186 UNU-WIDER articles, publications, projects, experts...

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Fiscal policy
Blog
Sales recovered faster from the pandemic than employment: Evidence from tax administrative and survey data in Zambia

Like most other countries, the government of Zambia introduced restrictions to control COVID-19, which considerably curtailed normal economic activity...

Competitiveness Debt Finance
Working Paper
Microsimulation approaches to studying shocks and social protection in selected developing economies

This paper calculates automatic stabilization in Ghana, South Africa, and Ecuador to explain income cushioning amid income and demand shocks. Fiscal policies within these countries are also stress tested to gauge welfare contingencies and insurance...

Developing countries Shocks Social protection
Working Paper
Fiscal policy in times of fiscal stress: Or what to do when r > g

South Africa runs a primary fiscal deficit and the long-term interest rate on government borrowing, r , is greater than the long-term economic growth rate, g . Without intervention, debt will continue to rise until there is a disorderly fiscal stop...

Fiscal sustainability Fiscal consolidation Policy coordination
Report
SOUTHMOD country report Mozambique - MOZMOD v2.9

This report documents MOZMOD, the SOUTHMOD model developed for Mozambique. It describes the different tax-benefit policies in place, how the microsimulation model picks up these different provisions, and the database on which the model runs...

Fiscal policy Revenues Taxation
Working Paper
The dynamics of domestic revenue mobilization across four decades

We utilize the recently updated UNU-WIDER Government Revenue Dataset, which covers key indicators on tax and non-tax revenues for 196 countries since the 1980s, to study the dynamics of government revenue tax collection across selected periods from 1...

Domestic revenue mobilization GRD Tax
Working Paper
The macroeconomic effect of fiscal policy in South Africa: A narrative analysis

This paper analyses the macroeconomic effect of legislated personal income tax changes in South Africa over the 1996–2019 period...

Personal income tax Structural VAR Instrumental variable
Working Paper
Debt-financed fiscal stimulus in South Africa

Debt-financed fiscal stimulus programmes directly stimulate aggregate demand through government expenditure or tax cuts, but their effectiveness is highly dependent on direct crowding out of private sector expenditure, spillover effects to the privat...

Public debt Interest rate Fiscal sustainability
Report
SOUTHMOD country report Mozambique - MOZMOD v2.6a

View the latest MOZMOD country report here . This report documents MOZMOD, the SOUTHMOD model developed for Mozambique...

Fiscal policy Revenues Taxation
Working Paper
Do fiscal regimes matter for fiscal sustainability in South Africa?: A Markov-switching approach

This paper empirically examines South Africa’s fiscal sustainability through a Markov-switching model which utilizes quarterly datasets for the period from 1960 to 2019...

Fiscal sustainability Markov switching South Africa
Policy Brief
Fiscal multipliers and debt dynamics using a DSGE approach

Much of the research on the impact of fiscal policy shocks on macroeconomic outcomes (e.g., fiscal multipliers) uses reduced-form modelling approaches such as vector auto-regressions to obtain empirical results...

Dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model Fiscal multipliers Fiscal policy
Policy Brief
Policy implications of empirically estimated fiscal multipliers for South Africa

Despite the frequent use of fiscal policy for stabilization purposes, there remains significant uncertainty regarding the impact of fiscal policy decisions on macroeconomic outcomes. This impact is quantified by calculating fiscal multipliers...

Fiscal multipliers Fiscal policy State-dependent
Working Paper
A medium-sized, open-economy, fiscal DSGE model of South Africa

Much of the research on fiscal multipliers has used reduced form modelling approaches...

Dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model Fiscal policy Fiscal multipliers
Working Paper
Empirical estimates of fiscal multipliers for South Africa

Despite the frequent use of fiscal policy for stabilization purposes and the important role fiscal activism has played over the last decade, the size of budgetary multipliers (i.e...

Fiscal multipliers Fiscal policy State-dependent
Report
SOUTHMOD country report Mozambique - MOZMOD v2.6

View the latest MOZMOD country report here . This report documents MOZMOD, the SOUTHMOD model developed for Mozambique...

Fiscal policy Revenues Taxation
Working Paper
The elasticity of taxable income: New data and estimates for South Africa

The elasticity of taxable income is a key tax policy parameter that plays an important role in the formulation of tax and transfer policy...

Fiscal policy Elasticity Taxable income
Working Paper
Winners and losers in industrial policy 2.0

Large-scale business subsidies tied to national industrial development promotion programmes are notoriously difficult to study and are often inseparable from the political economy of large government programmes...

Firm subsidies Fiscal policy Industrial policy
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