright holder:
© UNU-WIDER
Copyright year:
1999
Keywords:
inequality, groups, distribution, assets, state, jobs, social services, institutions, crisis, state, shocks, emergencies, environment, competition, resources, structural adjustment, hardship, complex humanitarian emergencies
JEL:
F5, I39
Sponsor:
UNU-WIDER gratefully acknowledges the financial contributions to the project by the Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland and the Government of Sweden (Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency - Sida), and the sponsorship of Queen Elizabeth House, Oxford University, to this research.
Format:
online
 
The original paper-copy is out of print

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