6568 UNU-WIDER articles, publications, projects, experts...

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Press release - Global income inequality has declined in relative terms, but gone up substantially in absolute amounts

Helsinki, Finland – Researchers from United Nations University World Institute for Development Economics Research (UNU-WIDER) have found that during the last four decades global income inequality decreased substantially in ‘relative...

Manufacturing Transformation: Comparative Studies of Industrial Development in Africa and Emerging Asia

This book is Open Access, click here to download...

Competition Econometrics Globalization
Improving adult health increases children’s schooling - evidence from Zambia

Both health and education are essential for reducing poverty. Unfortunately, the two are often interlinked and in many countries both are severely lacking...

Economic growth Education Health
Working Paper
Ethnic and racial disparities in children’s education: Comparative evidence from Ethiopia, India, Peru, and Viet Nam

We investigate whether there are racial and ethnic disparities in children’s education in Ethiopia, India, Peru, and Viet Nam...

Children Education
Extractives for development (E4D)

Natural resource wealth has often turned out to be a ‘curse’ rather than a ‘blessing’ for developing countries. Growth based exclusively on natural resources—such as oil, gas, and minerals—is often of a very...

Wealth Natural resources Management
African Lions - Ghana's job creation successes and obstacles

Over the past two decades, Ghana’s economy experienced an average annual growth rate of 5.8 percent, and became a low-middle income country in 2007...

Economic growth Employees Equality and inequality
Working Paper
Why does caste still influence access to agricultural credit?

In India, caste shapes access to a variety of resources and outcomes mainly through its influence on inter-generational prosperity, but also the linked phenomenon of discrimination...

Caste Rural development
African Lions - Tapping the potential of Kenya's economic growth

From 2000-2014, like many other sub-Saharan African countries, Kenya experienced high growth, at an average of 4.37 percent...

Economic growth Labor Labor productivity
Research Brief
Demographic, employment, and wage trends in South Africa

While South Africa’s democratic transition precipitated a period of growth, this growth was not inclusive and both poverty and inequality remain high...

Economic growth Labor demand Labor market
Extractive industries and development – taxing profits and investing gains

Industries based on natural resources such as oil, gas, and minerals can play a major positive role in the development of low- and middle-income countries, however they can also lead to a very narrow kind of growth which excludes the poor and damages...

Industrialization Natural resources
The relationship between human capital and economic development -status: It’s complicated

Human capital for development Conventional wisdom on economic growth and development emphasizes the importance of human capital. But is the link between education and income as robust as we think?...

Economic growth Human capital
The world’s new middles - Implications for the future of development and aid

The storyline The basic storyline of this blog is economic growth since the Cold War. It is outlined how growth has produced two new middles...

Economic growth Equality and inequality Income distribution
Working Paper
Do labour market conditions affect the extent of gender discrimination?

The market environment in which discriminatory firms operate may be a relevant determinant of their extent of discrimination. In this paper we aim at analysing the effect of local labour market conditions on a firm’s decision to discriminate...

The politics of group-based inequalities - measurement, implications, and possibilities for change

This component of the ‘ Disadvantaged Groups and Social Mobility ’ project aims to shed new light on the extent to which inequalities run along ethnic, gender, and other communal lines, as well as understanding the determinants of these...

Inclusion Inequality Horizontal inequality
Working Paper
The history and politics of energy transitions: Comparing contested views and finding common ground

According to some definitions, an energy transition refers to the time that elapses between the introduction of a new primary energy source, or prime mover, and its rise to claiming a substantial share of the overall market...

Environmental policy Natural resources Power resources
Journal Article
Effects of food price shocks on child malnutrition: The Mozambican experience 2008/2009

A propitiously timed household survey carried out in Mozambique over the period 2008/2009 permits us to study the relationship between shifts in food prices and child nutrition status in a low income setting...

Children Food industry and trade Inflation (Finance)
Policy Brief
Two cheers on growth and poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa: Evidence from a 16 country study

While the recovery and acceleration of economic growth in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) since about 1995 has been widely recognized, much less is known about the extent to which this growth has been translated into improvements in welfare for the populati...

Economic growth Poverty
Can extractive industries promote development?

I spent the last couple of days at a fascinating workshop at UNU-WIDER on the role of extractive industries in development ...

Economic development Mineral industries Natural resources
Growth and Poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa

This book is Open Access, click here to download...

Economic growth Poverty
African Lions - Nigeria's jobless growth

Nigeria, sub-Saharan Africa’s biggest economy and most populous country, has recorded high growth in recent years. Indeed, real GDP growth rate was 6.31 in 2014 (compared to the regional average of 4.35)...

Economic growth Labor market Poverty
African Lions - Unpacking labor trends and growth in Mozambique

Mozambique, over the last two decades, has experienced explosive growth, with an average GDP growth rate of almost 8 percent between 1997-2015...

Economic growth Labor productivity Poverty
Multinational Tax Avoidance in Developing Countries

In recent years many global firms—including Starbucks, Google, and Amazon—have come under fire for avoiding paying taxes in one country by shifting their profits to a country with lower tax rates...

International business enterprises Tax evasion Taxation
WIID - World Income Inequality Database

WIID, the World Income Inequality Database, collects and stores information on income inequality for developed, developing, and transition countries. The WIID provides the most comprehensive set of income inequality statistics available and can be...

Will Norway’s model of Sovereign Wealth Fund work in Tanzania?: A reality check

Several countries in Africa – including Ghana, Kenya, Mozambique, Tanzania, and Uganda - have recently discovered large oil and gas or other mineral resources...

Economic assistance and foreign aid Fiscal policy Mineral industries
Photo: Penguincakes The economics and politics of taxation and social protection

Theme: Inclusion

Tax Social protection Political economy
Five lessons from Martin Ravallion’s WIDER Annual Lecture: Direct interventions against poverty in poor places

On 23 March researchers, policy makers, and politicians gathered at the Stockholm School of Economics (or joined online via the webcast ) to hear Professor Martin Ravallion deliver WIDER Annual Lecture 20 and discuss its implications...

Equality and inequality Poverty Social security
Photo: UNU-WIDER / Johan Jeppsson WIDER Annual Lecture 20 by Martin Ravallion Poverty Inequality Social protection
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