Book: Extractive Industries
Open access | New initiatives recognize that resource wealth can provide a means, when properly used, for poorer nations to decisively break with poverty by diversifying economies and funding development spending.
Journal Special Issue: Horizontal Inequality: Persistence and Change
Open access | This journal special issue offers conceptual, theoretical, and empirical reasons for treating horizontal inequality as an outcome and challenging assumptions of fixity.
Policy Brief: Employment expectations of university students in Mozambique
Results from a baseline survey
Inclusive growth in Mozambique – scaling-up research and capacity
The central goal of the project is to support inclusive growth, growth that substantially improves the living standards of the Mozambican population.
Journal Article: Occupational segregation by race in South Africa after Apartheid
Open access | This article investigates progress in reducing the high level of racial stratification of occupations after apartheid in South Africa.
Research and policy briefs
Evidence-based policymaking is crucial. Use our publications search to browse nearly 200 briefs which highlight the findings and policy implications of our research.
84 UNU-WIDER articles, publications, projects, experts...
Working PaperWage growth and inequality in urban China: 1988–2013
We investigate the evolution of wage levels, wage inequality, and wage determinants among urban residents in China using China Household Income Project data from 1988, 1995, 2002, 2007, and 2013...Wages Income inequality Wage growth
Policy BriefEmployment expectations of university students in Mozambique: Results from a baseline survey
Before now, there has been no systematic study of the transition of university students as they finish their studies and enter the labour market...Employment Education Wages
ReportBaseline Survey on the School-to-Work Transitions of University Graduates in Mozambique
The survey on the School-to-Work Transitions of University Graduates in Mozambique aims to respond to the concerns of the Government of Mozambique and development partners with respect to youth employment in the country...Employment Education Wages
Journal ArticleThe Happy Farmer: Self-Employment and Subjective Well-Being in Rural Vietnam
Using a unique survey data set this paper documents a positive effect of self-employment in farming on subjective well-being. This direct effect is only partly offset by negative, indirect effects working through income and other variables...Agriculture Job satisfaction Quality of life
Working PaperThe evolution and determination of earnings inequality in post-apartheid South Africa
In this paper we identify some of the drivers of changes in the distribution of earnings and earnings inequality in the South African labour market between 2000 and 2014...RIF Wages Income inequality
Working PaperDoes union membership pay off?: Evidence from Vietnamese SMEs
In the absence of adequate institutional mechanisms, trade unions can potentially promote higher wages and other worker benefits, yet limited data availability means little is known about the effect unions have on individual earnings in developing ec...Labor unions Wages Small and medium enterprises
Journal ArticleOn the Short- and Medium-Term Effects of Formalisation: Panel Evidence from Vietnam
This paper analyses the consequences of formalisation on the performance of informal firms, using a panel dataset from Vietnam...Factor proportions Informal sector (Economics) Wages
Working PaperThe effects of minimum wage hikes on employment and wages in Viet Nam’s micro, small, and medium enterprises
Very little is known about the extent to which wage and employment offsetting behaviours change by firm size to mitigate the detrimental effects of minimum wage regulation...Minimum wage Employment Wages
Journal ArticleStructural Transformation, Biased Technological Change and Employment in Vietnam
Employment in Vietnam and elsewhere in Asia has grown more slowly than GDP over the last several decades. This means GDP per capita is rising...Economic development Economic growth Labor
Working PaperFirm-level determinants of earnings in the formal sector of the South African labour market
Labour market analysis in the South African context provides a relatively robust understanding of the individual characteristics that influence wage differentials across workers (i.e...Administrative data Tax Firm level analysis
Working PaperLabour demand and the distribution of wages in South African manufacturing exporters
This paper contributes to the understanding of the linkages between exporting, labour demand, and wages in South Africa...Exporters Firm-level analysis Labour demand
Working PaperGender matters: Private sector training in Vietnamese SMEs
In many developing countries the skill base is a cause of concern with respect to international competition. Firm-provided training is generally seen as an important tool for bridging the skills gap between labour force and private sector demand...Training Wages SME
Working PaperLinks between foreign direct investment and human capital formation: Evidence from the manufacturing sector in India
This paper is related to the literature on the effect of foreign direct investment (FDI) on the labour market of host countries...Foreign Direct Investment Human capital Labour demand
Working PaperAffirmative action policies and the evolution of post-apartheid South Africa’s racial wage gap
Racial wage inequality and discrimination have pervaded South African society for centuries. Apartheid legislation cemented these disparities by institutionalizing white job reservation and many other unfair practices...Discrimination in employment Equality and inequality Labor
BlogFrom the Editor's Desk (September-October 2015)
UNU-WIDER had a busy September. We celebrated our 30 th birthday with some 600 people at our three-day conference on ‘Mapping the Future of Development Economics’ here in Helsinki. It was a great occasion...Agriculture Business enterprises Capital investments