8 UNU-WIDER articles, publications, projects, experts...

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Automatic stabilizers
Journal Article
The role of automatic stabilizers and emergency tax–beneft policies during the COVID-19 pandemic: Evidence from Ecuador

By combining household survey data before and during the COVID-19 pandemic with detailed tax-benefit simulations, this paper quantifies the distributional effects of COVID-19 in Ecuador and the role of tax-benefit policies in mitigating the immediate...

COVID-19 Microsimulation Poverty
Working Paper
The effectiveness of social protection in five African countries through normal times and times of crisis

We study the effectiveness of social protection benefits in reducing income and consumption poverty in five sub-Saharan African countries—Ghana, Mozambique, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zambia—in normal times and times of widespread economic cri...

Income Poverty and consumption Social protection
Working Paper
The role of tax–benefit systems in protecting household incomes in Latin America during the COVID-19 pandemic

The COVID-19 pandemic drastically affected household incomes around the world. In developed economies, pre-pandemic tax–benefit policies and emergency transfers mitigated to a large extent the negative income shock...

Taxes Benefits COVID-19
Working Paper
Microsimulation approaches to studying shocks and social protection in selected developing economies

This paper calculates automatic stabilization in Ghana, South Africa, and Ecuador to explain income cushioning amid income and demand shocks. Fiscal policies within these countries are also stress tested to gauge welfare contingencies and insurance...

Developing countries Shocks Social protection
Working Paper
The mitigating role of tax and benefit rescue packages for poverty and inequality in Africa amid the COVID-19 pandemic

This paper analyses the distributional effects of the COVID-19 pandemic and related tax-benefit measures in 2020 in a cross-country comparative perspective for five African countries: Ghana, Mozambique, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zambia...

COVID-19 Income distribution Poverty
Research Brief
The role of tax and benefit policies during the COVID-19 pandemic in Ecuador COVID-19 Microsimulation Poverty
Working Paper
The role of automatic stabilizers and emergency tax–benefit policies during the COVID-19 pandemic in Ecuador

This paper makes use of tax–benefit microsimulation techniques to quantify the distributional effects of COVID-19 in Ecuador and the role of tax–benefit policies in mitigating the immediate impact of the economic shocks...

COVID-19 Microsimulation Poverty
Policy Brief
Fiscal multipliers and debt dynamics using a DSGE approach

Much of the research on the impact of fiscal policy shocks on macroeconomic outcomes (e.g., fiscal multipliers) uses reduced-form modelling approaches such as vector auto-regressions to obtain empirical results...

Dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model Fiscal multipliers Fiscal policy
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