SOUTHMOD country report Ethiopia - ETMOD v3.1

This report documents ETMOD, the SOUTHMOD model developed for Ethiopia. The Ethiopian national team currently includes Adnan A. Shahir, Abas Mohammed Ali (Ministry of Planning and Development, Ethiopia), and Francesco Figari (University of Eastern Piedmont, Italy), who are responsible for the 2023 model update and this report. The results presented in this report are derived using ETMOD version 3.1, which is part of the SOUTHMOD bundle (SOUTHMOD_A2.0) and runs on EUROMOD software. 

The report describes the different tax-benefit policies in place, how the microsimulation model picks up these different provisions, and the database on which the model runs. It concludes with a validation of results against external data sources for Ethiopia.

The ETMOD model and its documentation in this country report has been prepared within the UNU-WIDER project SOUTHMOD—simulating tax and benefit policies for development (Phase 3), which is part of the Domestic Revenue Mobilization programme Phase II. For further information on access to the model, see the ETMOD page.


SOUTHMOD is a joint project between UNU-WIDER, Southern African Social Policy Research Insights (SASPRI), and the International Inequalities Institute at the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) in which tax–benefit microsimulation models for selected developing countries are being built. These models enable researchers and policy analysts to calculate, in a comparable manner, the effects of taxes and benefits on household incomes and work incentives for the population of each country.