7135 UNU-WIDER articles, publications, projects, experts...

Filter by...

Show results
Research Brief
Oil in Ghana: How inflated expectations of oil revenues led to a deterioration in macroeconomic management

Prior to the discovery of oil, Ghana was one of the stars of the ‘Africa rising’ story, with an established track record of macroeconomic stability and fiscal discipline...

Oil Ghana extractives industry
Microsimulation models for developing countries: An interview with Jukka Pirttilä

The University of Tampere is participating in an international project in which a microsimulation model is being drafted for the evaluation of the price effects of taxation and the transfer of income in developing countries...

Tax microsimulation Public finance
Working Paper
The taxation of extractive industries: Mining

The taxation of the mining industry varies considerably from nation to nation. This paper reflects on the evolving use of various taxation approaches applied by governments to the mining sector...

Mining Mining taxation Royalties
Estimating tax avoidance: New findings, new questions

There are now a range of estimates of the global scale of tax avoidance. These include: the $600 billion annual tax loss estimated by IMF researchers Crivelli et al...

tax avoidance Tax Multinational firms
Public economics for development

Despite successes in poverty reduction and improvements in health and educational outcomes in many low-income countries, development challenges remain extensive. They cannot be addressed effectively without a well-functioning public sector. This...

5 July 2017 09:006 July 2017 18:00
Maputo, Mozambique
Photo: Kevin Krebs
Working Paper
The missing middle: Growing and strengthening Viet Nam’s micro, small, and medium-sized enterprises

We study the exporting and subcontracting decisions, mark-ups, market concentration, and growth of a panel of Vietnamese private micro, small, and medium-sized enterprises. Our main findings are as follows...

Viet Nam Exporting Subcontracting
Working Paper
Global distribution of revenue loss from tax avoidance: Re-estimation and country results

International corporate tax is an important source of government revenue, especially in lower-income countries...

corporate income tax International taxation tax avoidance
Finland’s Minister for Foreign Trade and Development visits UNU-WIDER

Director Finn Tarp today welcomed Finland’s Minister for Foreign Trade and Development Kai Mykkänen to the UNU-WIDER offices in Helsinki. Part of ongoing collaboration with the Ministry for Foreign Affairs, it was the Minister’s...

Evidence based policy making in Myanmar – New four-year programme in collaboration with the Central Statistical Organization launched

Director-General of the Central Statistical Organization Dr Wah Wah Maung, Ambassador of Denmark to Myanmar H.E. Peter Lysholt Hansen, and UNU-WIDER Director Finn Tarp at the project launch event on 17 March 2017. UNU-WIDER and the Central...

Myanmar SMEs
Tackling gender inequality from all directions

Improving the position of women continues to be an important concern in development...

Gender equality Development aid Interventions
Call for papers
WIDER Development Conference jointly organized with ARUA - Migration and mobility

Submission deadline 1 May 2017 23:59 UTC+3.

Closing date: 1 May 2017
Application submissions
A two-way street: Regional integration in southern Africa through supermarkets

Walk into any supermarket and you will find a mix of products to stock the kitchen. It’s easy to assume that many of the goods on offer are sourced locally and from nearby countries...

Regional growth Africa Supermarkets
Research Brief
Community development planning: Success and failure in the extractive sector

A central difficulty for extractive activity is that benefits accrue at the national level but disruptions are highly localized. Companies recognise that these imbalances need to be addressed and adopt active programmes to improve local benefits...

Extractives Capacity building community development
Inclusive growth in Mozambique - scaling-up research and capacity

The central goal of the project is to support inclusive growth, growth that substantially improves the living standards of the Mozambican population. This will be pursued through a focused research and capacity-building effort, meant to increase...

Mozambique Employment generation Industrial policy
Photo: ILRI / Mann
Leading economists agree: closing borders is not the answer to inequality

Building a great big wall will not close the gap. Jorge Duenes/Reuters US President Donald Trump wants to build a wall along the US-Mexican border. Britain wants to retreat into its shell to become an isolated island state ...

