Quality adjusted measures of services in public schools
This study considers specification and estimation of cost functions in public schools. A number of production characteristics are included in the specification to control for observable differences between municipalities in the provision of their school services. Both parametric and non-parametric approaches are used to take into account the quality differences in school services. These approaches are then compared to the alternative output measure without any adjustment for quality differences. The sensitivity of different elasticities and returns to scale (RTS) measures with respect to alternative model specifications and quality adjustments are also analyzed. In the empirical section we examine performances of 286 Swedish municipalities in the production of primary and secondary school education during the 1992/3–1994/5 school years.