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Publications (7751)

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
Adelaide Baronchelli, Roberto Ricciuti - Ecological Economics, 2022

This study analyses the relationship between temperature shocks and migration in rural households in Vietnam. To control for the potential endogeneity between crop production and migration we use monthly minimum temperatures in the growing season as an instrument of rice production. In...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– Insights from the Hrishipara diaries
Risto Rönkkö, Stuart Rutherford, Kunal Sen - World Development, 2022

We examine the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the livelihoods of the poor in a semi-rural setting in Bangladesh. We use an unusually rich dataset which tracks the economic and financial transactions of sixty poor and very poor individuals and their families on a daily real-time...

Jesse Lastunen, Pia Rattenhuber, Rodrigo C. Oliveira - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

The COVID-19 pandemic has shown that African tax and social-benefit systems are currently ill-equipped to protect households from sudden income losses. Meaningful progress will require policymakers to reduce the size of the informal sector and improve the design and financing of social-protection...

– New perspectives on travelling for research
Kwabena Adu-Ababio - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Working for an international organisation presents a host of challenges, given the vast nature of tasks that one must surmount in a fast paced and changing environment. It might be a roller coaster, but also satisfying by providing many worthwhile experiences. The latter was my sensation during...

– How five African countries fared
Jesse Lastunen, Pia Rattenhuber, Rodrigo C. Oliveira - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

The number of people living in poverty around the world is estimated to have increased by half a billion people due to the COVID-19 crisis. The African continent has suffered at least US$100 billion in economic costs in 2020, measured by the reduction in trade revenues and financial flows due to...

Gemma Wright, Michael Noble - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Are there enough tax payers to generate the revenue needed by governments to reduce poverty? How adequate are the social security arrangements that already exist? Anyone who has started to probe these issues will know that the answers to such questions can be hard to pin down. This is why the...

Journal Article
– Evidence from China
Jing You, Xinxin Ding, Miguel Niño-Zarazúa, Sangui Wang - Journal of Housing Economics, 2021

We investigate heterogeneous and nonlinear intergenerational transmission of education and the impact on this of house prices. Using the China Household Finance Survey, we construct household history of property pur-chases and educational investment over the past 16 years with current filial...

– Concepts, methods, and determinants
Vegard Iversen, Anirudh Krishna, Kunal Sen - Oxford University Press, 2021

BOOK IN PRODUCTION — SCHEDULED FOR PUBLICATION DECEMBER 2021 | Social mobility — defined as the ability to move from a lower to a higher level of education or occupational status, or from a lower to a higher social class or income group — is the hope of economic development...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
Henrik Hansen, John Rand, Finn Tarp, Neda Trifković - European Journal of Development Research, 2021

Using a survey of enterprises in Myanmar, we examine demand for formal credit and the extent to which firms are self-constrained by not applying for credit or if they apply and are constrained by bank’s rejections. We have information about firm managers’ managerial capacity and risk...

Working Paper pdf
– Application of a new computable general equilibrium (CGE) model
Henning Tarp Jensen, Marcus Keogh-Brown, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Myanmar is facing climate change (CC) induced changes to the productivity of their critically important rice sector over the coming century. Moreover, the recent five-year Myanmarese Agriculture Development Strategy (ADS) sets out a vision of achieving an ‘…inclusive, competitive,...

Working Paper pdf
– Application of a new computable general equilibrium (CGE) model
Henning Tarp Jensen, Marcus Keogh-Brown, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Myanmar has, in recent years, strengthened its focus on human capital as a development pillar, and introduced legislation and adopted conventions on child labour. But child exploitation continues, including use of forced labour by the military and children performing hazardous work. Moreover,...

Working Paper pdf
– Application of a new computable general equilibrium (CGE) model
Henning Tarp Jensen, Marcus Keogh-Brown, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Despite major public finance reform efforts over the last decade, Myanmarese public finances continue to be characterized by relative weakness in revenue collection, budget execution, and long-term sustainability. Myanmar is therefore in need of comprehensive public finance reform. Two top...

Working Paper pdf
– Policy options for a sustainable fiscal regime
Andrew Mwaba, Steve Kayizzi-Mugerwa - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Zambia has changed its mineral tax regime repeatedly during the past decades in a bid to raise mineral revenue, but with only modest success. This paper looks at what the country needs to do to create a mining fiscal regime that could sustain operations, boost output, and raise revenues...

Working Paper pdf
– On the role of legibility in tax state development
Matthias vom Hau, José Peres-Cajías, Hillel David Soifer - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper combines cross-national statistical analysis and in-depth historical case studies of Argentina and Chile to explore the relationship between two crucial dimensions of state capacity. We show that information capacity contributes to the development of fiscal capacity. States require...

Working Paper pdf
Per F. Andersson - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

The origins of fiscal capacity have traditionally been linked to warfare and democratization. However, non-democratic states also invest in fiscal capacity, even in times of peace. In fact, the majority of income taxes—a cornerstone of government finance—were introduced by non-...

Working Paper pdf
– Formalization of property rights on land and tax revenues from individuals in sub-Saharan Africa
Marina Nistotskaya, Michelle D'Arcy - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

The arguments that property rights and taxation positively affect development are well established in separate literatures, but the link between property rights and taxation is under-studied. To address this gap, we theorize that formalization of individual property rights facilitates economic...

Displaying 16 of 7751 results.