Sustainable energy transitions involve the shift of resources between competing industrial sectors and political constituencies. Stakeholders in this process have varying degrees of political and economic power, and understanding how political economic factors influence clean energy transitions is crucial to effective policy formulation and facilitating transitions to sustainable energy systems.
This project seeks to contribute to enhanced understanding of these factors.
Video introduction to the project
Channing Arndt, Senior Research Fellow of UNU-WIDER, presents the thinking behind this project and the study of implementation of clean energy policies.
Professor Tarp has four decades of experience in academic and applied development economics research and teaching. His field experience covers more than two decades of in-country work in 35 countries across Africa and the developing world more...
Parallel sessionClean and renewable energy
Advances in variable renewable energy technologies are resulting in structural shifts in energy systems globally. Developing countries typically feature promising endowments in renewable resources, rapidly growing demand, and a relative lack of...
In broad terms, the climate challenge is relatively straightforward. Global average temperatures are rising because of anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases...Energy Development Climate change
BookThe Political Economy of Clean Energy Transitions
This is an open access title available under the terms of a CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO licence. It is free to read at Oxford Scholarship Online and offered as a free PDF download from OUP and selected open access locations...Energy Development Climate change
Book ChapterUnderstanding indicator choice for the assessment of RD&D financing of low-carbon energy technologies: Lessons from the Nordic countries
Book ChapterDo political economy factors matter in explaining the increase in the production of bioenergy?
Book ChapterIs feed-in-tariff policy effective for increasing deployment of renewable energy in Indonesia?
Book ChapterThe political economy of energy innovation
Book ChapterVarieties of clean energy transitions in Europe: Political-economic foundations of onshore and offshore wind development
Book ChapterSupport policies for renewables: Instrument choice and instrument change from a public choice perspective
Book ChapterThe history and politics of energy transitions: Comparing contested views and finding common ground
Book ChapterIntroduction and Synthesis
Working PaperThe history and politics of energy transitions: Comparing contested views and finding common ground
According to some definitions, an energy transition refers to the time that elapses between the introduction of a new primary energy source, or prime mover, and its rise to claiming a substantial share of the overall market...Environmental policy Natural resources Power resources
Working PaperThe political economy of energy transitions and thermal energy poverty: Comparing the residential LPG sectors in Indonesia and South Africa
Indonesia and South Africa are both trying address energy poverty through subsidized energy provision...Gas utilities Political science Poverty
Working PaperThe linkages of energy, water, and land use in Southeast Asia: Challenges and opportunities for the Mekong region
This paper aims to contribute to understanding the existing knowledge gaps in the linkages of energy, water, and land use in Southeast Asia and explores the political economy of energy transition in the Mekong region (MR)...Natural resources Power resources Water
Working PaperIs feed-in-tariff policy effective for increasing deployment of renewable energy in Indonesia?
To accelerate the deployment of renewable energy technologies and to secure the electricity supply, the Government of Indonesia has issued several feed-in-tariff regulations for various renewable energy sources, which were previously predominated by ...Environmental aspects (Commercial policy) Power resources Renewable energy sources
Working PaperThe legal configuration of hydrocarbon infrastructure
The United States’ greenhouse gas mitigation strategy decentralizes mitigation responsibility to the states and states have primary regulatory jurisdiction over electrical power utilities...Electric utilities Law
Working PaperThe political economy of clean energy transitions at sub-national level: Understanding the role of international climate regimes in energy policy in two Brazilian states
This paper examines the political economy aspects, particularly the influence of the Clean Development Mechanism, in clean energy and climate change policies in the states of Bahia and Rio Grande do Sul in Brazil...Climatic changes Renewable energy sources Sustainable development
In the mediaVox article on the political hurdles facing a carbon tax — and how to overcome them
Based partially on the WIDER Working Paper by Jesse Jenkins and Valerie Karplus, David Roberts from the news website Vox discusses the complex relationship between carbon pricing and binding political constraints.Carbon tax Political economy Environmental economics
Working PaperUnderstanding indicator choice for the assessment of research, development, and demonstration financing of low-carbon energy technologies: Lessons from the Nordic countries
Rapid decarbonization of whole countries requires additional research, development, and demonstration of low-carbon energy technologies. Governments support research, development, and demonstration in this area with various financing instruments...Nonrenewable natural resources
Working PaperCarbon pricing under binding political constraints
The economic prescription for climate change is clear: price carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) and other greenhouse gas emissions to internalize climate damages...Carbon tax Climatic changes Environmental economics
Working PaperClimate change policy and power sector reform in Mexico under the ‘golden age of gas’
Mexico’s low-carbon technology perspectives show lack of coherence with the rising ambition in climate change commitments, for which Mexico is internationally praised...Climatic changes Gas utilities Natural resources
Working PaperTowards a political economy framework for wind power: Does China break the mould?
We propose a general taxonomy of the political economy challenges to wind power development and integration, highlighting the implications in terms of actors, interests, and risks...Renewable energy sources
Working PaperAn inquiry into the political economy of the global clean energy transition policies and Nigeria’s federal and state governments’ fiscal policies
In order to implement clean energy transition programmes, the national and sub-national governments in Nigeria will incur some cost. In the same way, failure to implement the policies will come with some costs...Fiscal policy Nonrenewable natural resources Renewable energy sources
Working PaperImplementing EU renewable energy policy at the subnational level: Navigating between conflicting interests
The European Union (EU) has set targets for gradually reducing greenhouse gas emissions through 2050. One of the instruments involved is the 2009 Renewable Energy Directive, which specifies a 20 per cent renewable energy target for the EU by 2020...Forests and forestry Renewable energy sources State governments
Working PaperGoverning clean energy transitions in China and India: A comparative political economy analysis
China and India will have to radically transform their electric power systems in order to decouple economic growth from unsustainable resource consumption...Economic growth Environmental policy Political science
Working PaperDo political economy factors matter in explaining the increase in the production of bioenergy?
In this paper, we analyse the impact of political economy factors on the production of bioenergy...
Working PaperIntegrating clean energy use in national poverty reduction strategies: Opportunities and challenges in Rwanda’s Girinka programme
The disappearance of Rwanda’ forests and attendant change in climatic conditions prompted the government to explore clean energy alternatives such as biogas...
Working PaperGlobal trends in the political economy of smart grids: A tailored perspective on ‘smart’ for grids in transition
The global transition towards sustainable, secure, and affordable electricity supply is driving changes in the consumption, production, and transportation of electricity...
Working PaperEuropean energy security: Challenges and green opportunities
This research reviews relevant literature on the current state and effectiveness of developing renewable energy on energy security in general, and on energy security in the European Union in particular...
Working PaperBorder adjustment mechanisms: Elements for economic, legal, and political analysis
This paper examines, from a multidisciplinary perspective, plausible hypotheses for implementation of border carbon adjustment mechanisms, seen as a complement to strong environmental regulation...Environmental justice International trade Political science
Working PaperThe social shaping of nuclear energy technology in South Africa
This paper analyses the question why the South African government intends to procure nuclear energy technology, despite affordable and accessible fossil and renewable energy alternatives...Environmental policy Renewable energy sources Technology