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Publications (6792)

UNU-WIDER, Ivandra Ismael Vieira, Gerson Paris Baza, Silvana Mondlane - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki

At the beginning of this decade, large offshore natural gas fields were discovered in north-east Mozambique. Investment is now flowing into the country, and a boom in the natural gas sector is expected. According to estimates from Mozambique’s Ministry of Economy and Finance, additional tax...

Björn Gustafsson, Haiyuan Wan - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

From an international perspective, growth in average wages has been very impressive in urban China during recent decades. Average wages were about ten times as high in 2013 as in 1988. But how has wage inequality evolved during this period? Wage inequality increased rapidly in urban China...

UNU-WIDER, Gimelgo Xirinda, Esmeralda Napaua - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki

At the beginning of this decade, large offshore natural gas fields were discovered in north-east Mozambique. Investment is now flowing into the country, and a boom in the natural gas sector is expected. According to estimates from Mozambique’s Ministry of Economy and Finance, additional tax...

UNU-WIDER, Isa Chiconela, Edson Mazive - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki

At the beginning of this decade, large offshore natural gas fields were discovered in north-east Mozambique. Investment is now flowing into the country, and a boom in the natural gas sector is expected. According to estimates from Mozambique’s Ministry of Economy and Finance, additional...

– The looming debt crisis
Maureen Were - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Africa’s rising public debt continues to attract increased attention regionally and internationally. The narrative about Africa seems to have gradually shifted from ‘Africa rising’ to ‘rising debt in Africa’. In December 2018, I attended the African Economic Research...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– The Case of Social Benefits in Tanzania
Gemma Wright, Vincent Leyaro, Elineema Kisanga, Christine Byaruhanga - International Journal of Microsimulation , 2019

In this paper we explore the eligibility criteria for the social benefits that form part of the Productive Social Safety Net programme in Tanzania — the Basic Cash Transfer and Variable Cash Transfer. An account is given of how simplified variants of these criteria were applied within...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– Evidence from a Behavioral Microsimulation Model for Ghana
Robert Osei, Jukka Pirttilä, Pia Rattenhuber - International Journal of Microsimulation , 2019

A key challenge facing developing countries when they are gradually building up their social protection system is the presence of a large informal sector. Social safety nets should be expanded to reduce poverty, but financing social protection through higher taxes may reduce the number of formal-...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
H. Xavier Jara, Marcelo Varela - International Journal of Microsimulation , 2019

The aim of this paper is to explore the redistributive effects of taxes and benefits in Ecuador using two different approaches: direct use of reported taxes and benefits in survey data, and use of simulated taxes and benefits. We make use of representative household microdata from ENIGHUR 2011-...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– Simulating Universal Pensions in Ecuador, Ghana, Tanzania and South Africa
Maria Jouste, Pia Rattenhuber - International Journal of Microsimulation , 2019

We use four novel, cross-country comparable tax-benefit microsimulation models for Ecuador, Ghana, Tanzania and South Africa to analyse ex ante the expansion of a universal old-age pension in a static setting. Universal pensions would significantly reduce poverty and inequality in settings where...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
Kaisa Alavuotunki, Mika Haapanen, Jukka Pirttilä - Journal of International Development, 2019

This paper examines the impact of the introduction of the value-added tax on inequality and government revenues using newly released macro data. We present both conventional country fixed effect regressions and instrumental variable analyses, where VAT adoption is instrumented using the previous...

Working Paper pdf
Sithembiso Mtanga, Richard McCamel - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper provides an overview of the structure, key functions, and characteristics of the motorcycle parts and aftermarket industries in Southern Africa in order to identify challenges to and opportunities for growth in these industries. The research examines the end markets and utilization...

Working Paper pdf
Justin Visagie, Ivan Turok - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Services are the fastest growing portion of world trade and now account for nearly a quarter of global exports. This presents opportunities for emerging economies to adapt and enter new markets. Many countries in southern Africa have struggled to diversify from a heavy reliance on primary...

Working Paper pdf
Alfred Moyo - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper investigates whether Southern African Development Community countries that are vulnerable to changes in oil prices could instead substitute oil and petroleum products with biofuels and gas from within the region. A pooled mean group estimator was used to determine the impact of oil...

Working Paper pdf
Rob Davies, Laurence Harris, Konstantin Makrelov - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

We employ a micro-founded and stock-and-flow-consistent model to study the impact of a higher leverage ratio on the South African economy. The model provides a rich representation of institutional balance sheets. The relationship between bank capital, risk-taking behaviour, lending spreads,...

Working Paper pdf
– Rent-sharing and monopsony in South Africa
Ihsaan Bassier - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Using administrative tax records from South Africa for the period 2011–14, I find that firm wage premia explain 25 per cent of the total wage variance, 60 per cent of the gender wage gap, and 40 per cent of the gap between workers in the middle and the bottom of the income ...

Working Paper pdf
– Model-based simulation and case-study evidence
Chris Elbers, Peter Lanjouw - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

The North Indian village of Palanpur has been the subject of close study over a period of six decades from 1957/8 to 2015. Himanshu et al. (2018) have documented the evolution of the village economy over this period in an exhaustive study entitled How Lives Change: Palanpur, India and Development...

Displaying 48 of 6792 results.