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Publications (6188)

Katrina Jurva - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

The international community rarely calls for a revolution. In this case, it has. A data revolution, says UNU-WIDER Director Finn Tarp. Viet Nam has seen large changes to its economy since the advent of doi moi, the new beginning, in the 1980s. Poverty levels are significantly down...

Working Paper pdf
Sally Murray - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper argues that new technologies—for communication, such as mobile phones and the internet, but also for manufacturing, agriculture, energy, and transport—have the potential to bridge many of the productivity gaps between sub-Saharan Africa and more advanced developing and...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from an artefactual field experiment in rural Uganda
Ben D’Exelle, Christine Gutekunst, Arno Riedl - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

We study gender differences in bilateral bargaining using an artefactual field experiment in rural Uganda, through variation in gender composition of bargaining pairs and in disclosure of identities. Disagreement is common independently of disclosure condition, but less frequent among female-only...

Report pdf
– ECUAMOD v1.0
H. Xavier Jara, Mauricio Cuesta, Marcelo Varela, César Amores - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This report documents ECUAMOD, the SOUTHMOD model developed for Ecuador. This work was carried out by the ISER in collaboration with the Instituto de Altos Estudios Nacionales. The results presented in this report are derived using ECUAMOD version 1.0 running on EUROMOD software. The report...

Tony Addison - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

It’s early July and I’m back in Maputo, Mozambique, looking over the calm sea at the boats that fish the waters for the seafood that makes visiting this part of Africa such a treat. The sunset here is a delicate combination of pale turquoise, light grey, and warm pink. Coming from the...

Working Paper pdf
Celia M. Reyes, Christian D. Mina, Ronina D. Asis - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper contributes to the scant body of literature on inequalities among and within ethnic groups in the Philippines by examining both the vertical and horizontal measures in terms of opportunities in accessing basic services such as education, electricity, safe water, and sanitation. The...

Working Paper pdf
– Accounting for underreported consumption
Channing Arndt, Kristi Mahrt - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Household budget surveys in sub-Saharan Africa are designed to facilitate poverty measurement and may fail to fully capture consumption in wealthy households. As a result, inequality is likely underestimated. We address upper tier consumption underreporting by aligning consumption derived from...

Working Paper pdf
John R. Bowen - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper considers arguments about Islam and women’s welfare, and, at greater length, how legal systems with Islamic elements treat women, with a focus on how women fare in Islamic family courts. Key methodological issues include how to focus on real-world views and practices rather...

Working Paper pdf
Isaac Kalonda Kanyama - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

We analyse horizontal inequality in wealth and in years of education in the Democratic Republic of the Congo over the period 2001–13. We find that the trend in horizontal inequality is similar to the trend in vertical inequality over the period of analysis. In addition, horizontal...

Working Paper pdf
– New African oil, gas, and mining economies
Sophie Witter, Maja Jakobsen - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper examines a broad range of opportunities for addressing the pressing human development needs of low-income countries by using new oil, gas, and mineral discoveries. It assesses how much of an impact can be made on the funding gaps for health and education by new oil and gas revenues,...

Working Paper pdf
Channing Arndt, Kristi Mahrt, Caroline Schimanski - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Poverty–growth elasticities are frequently calculated to provide insight into the inclusiveness of the growth process. Mathematically, the formula employed to calculate the growth elasticity of poverty leads to lower values for higher initial poverty rates, ceteris paribus. This paper...

Working Paper pdf
Magnus Ericsson, Olof Löf - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

In several low- and middle-income countries with important extractive sectors, gross national income has developed favourably. Africa has benefitted most, particularly West Africa. This survey provides an up-to-date statistical analysis of the contribution of non-fuel minerals mining to low- and...

– Are private facilities better?
Sarah Hodin - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Part of Journal Special Issue Measuring quality of care

Working Paper pdf
Kehinde Ajayi, Nana Akua Anyidoho - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

We examine gender differences in ambitions and expectations of jobseekers concerning self-employment, an increasingly proposed option for youth in economies with limited wage employment. Analysing survey data on 2,036 tertiary graduates in Ghana, we find that males have a stronger preference for...

Working Paper pdf
– Indigenous opposition to wind farm development in Mexico
Courtney Jung - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

In less than a decade, foreign investors have erected more than 3,200 wind turbines across the Isthmus of Techuantepec investing billions of dollars and generating more than 90 per cent of Mexico’s wind energy. The isthmus is also home to more than one thousand indigenous communities whose...

– Spotlight on the Global Learning Laboratory for Quality Universal Health Coverage
Nana Mensah Abrampah - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Part of Journal Special Issue Measuring quality of care

Displaying 16 of 6188 results.