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Publications (6387)

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
Laurence Roope, Miguel Niño-Zarazúa, Finn Tarp - Economics Letters, 2018

The interest in the level of global inequality has surged in recent years. This paper complements existing estimates of global inequality by providing the first estimates of the level of bipolarization of the global income distribution. During 1975–2010, global bipolarization declined...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– Evidence from Tanzania
Takaaki Masaki - World Development, 2018

Do intergovernmental transfers reduce revenues collected by local government authorities (LGAs)? There is already a well-established body of literature in public finance, which argues that intergovernmental grants “crowd out” local revenues. Most existing studies, however, explore the...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
Christian Basteck, Marco Mantovani - Games and Economic Behavior, 2018

We take school admission mechanisms to the lab to test whether the widely-used manipulable Immediate Acceptance mechanism disadvantages students of lower cognitive ability and whether this leads to ability segregation across schools. Results show this to be the case: lower ability participants...

Working Paper pdf
Carla Canelas, Rachel M. Gisselquist - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

Inequality and social exclusion receive considerable contemporary policy attention. In the field of international development, inequality—both vertical (between individuals and households) and horizontal (between groups)—is a core concern in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development...

Working Paper pdf
Gilles Carbonnier - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper introduces the origins and scope of humanitarian economics, a vibrant field of study and practice that deals with the economics and political economy of war, disaster, and humanitarian action. To illustrate the field’s scientific and policy relevance, the paper draws on...

Working Paper pdf
Carlos Gradín - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

In this paper, I show that occupations in South Africa are segregated and stratified not only by race, but also by gender. While some women (mostly black and Coloured) overwhelmingly fill low-paying jobs, others (mostly white and Indian/Asian but also Coloured) tend to fill higher-paying...

Working Paper pdf
– How data availability may hide the evidence
Caroline Schimanski - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

This study aims at providing causal evidence for tax-motivated profit-shifting out of developing countries, which, while often claimed to be the most affected, have been largely neglected in the literature. It uses global firm-level panel data from 2006–2015 and identifies profit-shifting...

Working Paper pdf
Olav Lundstøl, Jan Isaksen - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

In 2008, the Government of Zambia reformed its mining tax regime for large-scale copper mines through a unilateral legislative change. The country went from having one of the lowest average effective tax rates and government take to be above the average. We focus on a particularly...

Working Paper pdf
– The case of social benefits in Tanzania
Gemma C. Wright, Vincent Leyaro, Elineema Kisanga, Christine Byaruhanga3 - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

A well functioning system of public service delivery requires the definition and measurement of eligibility for services to be determined in a transparent and non-discretionary manner. This paper uses the case of the Productive Social Safety Net in mainland Tanzania to explore factors that...

Working Paper pdf
Carl Stempel, Qais Alemi - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

Using 1990 5% Census and American Community Survey data, we examine the economic integration of Afghan refugees to the US, focusing on employment rates and income levels. First-wave Afghan refugees (those arriving 1980–90) have made significant income and employment gains, while poverty...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence for South Africa using administrative data
Aalia Cassim, Daniela Casale - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

Public debate on the temporary employment services, or labour broker, sector in South Africa has focused on temporary workers’ wages and benefits. Empirical research is limited: temporary employment services cannot be accurately identified in recent labour force surveys. In 2015, South...

Working Paper pdf
Thushyanthan Baskaran, Sonia Bhalotra, Brian Min, Yogesh Uppal - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

There has been a phenomenal global increase in the proportion of women in politics in the last 20 years. While there is evidence that raising the share of women politicians has substantive impacts on the composition of government spending, there is scarcely any evidence of how it influences...

Ricardo Santos - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

Weak supply chains, both in quantity and quality, impose logistical challenges on Mozambican manufacturing firms. The Mozambican regulatory and legal environment continue to be perceived as a hurdle. Regulatory barriers hinder firm capacity to export. Access to credit remains...

Ricardo Santos - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

Firms that survived the economic downturn adopted restrictive human resources management, reducing the workforce and making it more flexible, which in turn made employment more vulnerable. In 2017, manufacturing sector leadership appears both more satisfied and more inclined to support...

– A human rights consistent approach
Channing Arndt, Kirsti Mahrt, Vincenzo Salvucci, Finn Tarp - Karger, 2018

This chapter is part of a book titled Hidden Hunger: Strategies to Improve Nutrition Quality Hidden hunger has long been an overlooked problem. Vitamin and mineral deficiencies have to be remedied and the availability of calories needs to be increased. As a matter of fact, the number of...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
Wisdom Akpalu, Aaron K. Christian, Samuel Nii Ardey Codjoe - Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics, 2018

Understanding the relationship between food access and welfare is critical in the design of social welfare policies, but the literature on this relationship is scarce. Employing the framework by Van Praag (1968) to a household survey data on Ghana, we investigate the monetary income required by...

Displaying 16 of 6387 results.