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Publications (6077)

Working Paper pdf
– A look forward
William Stafford, Adrian Lotter, Alan Brent, Graham von Maltitz - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper assesses biofuels technology readiness and provides foresight to biofuels development in Southern Africa. Efficient conversion pathways, coupled with biomass from waste or high-yielding energy crops, reduces both the costs of biofuels production and the environmental impacts....

Working Paper pdf
– The case of the mobile money transfer industry
Dianah Ngui Muchai, Peter Kimuyu - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

The mobile money transfer industry has been the most successful information and communications technology-enabled service in Kenya, having recorded an exponential growth relative to its neighbours within the East Africa region. This could be attributed to Kenya’s status as a leading...

Working Paper pdf
– National oil companies as instruments of risk and reward
Patrick R.P. Heller - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

National oil companies tend to elicit unequivocal views. To political leaders within petroleum-producing countries, they often represent a sine qua non of a strategy capable of delivering long-term benefits to citizens. To many international analysts and donors, they represent vestiges of an...

Working Paper pdf
Christine Ngoc Ngo, Miao Chi - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper analyses the differentials of productive values in Vietnamese micro, small, and medium enterprises (MSMEs) and how market constraints have hindered their performance. Quantitative analyses suggest substantial differences in value addition among manufacturing MSMEs, and the crucial...

Working Paper pdf
Michael von Maltitz, Marna van der Merwe - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

The Southern African region, from a purely biophysical perspective, has huge potential for biofuel production, especially in Mozambique and Zambia. Although many of the soils are sandy and acidic, with careful management and correct fertilization, they should be highly productive. We suggest...

Working Paper pdf
– A comparative policy analysis
Amanda Lenhardt, Ella Page, Moizza Binat Sarwar, Andrew Shepherd - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Efforts to tackle discrimination in access to basic services have shown mixed results in different country settings. This study examines the positive and negative outcomes attributed to anti-discrimination measures adopted in different country contexts and analyses the factors contributing to...

Working Paper pdf
– The channels for indirect impacts
Alan R. Roe, Jeffery I. Round - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper discusses the channels of impact of an extractives activity on an economy by presenting a brief description supported by graphics of the different routes through which the direct economic and social impacts of these activities might be enhanced. These routes include those that...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from the Vietnamese manufacturing sector
Duc Anh Dang - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper evaluates the impact of Chinese import penetration on the innovation of Vietnamese manufacturing firms from 2011 to 2015, exploiting variations in import exposure by industry specialization and instrumenting for Chinese import penetration using Chinese global exports. Contrary to...

Working Paper pdf
– From devastation to services-first transformation
Kasim Ggombe, Richard Newfarmer - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Since civil war and genocide left the country in ruins, Rwanda has undergone a remarkable transformation. Growth rates since 1995 have averaged 8 per cent annually, poverty rates have fallen, maternal and child health have improved, and infrastructure and public institutions have been rebuilt...

Working Paper pdf
Jeremy Seekings - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Botswana’s welfare state is both a parsimonious laggard in comparison with some other middle-income countries in Africa (such as Mauritius and South Africa) and extensive (in comparison with its low-income neighbours to the north and east). Coverage is broad but cash transfers are modest...

– How inflated expectations of oil revenues led to a deterioration in macroeconomic management
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Prior to the discovery of oil, Ghana was one of the stars of the ‘Africa rising’ story, with an established track record of macroeconomic stability and fiscal discipline. When oil was discovered, there were great hopes that Ghana would avoid the ‘resource curse’. Initial...

Working Paper pdf
Channing Arndt, Kristi Mahrt, M. Azhar Hussain, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

The rights-based approach to development targets progress towards the realization of 30 articles set forth in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Progress is frequently measured using the multidimensional poverty index. While elegant and useful, the multidimensional poverty index is in...

Displaying 32 of 6077 results.