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Publications (7578)

Working Paper pdf
Maureen Were, Maureen Odongo, Caroline Israel - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Although Tanzania has made notable progress in enhancing access to financial services, the gender gap in financial inclusion persists. This paper examines gender disparities in financial inclusion in Tanzania using descriptive and regression analyses. While the advent of mobile phone money...

Working Paper pdf
– A gendered life-course perspective
Yeshwas Admasu, Gina Crivello, Catherine Porter - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

We investigate the causes of the gender disparity in labour market participation in Ethiopia using iterative quantitative and qualitative longitudinal analysis through the whole childhood of the individual into early adulthood, from age 8 up to age 25. Multilevel survival analysis shows that...

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– Insights from a digital matching platform in Mozambique
Sam Jones, Ivan Manhique - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Despite the severe negative economic shock associated with the COVID-19 pandemic, evidence from many contexts points to a surge in sales on online platforms, as well as shifts in the composition of demand. This paper investigates how the pandemic has affected both the supply of and demand for...

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Giulia Barletta, Finório Castigo, Eva-Maria Egger, Michael Keller, Vincenzo Salvucci, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This study assesses the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and the state of emergency implemented by the Government of Mozambique on household consumption poverty. To predict changes in income and the associated effects on poverty and inequality, we rely on macroeconomic impacts estimated by Betho...

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– A social accounting matrix approach
Rosário Betho, Marcia Chelengo, Sam Jones, Michael Keller, Ibraimo Hassane Mussagy, Dirk van Seventer, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This study aims to assess the economic costs of COVID-19 and the state of emergency implemented by the Government of Mozambique, relying on a social accounting matrix. It produces numerical results that represent the direct effect on (or ‘shocks’ to) the economy associated with the...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from the Caribbean countries
Inmaculada Martínez-Zarzoso, Maria C. Lo Bue - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper investigates whether firm performance differs significantly when comparing firms with female and male top managers in the Caribbean region. We use survey data with detailed information on gender for firms in 13 Caribbean countries. Our methodology is based on Blinder–Oaxaca...

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Susan Stokes - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

There are sound theoretical reasons to expect clientelism to suppress economic growth: politicians who garner support by offering employment to voters and grassroots party members can do so more effectively when the voters’ participation constraint is met with low wages. Hence, clientelism...

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– Evidence from matched employer–employee data
Paolo Falco, Francesca Gioia, Neda Trifković - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

The quality of people’s jobs is a fundamental determinant of their well-being, and judging the state of a labour market on the basis of job quantity alone delivers a very partial picture. This study is an attempt to place the spotlight on the working conditions of workers in the Myanmar...

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– Evidence from Idai
Peter Fisker, David Malmgren-Hansen, Thomas Pave Sohnesen - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Cyclone Idai, the most devastating cyclone ever recorded in Southern Africa, caused havoc in large parts of central Mozambique, especially the port city of Beira, upon its landfall in March 2019. This study reviews and compares measurements of the impact, using various sources of remote sensing...

Working Paper pdf
Isaac Otoo, Michael Danquah - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

In this paper, we estimate the efficiency of Metropolitan, Municipal, and District Assemblies (MMDAs) in Ghana, and investigate the impact of fiscal decentralization on the efficiency of local public goods and services delivery by MMDAs. Using data from composite budgets of all 216 MMDAs, we...

UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

The year 2020 promised to be a big year for UNU-WIDER, with the celebration of its 35th anniversary, the 45th birthday of the United Nations University (UNU), and 75 years of the UN. But as the year began, the Institute’s focus quickly shifted away from celebrations and towards the more...

Michael Danquah, Sefa Awaworyi Churchill - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Informal activities are widespread in many developing countries. In many sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries informal economic activities account for more than one-third of economic output and more than two-thirds of employment. Workers engaged in informal activities tend to be less productive...

Shireen AlAzzawi, Vladimir Hlasny - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Youth (those aged 15–29) in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) face notoriously precarious employment prospects. Youth unemployment is the highest in the world — currently 23% in Arab States and 30% in Northern Africa in 2019, and nondecreasing.1 Unemployment among young...

Lourenço S. Paz, Rita K. Almeida, Jennifer P. Poole - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Globalization has generally coincided with a rise in work outside the formal economy, intensifying job precarization — when high-quality, formal jobs that entitle workers to benefits are replaced by jobs which may not comply with regulations and offer fewer benefits. In a recent study of...

Kunal Sen - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Informality is a pervasive phenomenon in the labour markets of developing countries. Two billion workers, representing 61.2 per cent of the world’s employed population, are in informal employment. Emerging and developing countries account for more than 93 per cent of total global informal...

Eva-Maria Egger - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

In a recent study, my co-authors and I propose a new way to measure informality by household, rather than by individual worker. We find that such an approach —a household-level ‘depth of informality’ metric— can have important consequences for making and evaluating...

Displaying 32 of 7578 results.