Skip to Content

UNU-WIDER Drivers of Poverty Reduction in Lagging Regions

Support functions

A teenager wears torn rubber boots in a muddy local market in Bac Ha, Viet Nam. As of 2005 figures, half the world population—more than 3 billion people–is estimated to live on less than USD 2.50 a day. Bac Ha, Viet Nam. UN Photo/Kibae Park.

Table of contents

WP/35 Drivers of Poverty Reduction in Lagging Regions: Evidence from Rural Western China

Using 2000-04 panel data this study analyses the pathways rural households followed out of poverty in two lagging provinces of China, Inner Mongolia and Gansu. Rising labour productivity in agriculture has been key, and still holds much promise. Labour mobility has also been important in Gansu. So far, rural diversification has not proven to contribute much to poverty reduction. Income transfers and agricultural tax abolishment have helped at the margin. Overall, the findings highlight that the scope for reducing poverty in lagging rural regions is often substantial in agriculture, also in countries where non-agriculture drives overall growth.
Publisher:
UNU-WIDER
Series:
WIDER Working Paper
Volume:
2010/35
Title:
WP/35 Drivers of Poverty Reduction in Lagging Regions: Evidence from Rural Western China
Authors:
Luc Christiaensen, Lei Pan, and Sangui Wang
Publication date:
April 2010
ISBN 13 Web:
978-92-9230-272-6
Copyright holder:
© UNU-WIDER
Copyright year:
2010
Keywords:
agriculture, migration, rural nonfarm employment, lagging region, poverty
JEL:
I32, J61, O12, O13, R23
Project:
New Directions in Development Economics (2008)
Sponsor:
UNU-WIDER acknowledges the financial contributions to the research programme by the governments of Denmark (Royal Ministry of Foreign Affairs), Finland (Ministry for Foreign Affairs), Sweden (Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency—Sida) and the United Kingdom (Department for International Development).
Format:
online and printed copies

^ Back to top