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Publications (7495)

Working Paper pdf
Henrik Hansen, John Rand, Neda Trifković - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Employer-provided benefits are independent elements in the compensation packages that make up firms’ payment strategies. Such benefits are aimed at attracting and retaining preferred employees and improving incentives. In Myanmar, there are two employee benefit systems: (1) an...

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– Evidence from Ghana
Michael Danquah, Abdul Malik Iddrisu, Ernest Owusu Boakye, Solomon Owusu - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Using household data from the latest wave of the Ghana Living Standards Survey, this paper utilizes machine learning techniques to examine the effect of gender wage differences within households on women’s empowerment and welfare in Ghana. The structural parameters of the post-double...

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– Rents, issues, methods, and data availability
Anton Löf, Olof Löf, Magnus Ericsson - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

The focus of this study is rent in the diamond industry. Based on extensive datasets and a discussion of all relevant costs, we present resource rent statistics from the diamond industry in key producer countries in emerging economies such as Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of the Congo,...

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Elineema Kisanga, Vincent Leyaro, Wahabi Matengo, Michael Noble, Helen Barnes, Gemma Wright - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper explores the distributional impact of lowering the value-added tax rate for standard-rated items in Tanzania Mainland. Using a static tax-benefit microsimulation model—TAZMOD—which is underpinned by data derived from the Household Budget Survey 2017/18, reductions in...

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– Evidence from India
Sudipa Sarkar - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper analyses whether living in a locality with high crime against women affects the probability of early marriage—that is, marriage before the legal age of marriage of girls. We hypothesize that parents who perceive themselves to live in a high-crime locality would marry their...

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Sandra Kristine Halvorsen - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Manufacturing industry expansion is a central part of Ethiopia’s growth and transformation agenda due to its potential for accelerated economic development and large-scale job creation, in particular for women. However, the industry is experiencing extremely high labour turnover rates,...

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Roseline Misati, Kethi Ngoka - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This study sought to examine the main constraints to manufacturing export competitiveness in Tanzania. Using panel data for the period 1997–2018, the study established that supply-side factors dominate demand-side factors in explaining manufacturing export competitiveness. Specifically,...

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Ines A. Ferreira, Rachel M. Gisselquist, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Countering recent rises in many countries of inequality in income and wealth is widely recognized as a major development challenge. This is so from an ethical perspective and because greater inequality is perceived to be detrimental to key development aims. Still, an informed debate on the...

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– Evidence from Latin American countries
Inés Berniell, Lucila Berniell, Dolores de la Mata, Mariá Edo, Mariana Marchionni - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

We study the causal effect of motherhood on labour market outcomes in Latin America by adopting an event study approach around the birth of the first child based on panel data from national household surveys for Chile, Mexico, Peru, and Uruguay. Our main contributions are: (i) providing new...

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Anustup Kundu, Kunal Sen - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Most studies of intergenerational mobility focus on adjacent generations, and there is limited knowledge about multigenerational mobility—that is, status transmission across three generations. We examine multigenerational educational and occupational mobility in India, using a nationally...

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Dukhabandhu Sahoo, Auro Kumar Sahoo, Jayanti Behera, Diptimayee Mishra, Phendulwa Zikhona Makunga - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper aims to decompose the sources of growth in economies in the Southern African region’s Common Monetary Area and in the provinces of South Africa. Decomposition results for the Common Monetary Area reveal that the growth of aggregate and sectoral gross domestic product is driven...

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M Niaz Asadullah, Nudrat Faria Shreya, Zaki Wahhaj - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Although microfinance started as a movement to improve women’s economic well-being through increased female entrepreneurship in particular, its impact on women’s attitudes toward and participation in the labour market is not fully understood. We fill this gap by combining data on...

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– A gender comparison
Priyanka Harrichurran, Claire Vermaak, Colette Muller - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This study considers how household composition influences the leisure time of men and women in South Africa, using the South African 2010 Time Use Survey. Studying leisure time is important since the allocation of time outside the market provides insights into market behaviour and physical and...

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Hagen Kruse, Emmanuel Mensah, Kunal Sen, Gaaitzen de Vries - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper examines industrialization trends in developing countries. It uses the GGDC/UNU-WIDER Economic Transformation Database, which provides time series of employment and real and nominal value added annually by 12 sectors in 51 countries for the period 1990–2018. Until the early...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from Ghana
Simone Schotte, Michael Danquah, Robert Darko Osei, Kunal Sen - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

In this paper, we provide causal evidence of the impact of stringent lockdown policies on labour market outcomes at both the extensive and intensive margins, using Ghana as a case study. We take advantage of a specific policy setting, in which strict stay-at-home orders were issued and...

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– A validation exercise and an application to cross-sectional survey data
Vincenzo Salvucci, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

In this paper we first validate the use of the synthetic panels technique in the context of the 2014/15 intra-year panel survey data for Mozambique, and then apply the same technique to the 1996/97, 2002/03, 2008/09, and 2014/15 cross-sectional household budget surveys for the same country. We...

Displaying 32 of 7495 results.