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Publications (6079)

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– Evidence from rural Tanzania
Kacana Sipangule - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

The last decade has witnessed an increase in the interest in agricultural land in developing countries. While a great deal of attention has been paid to understanding the impacts of this increased interest in agricultural land, very little is known about how local smallholder communities are...

UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Climate change is one of the most complex and urgent of global issues due to its potential impacts and the policies and measures needed to address those impacts. Both are potential game changers for the Earth’s biosphere, ways of life, and economic development into the twenty-first century...

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– A progress report
Jaime de Melo, Mariem Nouar, Jean-Marc Solleder - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper reviews integration among the eight African Regional Economic Communities by comparing their characteristics and progress with three other South–South Regional Integration Arrangements.  Three conclusions emerge: (i) slow progress towards meeting overly ambitious...

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James M. Otto - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

A large mining project has the potential to be a partner in assisting local communities in their development efforts. Communities located in close proximity to a large mine have every right to expect that the project will benefit their community. Often, reality falls short of their expectations...

Working Paper pdf
– The gender effect on microcredit renewal
Mathilde Bauwin, Walid Jbili - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Whereas most research into microfinance tends to focus on the impact of access to such services, very little pays attention to what happens over time once a person becomes a client. The paper aims at analysing the conditions of loan renewals as most microfinance institutions foster client...

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– Experience from Southern Africa
Graham von Maltitz - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Southern African countries’ interest in biofuel is due of its rural development potential. Finding models to optimize this benefit is therefore paramount. High-energy-density crops with low perishability allow farmers to grow small quantities on existing lands. Highly perishable, low-...

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Sam Hamer, Jeremy Seekings - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Competitive elections in many parts of Africa generate powerful incentives to presidential candidates (and to a lesser extent political parties) to brand themselves in ways that transcend regional or ethnic loyalties. In Malawi, Joyce Banda—President from 2012 to 2014—sought to...

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– Regional development versus national imperatives
Phumzile Ncube, Simon Roberts, Tatenda Zengeni - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper highlights the key strategies, both regional and domestic, that have led to the current structure of the poultry value chain in Southern Africa. While large firm strategies in poultry have been found to be regional in nature, and important regional developments in soybean production...

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Olle Östensson - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Local content policies in the context of extractive industries have attracted increased interest in recent years. Most countries with a significant extractive industry have included local content requirements either in their legislation or exploitation contracts. Such efforts may be...

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– The statistical tendencies
Alan R. Roe, Samantha Dodd - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper synthesizes statistical information evidencing the proposition that extractive industries are of great significance in many low- and middle-income developing economies. It examines the scale of the current dependence of low- and middle-income economies on both types of extractive...

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Phan Kim Dung - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Very little is known about the extent to which wage and employment offsetting behaviours change by firm size to mitigate the detrimental effects of minimum wage regulation. Do micro establishments react more aggressively to minimum wage shocks compared to small and medium establishments? To...

Working Paper pdf
Utteeyo Dasgupta, Subha Mani, Smriti Sharma, Saurabh Singhal - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

We exploit the variation in the admissions process across colleges of a leading Indian university to estimate the causal effects of enrolling in a selective college on: cognitive attainment using scores on standardized university exams; behavioural preferences such as risk, competitiveness, and...

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– Impacts on investments in education in post-war Uganda
Margherita Calderone - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper looks at the spillover effects of grants under the Youth Opportunities Programme (YOP) on human capital investments in conflict-affected Northern Uganda. The YOP grant was primarily aimed at providing start-up money to groups of underemployed young people, and in practice worked...

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– Evidence from manufacturing SMEs in Viet Nam
Thanh Tam Nguyen-Huu, Minh Nguyen-Khac, Quoc Tran-Nam - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This is a pioneer study investigating the relationship between environmental compliance and TFP convergence for SMEs. It examines the impacts of environmental compliance, and its combination with innovation, on TFP convergence of manufacturing SMEs. We applied the dynamic panel regression method...

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Carla Canelas, Rachel M. Gisselquist - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

With the second largest indigenous population by percentage in Latin America, Guatemala is an important case for understanding horizontal inequality and indigenous politics. This paper presents new analysis of survey data, allowing for consideration both of indigenous and ladino populations, as...

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Utteeyo Dasgupta, Subha Mani, Smriti Sharma, Saurabh Singhal - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

We design an experiment to examine whether egalitarian preferences, and in particular, behindness aversion as well as preference for favourable inequality affect competitive choices differently among males and females. We find that selection into competitive environments is: (a) negatively...

Displaying 16 of 6079 results.