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UNU-WIDER WP/2012/08 The Politics of Inequality and Redistribution in Latin America’s Post-Adjustment Era

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A teenager wears torn rubber boots in a muddy local market in Bac Ha, Viet Nam. As of 2005 figures, half the world population—more than 3 billion people–is estimated to live on less than USD 2.50 a day. Bac Ha, Viet Nam. UN Photo/Kibae Park.

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WP/008 The Politics of Inequality and Redistribution in Latin America’s Post-Adjustment Era

Declining social and economic inequalities since the late 1990s coincided with several basic shifts in Latin America’s political landscape, including an electoral turn to the left and a revival of social mobilization from below. These shifts helped to ‘repoliticize’ inequality and return redistributive policies to a central place on the political agenda in the aftermath to the structural adjustment policies of the 1980s and 1990s.Equity gains, however, have occurred under conservative governments as well as leftist ones, and they are associated with a diverse set of public policy initiatives. The new politics of inequality, therefore, differ significantly from those of Latin America’s ISI era, as well as those that prevailed during the period of economic liberalization.
Publisher:
UNU-WIDER
Series:
WIDER Working Paper
Volume:
2012/08
Title:
WP/008 The Politics of Inequality and Redistribution in Latin America’s Post-Adjustment Era
Authors:
Kenneth M. Roberts
Publication date:
January 2012
ISBN 13 Web:
978-92-9230-471-3
Copyright holder:
© UNU-WIDER
Copyright year:
2012
Keywords:
inequality, redistribution, structural adjustment, political parties, populism, social policy
JEL:
H4, I2, I3, J3
Project:
The New Policy Model, Inequality and Poverty in Latin America: Evidence from the Last Decade and Prospects for the Future
Sponsor:
UNU-WIDER gratefully acknowledges the financial contributions to the research programme by the governments of Denmark (Ministry of Foreign Affairs), Finland (Ministry for Foreign Affairs), Sweden (Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency—Sida) and the United Kingdom (Department for International Development).
Format:
online

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