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Publications (7282)

– The impact of COVID-19 on the transition of young Mozambicans from school to work
Ivan Manhique, Gimelgo Xirinda - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Since appearing in 2019, the COVID-19 pandemic has plunged the world into an unprecedented health and socioeconomic crisis. In response, during the second half of March 2020, the government of Mozambique enacted several measures (in force until now) to guarantee social distancing, with the aim of...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
Carlos Gradín - Journal of Economic Inequality, 2020

In this study, I quantify the contribution of a subpopulation to inequality. This is defined as the sum of the contributions of its members, with these contributions computed as the impact on inequality of a small increase in the population mass at each point of the distribution (using the...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– New evidence on the relationship between structural transformation and inequality
Çinar Baymul, Kunal Sen - Journal of Development Studies, 2020

We examine the Kuznets postulate that structural transformation leads to higher inequality using comparable panel data for a large number of developing and developed countries for 1960–2012. Countries are in different stages of structural transformation, being either structurally...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– Structural transformation, income inequality and employment dynamics
Kunal Sen, Andy Sumner, Arief Yusuf - Journal of Development Studies, 2020

ARTICLE ON EARLY VIEW: This article focuses on structural transformation, employment, and inequality dynamics. The papers revisit in different ways the seminal works of the pioneers of what can be referred to as the ‘classical school’ of development economics. First, the work of W...

Working Paper pdf
Carlos Gradín - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

In this paper, we use the World Income Inequality Database to assess the main trends in inequality within countries since around 1990. We cope with the heterogeneity in the original information (regarding the measure of resources, equivalence scale, etc.) by focusing on the trends rather than...

Working Paper pdf
– A multiplier decomposition analysis for Myanmar
Dirk van Seventer, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper considers the impacts of agro-industry development and international trade on income distribution in Myanmar, focusing on low-income rural households. We use a social accounting matrix multiplier (SAM) decomposition model featuring detailed economic linkages. After describing the...

Working Paper pdf
Arusha Cooray, Chandan Kumar Jha, Bibhudutta Panda - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

While the effects of corruption on bilateral trade have been relatively well explored, its effect on the composition of trading partners has not been studied. In this paper, we argue that corruption in a country is likely to impose asymmetric costs on its trading partners depending on their...

Working Paper pdf
Anne Kamau, Maureen Odongo - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

The implementation of a Single Customs Territory by East African Community countries is intended to ease the movement of goods across borders by cutting costs and time through harmonization and simplification of customs documents, removal of burdensome customs procedures, and automation of...

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– The case of Tanzania
Maureen Were, Lekinyi Mollel - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Rising public debt in sub-Saharan Africa remains a matter of concern. We provide an analysis of public debt and debt sustainability in Tanzania, focusing on external debt. Though current and previous analyses using the IMF-World Bank debt sustainability framework indicate low risk of public...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from Cameroon
Rose Fontep, Kunal Sen - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

We examine the intergenerational mobility of women relative to men, using paired mother-daughter and father-son data on occupation and education for Cameroon. We find that both in occupation and education, intergenerational mobility is higher for sons than for daughters. The intergenerational...

Working Paper pdf
Rumman Khan, Oliver Morrissey - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper uses three waves of Tanzanian National Panel Surveys (2008/09, 2010/11, and 2012/13) to construct a panel from 3,676 households that appear in at least two waves to explore the effect of income diversification on household welfare measured in terms of food consumption. The analysis...

Working Paper pdf
– Lessons and consequences
Wim Naudé, Ricardo Vinuesa - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

The COVID-19 pandemic holds at least seven lessons for the relationship between data-driven decision making, the use of artificial intelligence, and development. These are that (1) in a global crisis, the shifting value of data creates policy pitfalls; (2) predictions of crises and how they...

– Three guiding principles for a better deal
Marty Chen - , 0

The world is facing an existential crisis that poses challenging questions: whether to put people and nature before owners of capital and technology; whether to protect the rights of the disadvantaged or the interests of the elite. This is a defining moment to follow the call for racial and...

– Aggregate population health and COVID-19
Sanjay Reddy - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

The world has been shaken by unprecedented efforts in the name of public health. But, efforts to arrest COVID-19 were not initially formulated with a comprehensive view of the public health in mind. These policies must be adjusted and revisited if they are to promote public health holistically...

– Why is 'Resetting the international monetary (non)system' one of the most popular economic titles at Oxford University Press?
José Antonio Ocampo - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

The UNU-WIDER book ‘Resetting the International Monetary (Non)system’ by José Antonio Ocampo was recently ranked among the top ten economics books on Oxford Scholarship Online. Like all of UNU-WIDER’s publications, the book is free Open Access. In it, Professor Ocampo...

Kunal Sen - The Conversation UK , 2020 - United Kingdom

Before coronavirus, inequality was already increasing in many parts of the developing world. But the pandemic is going to greatly heighten existing economic and social inequalities. Here are five of the main ways inequality is heightening around the world. 1. Jobs The pandemic has...

Displaying 32 of 7282 results.