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Publications (6201)

Working Paper pdf
Isaac Kalonda Kanyama - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

We analyse horizontal inequality in wealth and in years of education in the Democratic Republic of the Congo over the period 2001–13. We find that the trend in horizontal inequality is similar to the trend in vertical inequality over the period of analysis. In addition, horizontal...

Working Paper pdf
– New African oil, gas, and mining economies
Sophie Witter, Maja Jakobsen - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper examines a broad range of opportunities for addressing the pressing human development needs of low-income countries by using new oil, gas, and mineral discoveries. It assesses how much of an impact can be made on the funding gaps for health and education by new oil and gas revenues,...

Working Paper pdf
Channing Arndt, Kristi Mahrt, Caroline Schimanski - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Poverty–growth elasticities are frequently calculated to provide insight into the inclusiveness of the growth process. Mathematically, the formula employed to calculate the growth elasticity of poverty leads to lower values for higher initial poverty rates, ceteris paribus. This paper...

Working Paper pdf
Magnus Ericsson, Olof Löf - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

In several low- and middle-income countries with important extractive sectors, gross national income has developed favourably. Africa has benefitted most, particularly West Africa. This survey provides an up-to-date statistical analysis of the contribution of non-fuel minerals mining to low- and...

– Are private facilities better?
Sarah Hodin - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Part of Journal Special Issue Measuring quality of care

Working Paper pdf
Kehinde Ajayi, Nana Akua Anyidoho - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

We examine gender differences in ambitions and expectations of jobseekers concerning self-employment, an increasingly proposed option for youth in economies with limited wage employment. Analysing survey data on 2,036 tertiary graduates in Ghana, we find that males have a stronger preference for...

Working Paper pdf
– Indigenous opposition to wind farm development in Mexico
Courtney Jung - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

In less than a decade, foreign investors have erected more than 3,200 wind turbines across the Isthmus of Techuantepec investing billions of dollars and generating more than 90 per cent of Mexico’s wind energy. The isthmus is also home to more than one thousand indigenous communities whose...

– Spotlight on the Global Learning Laboratory for Quality Universal Health Coverage
Nana Mensah Abrampah - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Part of Journal Special Issue Measuring quality of care

Working Paper pdf
– What role for social engineering?
Jean-Philippe Platteau, Guilia Camilotti, Emmanuelle Auriol - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Social engineering refers to deliberate attempts, often under the form of legislative moves, to promote changes in customs and norms that hurt the interests of marginalized population groups. This paper explores the analytical conditions under which social engineering is more or less likely to...

– A tax-benefit microsimulation model for Ghana
Kwabena Adu-Ababio, Robert Darko Osei, Jukka Pirttilä, Pia Rattenhuber - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Better social protection coverage and greater benefits in developing countries would certainly be welcomed by many. More and better forms of social protection would reduce extreme poverty, build resilience against shocks and even help households to move out of poverty, by making it possible for...

– How we are supporting the data revolution
Kyle McNabb - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - UNU-WIDER, Helsinki

At the core of efforts to meet the Sustainable Development Goals lies a commitment to enhance domestic revenue mobilization. Strengthening capacity to collect tax and other revenue is key for developing countries as they move forward. Not only is this priority enshrined in SDG 17.1, it also sits...

Working Paper pdf
– A potential indicator of healthcare quality in China
Zhan Wang, Niying Li, Mengsi Jiang, Keith Dear, Chee-Ruey Hsieh - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Objective: To assess the characteristics and incidence of medical litigation in China and the potential usefulness of the records of such litigation as an indicator of healthcare quality. Methods: We investigated 13,620 cases of medical malpractice litigation that ended between 2010 and 2015...

Working Paper pdf
– Clinical observations of uncomplicated births in Uttar Pradesh, India
Gaurav Sharma, Timothy Powell-Jackson, Kaveri Haldar, John Bradley, Véronique Filippi - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Objective: To evaluate the quality of essential care during normal labour and childbirth in maternity facilities in Uttar Pradesh, India. Methods: Between 26 May and 8 July 2015, we used clinical observations to assess care provision for 275 mother–neonate pairs at 26 hospitals. Data on...

Working Paper pdf
Peter J. Pronovost, Kathleen M. Sutcliffe, Lopa Basu, Mary Dixon-Woods - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Patient safety is a global public health issue, causing death and suffering in all types of patients and incurring costs in all countries. The global health community has made significant and sustained efforts to improve safety and quality of health services. Here, we propose that narratives...

Working Paper pdf
– A feasibility assessment
Barbara Madaj, Helen Smith, Matthews Mathai, Nathalie Roos, Nynke van den Broek - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Objective: To assess the feasibility of applying the World Health Organization’s proposed 15 indicators of quality of care for maternal and newborn health at health-facility level in low- and middle-income settings. Methods: Six of the indicators are about maternal health, five are for...

Report pdf
– MicroZAMOD v1.0
Pamela Nakamba-Kabaso, Shebo Nalishebo, David McLennan, Mari Kangasniemi, Michael Noble, Gemma Wright - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This report documents MicroZAMOD, the SOUTHMOD model developed for Zambia. This work was carried out by Zambia Institute for Policy Analysis & Research (ZIPAR) in collaboration with the project partners. in the scope of the SOUTHMOD project. The results presented in this report are derived...

Displaying 32 of 6201 results.