GHAMOD – simulating tax and benefit policies for development in Ghana

GHAMOD model is freely accessible for non-commercial research use. You may request access for the model here.

GHAMOD, the tax-benefit microsimulation model for Ghana, has been developed in cooperation with the University of Ghana, the University of Tampere. The newest available version of GHAMOD is based on the Ghana Living Standards Survey (GLSS) 2013, allowing for representative results on the national and sub-national level. Policies are simulated for 2013 through 2017 (based on updated household level data from 2013).

GHAMOD is a highly versatile yet easy to use tool for policy makers and researchers alike. Possible policy reform simulations in GHAMOD include, for example, a universal child benefit or a universal pension for the elderly. With GHAMOD the number of beneficiaries and the total cost to the state budget can be simulated and characteristics of the prospective recipients analysed (such as: Are prospective recipients more likely to live in urban or rural areas? Do they work in the formal sector or not? etc.). Yet GHAMOD also allows to calculate the effects on the government’s budget (How much would such a policy cost?) including, for example, how tax rates could be increased to offset the additional expenditures on social protection.

GHAMOD was launched for public use in Accra, Ghana in May 2017, at which time the first training course also took place.


Adhesion agreement GHAMOD v1.5
User manual v1.3
Country report v1.3


GHAMOD v1.1 with solutions

Technical note

Integration of indirect taxation to GHAMOD