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Publications (6804)

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
Graham von Maltitz, Giles Henley, Mike Ogg, Paul C. Samboko, Alexandros Gasparatos, Matt Read, Francois Engelbrecht, Abubakari Ahmed - Development Southern Africa, 2019

Management models are needed that empower local communities to produce biofuel feedstock in a manner that drives rural development. Much can be learnt through the accumulated experiences of sugarcane outgrower schemes in southern Africa. Early schemes provided limited empowerment, but...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
William Stafford, Adrian Lotter, Graham von Maltitz, Alan Brent - Development Southern Africa, 2019

The benefits of biofuels depend on the feedstock, conversion pathway and local context. This paper assesses biofuels technology readiness and developments to provide foresight to biofuels development in Southern Africa. Efficient conversion pathways, coupled with biomass from waste or high-...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– An opportunity for regional integration?
Channing Arndt, Giles Henley, Faaiqa Hartley - Development Southern Africa, 2019

This introductory paper sets out the rationale for revisiting questions surrounding biofuel futures in Southern Africa and exploring the case for the establishment of a regional market. This contrasts with most research that has focused upon benefits and risks of production and consumption for...

This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
Channing Arndt, Giles Henley, Faaiqa Hartley - Development Southern Africa, 2019

This journal special issue revisits questions surrounding biofuel futures in Southern Africa and explores the case for the establishment of a regional market. The analysis in this issue suggests that while benefits exist, the key challenges that have stifled production and consumption to...

– Five key policies assessed
Kunal Sen - The Conversation, 2019

When Narendra Modi became India’s prime minister in spring 2014 the Indian economy was in the doldrums. There was a clear policy paralysis in India’s central government, in large part due to the high profile corruption cases that involved the central government bureaucracy and...

– The potential electoral consequences of demonetisation
Kunal Sen - Asia Dialog, 2019

In the campaign leading up to the Lok Sabha elections in spring 2014, one of the more important promises that Narendra Modi made was to ‘clean up’ the economy by bringing back to India all the illicit money that was purportedly stashed away overseas. After coming into power, the...

Antonio Savoia, Roberto Ricciuti, Kunal Sen - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

In many less developed countries, there is little problem identifying the need for public investment in programmes aimed at improving things such as infrastructure, health and education. The problem comes in delivering them. An important factor in whether these kinds of programmes are...

– Progress on equality thwarted by slow growth and success of top earners
Murray Leibbrandt, Timothy Shipp - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

South Africa has the highest rate of measured inequality in the world. Often thought to be a legacy of the apartheid system, inequality in South Africa has stubbornly persisted.  South Africa’s position as highest inequality country in the world has not changed Progressive...

– Inclusive growth trend of this millennium is over
Marcelo Neri - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

After three decades of persistently high inequality, Brazil has been experiencing a downward trend since 2001, accompanied by a rise in household incomes. These trends lasted until 2014 when a major reversal took place on both fronts. Since the 1970s Brazil has been one of the most unequal...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– Investigating the qualitative-quantitative divide in Mozambique
Sam Jones, Inge Tvedten - World Development, 2019

Motivated by the siloed nature of much poverty research, as well as the challenge of finding inclusive operational definitions of poverty, this study reflects on the merits of seeking to reconcile economic (quantitative) and anthropological (qualitative) analytical approaches. Drawing on...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
Carlos Gradín - Review of Development Economics, 2019

This paper investigates progress in reducing the high level of racial stratification of occupations after apartheid in South Africa. Empirical analysis, using census microdata and Labour Force Surveys, does not provide compelling evidence of sustained or significant desegregation. Occupations...

Working Paper pdf
Andrew Kerr, Martin Wittenberg - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Traditionally, analysts of the South African labour market have used household survey data to describe earnings and employment in the post-Apartheid period. More recently, administrative data from the South African Revenue Service has been made available, which allows for comparisons and an...

Working Paper pdf
– Manufacturing firms in South Africa
Carol Newman, John Rand, Mpho Tsebe - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Misallocation of labour and capital can greatly reduce aggregate productivity. In this study, we use tax administrative data to examine the extent of resource misallocation in the South African context. In addition, we zoom in on how different government incentives affect the allocation (or...

Working Paper pdf
– An agenda
Aroop Chatterjee - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Understanding wealth inequality has unique significance in South Africa. The co-existence of extreme poverty and extreme wealth is starkly visible. Apartheid-era inequality has persisted despite more than 20 years of democracy. Much of the research on inequality has focused on inequality of...

Working Paper pdf
Nicholas Apergis, Arusha Cooray - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

The goal of this paper is to examine the impact of human rights on income distribution and poverty by exploring how both aid and trade can influence poverty and income distribution through human rights. The analysis employs data for 125 countries and uses a number of panel data methods. The...

Working Paper pdf
– Empirical evidence from Indian manufacturing firms
Karishma Banga - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper examines whether digitalization can be a driver of ‘upgrading’ in global value chains and help developing countries move into higher value-added activities. In particular, the paper provides empirical evidence on the impact of digital capabilities on product upgrading in...

Displaying 32 of 6804 results.