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Publications (7414)

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– Evidence from a quasi-experiment in Ghana
Emmanuel Adu Boahen, Kwadwo Opoku, Simone Schotte - Journal of International Development, 2021

THIS ARTICLE IS ON EARLY VIEW. This study provides new evidence on the effect of shortening the duration of pre‐university education on long‐term labour market outcomes in Ghana, exploiting the education reform of 1987 as a natural experiment. Our results indicate that the drastic cut in...

Rachel M. Gisselquist - , 0

The last several months have given us many reasons to worry about US democracy – not least the riot at the US Capitol and the president’s refusal to accept the results of the November election, with Republican support. Rachel Gisselquist argues that clientelism is yet another reason...

Gaaitzen de Vries - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Next month, the Groningen Growth and Development Center (GGDC) and UNU-WIDER Economic Transformation Database (ETD) will be launched. The new database provides crucial information on changes in the economic structure of economies across Africa, Asia, and Latin America. Preliminary findings...

– Global value chains and transaction-level customs data
Giovanni Pasquali - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Over 70% of global trade goes through global value chains (GVCs). For firms in developing countries, insertion into GVCs has been associated with economic and social benefits. Yet, critics also point to power imbalances between lead firms in developed countries and supplier firms in the Global...

Arusha Cooray - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Sri Lanka, like the Nordic countries, is a social democratic nation with a strong welfare state. It is classified as a ‘high human development’ country by the United Nations, with a human development index above the average of 0.76 for countries in the same income classification....

Aimable Nsabimana - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Economics researcher Aimable Nsabimana shares the relevance and inspiration behind his recent work with UNU-WIDER on climate change and human development in Tanzania. How can research contribute to the wellbeing in Africa?  In 2019, I spent some months at UNU-WIDER in Helsinki as a...

Kunal Sen - ESID, 2021

Director of UNU-WIDER, Professor Kunal Sen is a world leading expert in development economics and led on ESID’s research into economic growth. In this blog he outlines some of our main findings and positions on the value and drivers of economic growth, based on nearly a decade of research...

Journal Article
– An empirical analysis
Krishna Chaitanya Vadlamannati, Arusha Cooray, Indra de Soysa - Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 2021

THIS ARTICLE IS ON EARLY VIEW. The COVID-19 pandemic has led to a spate of studies showing a close connection between inequitable access to health care, welfare services and adverse outcomes from the pandemic. Others have argued that democratic governments have generally failed relative to more...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– Does the political regime matter?
Shrabani Saha, Kunal Sen - Journal of Institutional Economics, 2021

THIS ARTICLE IS ON EARLY VIEW. Corruption is widely believed to have an adverse effect on the economic performance of a country. However, many East and Southeast Asian countries either achieved or currently are achieving impressively rapid economic growth despite widespread corruption...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
Michael Danquah, Kunal Sen - Small Business Economics, 2021

THIS ARTICLE IS ON EARLY VIEW. In many low-income transition countries, where formal institutions such as courts do not function effectively, informal institutions are often used by firms to minimize transaction risks. We examine the role of informal institutions, in the forms of relational...

Working Paper pdf
Roxana Maurizio, Ana Paula Monsalvo - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper studies the incidence and heterogeneity of labour informality in six Latin American countries—Argentina, Brazil, Ecuador, Mexico, Paraguay, and Peru. We divide workers into five work statuses: formal wage-employed, formal self-employed, upper-tier informal wage-employed, lower...

Working Paper pdf
– A reconceptualization of natural resource value in the era of climate change
Amir Lebdioui - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Underlying the management of revenues from natural resource extraction is a set of assumptions about how abundant and how valuable these resources are. Nevertheless, existing approaches to measuring the value of extractive resources are seriously flawed. This paper proposes two avenues for...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from Ugandan administrative tax data
Maria Jouste, Milly I. Nalukwago, Ronald Waiswa - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper conducts an impact evaluation of the effects of two tax administration interventions—a taxpayer register expansion and education programme, and a new electronic filing system for presumptive tax—on the number of small business taxpayers and presumptive tax revenues in...

Working Paper pdf
– Supply vs demand factors
Sonia Bhalotra, Manuel Fernández - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

We estimate the relative importance of alternative labour supply and demand mechanisms in explaining the rise of female labour force participation over the last 55 years in Mexico. The growth of female labour force participation in Mexico between 1960 and 2015 followed an S-shape, with a...

Working Paper pdf
– Implications for employment and inequality in Argentina, 2003–19
Roxana Maurizio, Ana Paula Monsalvo - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

The aim of this paper is to identify the scope and patterns of the structural transformation as evidenced by changes in occupations and their task content, and their impact on employment, earnings and income distribution in Argentina during the new millennium. Results show that the changes in...

Displaying 16 of 7414 results.