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Publications (6073)

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Sam Hamer, Jeremy Seekings - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Competitive elections in many parts of Africa generate powerful incentives to presidential candidates (and to a lesser extent political parties) to brand themselves in ways that transcend regional or ethnic loyalties. In Malawi, Joyce Banda—President from 2012 to 2014—sought to...

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– Regional development versus national imperatives
Phumzile Ncube, Simon Roberts, Tatenda Zengeni - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper highlights the key strategies, both regional and domestic, that have led to the current structure of the poultry value chain in Southern Africa. While large firm strategies in poultry have been found to be regional in nature, and important regional developments in soybean production...

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Olle Östensson - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Local content policies in the context of extractive industries have attracted increased interest in recent years. Most countries with a significant extractive industry have included local content requirements either in their legislation or exploitation contracts. Such efforts may be...

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– The statistical tendencies
Alan R. Roe, Samantha Dodd - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper synthesizes statistical information evidencing the proposition that extractive industries are of great significance in many low- and middle-income developing economies. It examines the scale of the current dependence of low- and middle-income economies on both types of extractive...

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Phan Kim Dung - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Very little is known about the extent to which wage and employment offsetting behaviours change by firm size to mitigate the detrimental effects of minimum wage regulation. Do micro establishments react more aggressively to minimum wage shocks compared to small and medium establishments? To...

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Utteeyo Dasgupta, Subha Mani, Smriti Sharma, Saurabh Singhal - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

We exploit the variation in the admissions process across colleges of a leading Indian university to estimate the causal effects of enrolling in a selective college on: cognitive attainment using scores on standardized university exams; behavioural preferences such as risk, competitiveness, and...

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– Impacts on investments in education in post-war Uganda
Margherita Calderone - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper looks at the spillover effects of grants under the Youth Opportunities Programme (YOP) on human capital investments in conflict-affected Northern Uganda. The YOP grant was primarily aimed at providing start-up money to groups of underemployed young people, and in practice worked...

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– Evidence from manufacturing SMEs in Viet Nam
Thanh Tam Nguyen-Huu, Minh Nguyen-Khac, Quoc Tran-Nam - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This is a pioneer study investigating the relationship between environmental compliance and TFP convergence for SMEs. It examines the impacts of environmental compliance, and its combination with innovation, on TFP convergence of manufacturing SMEs. We applied the dynamic panel regression method...

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Carla Canelas, Rachel M. Gisselquist - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

With the second largest indigenous population by percentage in Latin America, Guatemala is an important case for understanding horizontal inequality and indigenous politics. This paper presents new analysis of survey data, allowing for consideration both of indigenous and ladino populations, as...

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Utteeyo Dasgupta, Subha Mani, Smriti Sharma, Saurabh Singhal - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

We design an experiment to examine whether egalitarian preferences, and in particular, behindness aversion as well as preference for favourable inequality affect competitive choices differently among males and females. We find that selection into competitive environments is: (a) negatively...

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Carlos Gradín - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

We extend the conventional framework for measuring segregation to consider stratification of occupations by gender, i.e. when women or men are predominantly segregated into low-paying jobs. For this, we propose to use concentration curves and indices. Our empirical analysis using this approach...

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Isaac Chinyoka - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Since 2000, Zimbabwe has been under some pressure to provide more fully for its children. It is not clear whether child poverty has worsened, although AIDS, drought, and economic mismanagement have all compromised poverty reduction. In any case, child poverty has come under increased scrutiny, in...

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– A look forward
William Stafford, Adrian Lotter, Alan Brent, Graham von Maltitz - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper assesses biofuels technology readiness and provides foresight to biofuels development in Southern Africa. Efficient conversion pathways, coupled with biomass from waste or high-yielding energy crops, reduces both the costs of biofuels production and the environmental impacts....

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– The case of the mobile money transfer industry
Dianah Ngui Muchai, Peter Kimuyu - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

The mobile money transfer industry has been the most successful information and communications technology-enabled service in Kenya, having recorded an exponential growth relative to its neighbours within the East Africa region. This could be attributed to Kenya’s status as a leading...

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– National oil companies as instruments of risk and reward
Patrick R.P. Heller - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

National oil companies tend to elicit unequivocal views. To political leaders within petroleum-producing countries, they often represent a sine qua non of a strategy capable of delivering long-term benefits to citizens. To many international analysts and donors, they represent vestiges of an...

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Christine Ngoc Ngo, Miao Chi - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper analyses the differentials of productive values in Vietnamese micro, small, and medium enterprises (MSMEs) and how market constraints have hindered their performance. Quantitative analyses suggest substantial differences in value addition among manufacturing MSMEs, and the crucial...

Displaying 16 of 6073 results.