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Journal Special Issue: What sustains informality
This Open Access special issue explores critical issues related to the nature of informal employment and its determinants. Read more
Annual Report 2021
We look back at our key achievements over 2021 and highlight our recent contributions to the data revolution, SDG 8 (Decent work and economic growth) and SDG 16 (Peace, justice and strong institutions). Read more
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3 UNU-WIDER articles, publications, projects, experts...
Journal ArticleThe social profitability of rural roads in a small open economy: Do urban agglomeration economies matter?
The effects of a rural roads programme depend on labour mobility, how the programme is financed, and agglomera-tion economies...Agglomeration Benefit programmes Transportation cost
Working PaperThe social profitability of rural roads in a small open economy: Do urban agglomeration economies matter?
In the presence of agglomeration economies, the effects of a rural roads programme depend not only on the reduction in transportation costs, but also on the form of labour mobility...Rural roads Profitability Transportation
Working PaperRural roads and urban agglomeration economies: Benefits for town and country?
Do urban agglomeration economies enhance the social profitability of rural roads? When all goods are traded at parametric world prices, lower transport costs benefit villagers...Agglomeration Benefit programmes Transportation cost