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A teenager wears torn rubber boots in a muddy local market in Bac Ha, Viet Nam. As of 2005 figures, half the world population—more than 3 billion people–is estimated to live on less than USD 2.50 a day. Bac Ha, Viet Nam. UN Photo/Kibae Park.

Table of contents

Illegal Immigration, Human Trafficking, and Organized Crime

Publisher:
UNU-WIDER
Series:
WIDER Discussion Paper
Volume:
2003/72
Title:
Illegal Immigration, Human Trafficking, and Organized Crime
Authors:
Raimo Väyrynen
Publication date:
2003
ISBN Printed:
9291905305
ISBN Web:
9291905313
ISBN 13 Print:
9789291905300
ISBN 13 Web:
9789291905317
Copyright holder:
© UNU-WIDER
Copyright year:
2003
Keywords:
illegal migration, human smuggling, human trafficking, organized crime, states, borders
JEL:
F22, I31, J48, J83, K42
Project:
Refugees, International Migration and Poverty
Format:
online and printed copies