Inequality immigration Refugees
How big supermarket chains in southern Africa keep out small suppliers

A shopper prepares to pay at an informal shop in Soweto, South Africa. Smaller retailers are struggling to grow. Supermarkets are a key route to market for many suppliers of food and household consumable products...

Supermarkets Growth Economic development
A brief history of the role of energy in the global economy: The last 25 years

Ever since the British Industrial Revolution, energy has been a key factor of production. Recent history has proved no exception. The pattern of primary commercial energy consumption since 1965 is presented in Figure 1...

Working Paper
Industrial clusters: The case for Special Economic Zones in Africa

Firms tend to cluster in close geographic proximity to each other to benefit from reduced transport costs, shared inputs, and productivity spillovers due to learning and technology transfers...

Agglomeration Special Economic Zones Spatial industrial policy
WIID - World Income Inequality Database

World Income Inequality Database (WIID), collects and stores information on income inequality for developed, developing, and transition countries. WIID provides the most comprehensive set of income inequality statistics available and can be...

Policy Brief
Multidimensional poverty and wellbeing in Mozambique

Poverty is a multidimensional phenomenon involving things other than consumption — such as access to and quality of health and education, housing, possession of durable goods, freedom, and many other factors...

Poverty Multidimensional poverty Household survey
Working Paper
Economic impacts of developing a biofuel industry in Mozambique

Mozambique is one of the most promising African countries for producing biofuels and the national biofuel policy of 2009 identifies measures to incentivize biofuel production...

Biofuel Computable general equilibrium Food security
Made in Africa – the future of production on the continent

The international community has a new set of development goals. They reflect Africa’s aspirations much more closely than the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) they replaced...

Production Manufacturing Industrial development
Working Paper
Tax revenues in transition countries: Structural changes and their policy implications

Changes in the tax structure and category of taxes clearly matter when it comes to initiating tax policies. This paper employs data from a sample of 33 transitional countries over the period 1991–2014...

Tax revenue Economic growth Transitional economies
Policy Brief
Poverty in Mozambique: Significant progress but challenges remain

In 1990, Mozambique was one of the poorest countries in the world, with poverty estimated to reach 80% of the total population. At that stage, a Millennium Development Goal of reducing this proportion by half posed a very difficult target to meet...

Poverty Inequality Survey data
Dr Jo Beall and Professor Martha Chen join the WIDER Board
Project workshop
Towards gender equity in development
3 February 20174 February 2017
University of Namur, Faculty of Economics, Social Sciences and Business Administration, Rempart de la Vierge 8, Namur, Belgium
Past event
New data on income inequality – WIID3.4 released

The UNU-WIDER World Income Inequality Database ― widely known by its acronym WIID ― collects and stores information on income inequality for developed, developing, and transition countries. WIID provides the most comprehensive set of income...

Extractives for development (E4D)

Natural resource wealth has often turned out to be a ‘curse’ rather than a ‘blessing’ for developing countries. Growth based exclusively on natural resources—such as oil, gas, and minerals—is often of a very...

Wealth Natural resources Management
Working Paper
Are taxes good for your health?

The global framework for financing development, adopted in 2015, places great emphasis on mobilizing domestic resources to finance the Sustainable Development Goals, which include universal healthcare. In a recent paper Reeves et al...

Taxation Health Resource revenues
Working Paper
Mapping deprivation in Mozambique: An analysis of census data (1997–2007)

In this study we analyse the evolution of deprivation indicators and of a multidimensional poverty index using Mozambican census data for 1997 and 2007...

Multidimensional poverty Deprivation Mozambique
Working Paper
Race, resources, and representation: Evidence from Brazilian politicians

What explains the persistence of racial or ethnic inequalities in political representation, in the absence of strongly politicized racial or ethnic cleavages?...

descriptive representation racial democracy Brazil
Prospects for a Tanzanian transformation

Researchers, policy makers, and representatives of international institutions recently gathered in Dar es Salaam to discuss prospects for a transformation of Tanzania’s economy...

Transformation Growth Informal sector (Economics)
Get started with the UNU WIDER website...