12 UNU-WIDER articles, publications, projects, experts...

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Working Paper
Return migration and entrepreneurship in Cameroon

In this paper, we examine the determinants of the entrepreneurial behaviour of returnees to Cameroon based on original survey data from 2012...

Return migration Skills Entrepreneurship
Working Paper
The role of skills and tasks in changing employment trends and income inequality in Chile

Using decomposition methods, we analyse the role of the changing nature of work in explaining changes in employment, wage inequality, and job polarization in Chile from 1992 to 2017...

Wage inequality Polarization Skills
Working Paper
Ban on female migrant workers: Skills-differentiated evidence from Sri Lanka

This study examines the skills-differentiated impact of a restrictive female labour migration policy in Sri Lanka using monthly departure data from 2012 to 2018 in a difference-in-difference model...

Labour migration Employment Women
Working Paper
Changes in occupations and their task content: Implications for employment and inequality in Argentina, 2003–19

The aim of this paper is to identify the scope and patterns of the structural transformation as evidenced by changes in occupations and their task content, and their impact on employment, earnings and income distribution in Argentina during the new m...

Skills Tasks Polarization
Working Paper
Evolution of wage inequality in India (1983–2017): The role of occupational task content

We examine data for urban workers in the non-agricultural sector across three decades, 1983–2017, and find that earnings inequality increased during 1983–2004, was largely stable during 2004–11, and decreased during 2011–17...

Skills Tasks Earnings inequality
Working Paper
Implications of the changing nature of work for employment and inequality in Ghana

In this paper, we analyse the role of the changing nature of occupational employment and wages in explaining the trend in earnings inequality in Ghana between 2006 and 2017, a period in which there was a substantial transformation of the economy, wit...

Skills Tasks Occupations
Working Paper
The global distribution of routine and non-routine work

Studies of the effects of technology and globalization on employment and inequality commonly assume that occupations are identical around the world in the job tasks they require...

De-routinization Economic development Global division of labour
Working Paper
Productivity, structural change, and skills dynamics: Evidence from a half-century analysis

This paper explores the contribution of structural change and the skill upgrading of the labour force to productivity...

MENA Productivity Skills
Book Chapter
The construction sector in Tanzania

From the book: Mining for Change

Construction sector Contractors Land
Research Brief
The impact on jobs and earnings of offshoring in South Africa

The success of an economy’s manufacturing sector is often critical to economic growth and development...

Offshoring Firm-level data Linked employer-employee data
Working Paper
Offshoring within South African manufacturing firms: An analysis of the labour market effects

In South Africa, the manufacturing sector—important for growth and employment creation—has shown declining growth, poor productivity performance, decreased labour demand, and increased imports of intermediate goods (offshoring activities)...

Offshoring Firm-level data Linked employer-employee data
Working Paper
Role of the construction sector and key bottlenecks to supply response in Tanzania

The construction sector is a key enabler for social and economic development worldwide...

Construction sector Contractors Land
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