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UNU-WIDER Why Some Countries Avoid Conflicts while Others Fail

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A family in Tarialan, Uvs Province, Mongolia, uses a solar panel to generate power for their 'ger', a traditional Mongolian tent. Tarialan, Mongolia. UN Photo/Eskinder Debebe.

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Why Some Countries Avoid Conflicts while Others Fail  

Project name/title
Why Some Countries Avoid Conflicts while Others Fail
Global Governance and Conflict
Previous UNU-WIDER research has shown that the risk of internal conflict is high in low-income societies rich in natural resources and characterised by ethnic fragmentation. Yet for each country in conflict there are many others with similar characteristics that are at peace. Understanding why some countries avoid conflict while others fail is critical. Key causes of conflict are inequality (along ethnic, religious, social, and regional dimensions). Therefore, policies that exclude some groups from the fruits of growth and public spending (both social and economic provisions as well as public employment) may cause conflict. The project will focus in particular on the impact of different patterns of public expenditure (by region, sector, groups of beneficiaries, etc.), the distribution of government jobs and the overall benefits of government operations in social stability and integration.

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