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WP/56 The Political Participation of Africa’s Youth

The youth have long represented an important constituency for electoral mobilization in Africa. Today, as the region faces a growing ‘youth bulge’ that is disproportionately burdened by un- and underemployment, capturing the votes of this demographic is becoming more important than ever before. Yet, despite their numerical importance and the historical relevance of generational identities within the region, very little is really known about the political participation of Africa’s youth. In order to address this issue, we combine country-level variables for 19 of Africa’s most democratic countries with individual-level public opinion data from Afrobarometer survey data. A series of binomial and multinomial logit models are estimated on three key outcome variables: voter turnout in last elections, closeness to political party; and participation in protests. In comparison with older citizens, we find that Africa’s youth tend to vote less and express a lower level of partisanship, which is consistent with findings for the youth in other regions of the world. However, Africa’s youth are not more likely to protest than older citizens. Collectively, these findings cast doubt that the youth are more likely to turn to the street when they are disgruntled but question the legitimacy of the electoral process as a meaningful conduit for conveying the preferences of Africa’s youth.
Publisher:
UNU-WIDER
Series:
WIDER Working Paper
Volume:
2011/56
Title:
WP/56 The Political Participation of Africa’s Youth
Authors:
Danielle Resnick and Daniela Casale
Publication date:
September 2011
ISBN 13 Print:
978-92-9230-423-2
Copyright holder:
© UNU-WIDER
Copyright year:
2011
Keywords:
Africa, democracy, elections, protests, voting, youth
JEL:
D72, J13, N47
Project:
New Directions in Development Economics
Sponsor:
UNU-WIDER acknowledges the financial contributions to the research programme by the governments of Denmark (Ministry of Foreign Affairs), Finland (Ministry for Foreign Affairs), Sweden (Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency—Sida) and the United Kingdom (Department for International Development).
Format:
online