WIDERAngle

Expert commentary from our network

New WIID Companion to improve the study of inequality

There is a growing need to understand income inequality trends and how they interplay with other social, economic, and political outcomes, both at the country level and worldwide. Despite significant progress during the last decades in improving the availability of data to study inequalities, substantial constraints still limit our ability to conduct consistent cross-country comparisons and analyses of long-term trends of income distributions.  UNU-WIDER has contributed to this...

Good intentions falling short – the case of pension-related tax expenditures in South Africa

by Agustin Redonda
Tax benefits to boost contributions into pension funds or pension-related tax expenditures (PTEs) are used widely by governments worldwide to address issues related to the aging of population and the sustainability of retirement systems. Although these goals are worth pursuing, PTEs are often highly regressive and can thus be important drivers of inequality trends. In South Africa, for instance, PTEs are one of the largest tax expenditure provisions and their benefits are disproportionally...

Adding insult to injury – the impacts of COVID-19 on urban youth in Mozambique

by Eva-Maria Egger, Ivan Manhique, Finn Tarp
The negative economic and social impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic in Mozambique range from reduced social interaction to business closures, job losses, and increased poverty. Existing evidence already shows significant effects on the transitions of young people graduating from technical and vocational schools into the world of work. For disadvantaged youth in urban areas, the pandemic has further reduced their prospects. Data collected recently for the ‘Inclusive growth in...

29 Blogpost

Filter by...

UNU-WIDER topic
Show results
COVID-19
Blog
COVID-19 lays bare Cape Town’s social divide, deepens underlying inequalities

The COVID-19 pandemic delivered a devastating economic shock to livelihoods across the world. In Cape Town, it has been toughest on those who had just found a way to keep their heads above water, living on the fringes of urban society...

South Africa Urban COVID-19
Blog
Ghana's lockdown hit vulnerable workers hard: What needs to happen next time

Coronavirus lockdowns brought the world to a standstill. Rules on hygiene and social distancing have reshaped daily life, schools and businesses had been closed, and gatherings banned...

COVID-19 Lockdown Employment
Blog
Ecuador’s social protection system failed during the pandemic: It needs a rethink

Household incomes in Ecuador were badly hit by the pandemic, despite the government’s emergency grant to families...

COVID-19 Microsimulation Poverty
Blog
What does COVID-19 mean for Africa?: Challenges, but also opportunities

The COVID-19 pandemic has led to an exceptional social and economic crisis all over the world, with Africa among the hardest-hit regions. What are the most acute challenges facing the continent during and after the pandemic?...

COVID-19 Africa Africa's Economic Development
Research Brief
The role of tax and benefit policies during the COVID-19 pandemic in Ecuador January 2021

What was the impact on earnings of the economic crisis caused by the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in Ecuador? To what extent did social assistance programmes compensate household income losses?...

COVID-19 Microsimulation Poverty
Blog
Headline data suggests low-income states are coping better with the pandemic than high-income states. But is this true?

States with fragile state health systems have been commended for effective responses to the COVID-19 pandemic...

COVID-19 Capable states State capacity
Blog
The world needs a people’s vaccine

The world needs a people’s vaccine for COVID-19 — one provided universally, and accessible to the entire world population. A patent-protected vaccine could ultimately exclude many people from being vaccinated and protected...

COVID-19 COVID-19 vaccine
Blog
Decent work and COVID-19 – it’s time for a just deal for all workers

Seven months into the unprecedented crisis of COVID-19, we already see significant effects on employment and earnings worldwide...

Decent Work Informality COVID-19
Blog
Graduating in the shadow of the pandemic: The impact of COVID-19 on the transition of young Mozambicans from school to work

Since appearing in 2019, the COVID-19 pandemic has plunged the world into an unprecedented health and socioeconomic crisis...

School-to-Work Labour market Education
Blog
Do we have the right balance?: Aggregate population health and COVID-19
Placeholder

The world has been shaken by unprecedented efforts in the name of public health. But, efforts to arrest COVID-19 were not initially formulated with a comprehensive view of the public health in mind ...

COVID-19 Global health Population health
Blog
Five ways coronavirus is deepening global inequality

Before coronavirus, inequality was already increasing in many parts of the developing world . But the pandemic is going to greatly heighten existing economic and social inequalities...

COVID-19 Inequality Decent Work
Blog
Beyond lockdown: rebuilding the social contract

Continued lockdown measures are straining the social contract between citizens and governments...

Social unrest Lockdown Sub-Saharan Africa
Blog
The labour market implications of COVID-19 for Bangladeshi women

With the first confirmed case of COVID-19 in Bangladesh on 8 March 2020 and the initiation of a lockdown on 26 March 2020, 1 the livelihoods of a significant number of people were under serious threat — with women most likely to suffer the wors...

COVID-19 Gender inequality Labour force participation
Blog
The debate around intellectual property rights and the COVID-19 vaccine
Placeholder

The most effective way to fight COVID-19 is by vaccinating against infection. But once the vaccine is developed, how can it be distributed across the world’s population?...

COVID-19 COVID-19 vaccine Intellectual property rights
Blog
Is COVID-19 really an exogenous shock?

"We cannot solve problems by using the same kind of thinking we used when we created them." – Albert Einstein Economists invariably divide shocks into two types: endogenous and exogenous...

COVID-19 Economics Shocks
Blog
Poverty and the pandemic in the Pacific
Placeholder

COVID-19 has had a far greater economic impact than health impact on Papua New Guinea (PNG) and the Pacific...

COVID-19 Pandemic Global poverty
Displaying 16 of 29 results.