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Publications (7740)

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– Insights from the Hrishipara diaries
Risto Rönkkö, Stuart Rutherford, Kunal Sen - World Development, 2022

We examine the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the livelihoods of the poor in a semi-rural setting in Bangladesh. We use an unusually rich dataset which tracks the economic and financial transactions of sixty poor and very poor individuals and their families on a daily real-time...

– How five African countries fared
Jesse Lastunen, Pia Rattenhuber, Rodrigo C. Oliveira - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

The number of people living in poverty around the world is estimated to have increased by half a billion people due to the COVID-19 crisis. The African continent has suffered at least US$100 billion in economic costs in 2020, measured by the reduction in trade revenues and financial flows due to...

– Concepts, methods, and determinants
Vegard Iversen, Anirudh Krishna, Kunal Sen - Oxford University Press, 2021

BOOK IN PRODUCTION — SCHEDULED FOR PUBLICATION DECEMBER 2021 | Social mobility — defined as the ability to move from a lower to a higher level of education or occupational status, or from a lower to a higher social class or income group — is the hope of economic development...

Blog
– The power of ideas & the limits of technocracy
Brian Levy - Working with the grain, 2021

What will it take to shake loose the distemper of our times, and initiate a virtuous spiral of renewal? In a recent UNU-WIDER webinar, Alan Hirsch and I explored why a narrow focus on growth and good governance will not be enough to get South Africa (and, by analogy, other countries similarly...

Ronald Waiswa, Jesse Lastunen, Gemma Wright, Michael Noble, Joseph Okello Ayo, Milly Isingoma Nalukwago, Tina Kaidu Barugahara, Susan Kavuma, Isaac Arinaitwe, Martin Mwesigye, Wilson Asiimwe, Pia Rattenhuber - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Presumptive tax, a final tax on business income, was introduced in Uganda in 1997. It has been reformed several times since its conception. The latest reform in July 2020 sought to make the presumptive regime more progressive, simpler and fairer to small firms. The revised rates have however...

– Simulating potential Cash Plus reforms
Katrin Gasior, David McLennan, Mbewe Kalikeka, Miselo Bwalya, Maria Jouste - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

A large share of the population in Zambia is living below the national poverty line, with most of them being extremely poor. In a bid to improve the social and economic situation, the Zambian government introduced the Social Cash Transfer (SCT) programme which provides cash payments to poor and...

– Evidence from risk-based tax examinations
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Risk-based approaches are becoming commonplace for tax authorities as a tool for enforcement. Improvements in technology, technological adoption and in some cases machine learning, hold great promise for finding the taxpayers who are most likely to avoid taxes, thus improving the detection...

Blog
Atiqah Fairuz Salleh, Pia Rattenhuber - UNU-FLORES, 2021 - Dresden, Germany

How do crises such as the COVID-19 pandemic influence inequality and the other way around? This year’s UN Day Dresden put a spotlight on “Inequalities in Crises”. In an interview, we got up close and personal with our keynote speaker Dr Pia Rattenhuber (UNU-WIDER), an expert in...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– Support networks and racial inequality in Namibia
Annalena Oppel - World Development, 2021

Community support is a critical source to sustain livelihoods in the Global South. At the same time, these practices can exhibit unequal dynamics such as disincentives, hierarchies, or adverse inclusion of individuals. However, an understanding of such is primarily tied to the conceptual space of...

Working Paper pdf
Michael Kilumelume, Bruno Morando, Carol Newman, John Rand - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

An often-neglected potential negative consequence of tariffs is the impact they may have on the misallocation of factor inputs. Trade protection can provide space for domestic firms to increase prices and mark-ups, allowing low-productivity firms to survive, thereby leading to a sub-optimal...

Working Paper pdf
Amina Ebrahim, C. Friedrich Kreuser, Michael Kilumelume - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper presents version 4.0 of the CIT-IRP5 firm-level panel dataset. Version 4.0 is the latest edition of the firm-level component of the combined administrative data using sources from the South African Revenue Service. We show that differences in forms and vintages do generally not...

Working Paper pdf
Abdul A. Erumban, Gaaitzen de Vries - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper proposes an empirical framework that relates poverty reduction to production growth. We use the GGDC/UNU-WIDER Economic Transformation Database to measure the contribution to growth of productivity improvements within sectors and structural change—the reallocation of workers...

Working Paper pdf
Tu Thi Ngoc Le, Ngoc Thi Bich Pham - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This study seeks to determine the effect on the gender employment gap and women’s employment of the extension of maternity leave from four months to six months in Viet Nam’s 2012 Labor Code. To identify this effect, labour market outcomes of groups of women and men are compared. We...

Working Paper pdf
Kyle McNabb, Michael Danquah, Abrams M.E. Tagem - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Attention on domestic resource mobilization—particularly in developing countries—has increased significantly in recent years. This stems from, among other things, recognition in the Sustainable Development Goals that further domestic funding is required for development needs, and the...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from Mexican municipalities
Ana L. De La O - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Does clientelism perpetuate the weak state capacity that characterizes many young democracies? Prior work explains that clientelist parties skew public spending to private goods and under-supply public goods. Building on these insights, this article argues that clientelism creates a...

Working Paper pdf
Michael Danquah, Bazoumana Ouattara - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

A plethora of work has been done on the effectiveness of foreign aid. However, virtually none of the previous studies has investigated the impact of aid on social cohesion. Yet, in order to promote the achievement of the targets in SDG 16, donors and global partners of developing countries...

Displaying 16 of 7740 results.