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Publications (8244)

Working Paper pdf
– A window of opportunity missed
Thilo Bodenstein, Mark Furness - UNU-WIDER, 2023 - Helsinki, Finland

European official development assistance to Middle Eastern and North African (MENA) countries increased sharply after 2011, ostensibly in support of the social, economic, and above all political changes demanded by the Arab uprisings. The subsequent turn to development policies driven by...

Working Paper pdf
– An interpretative survey
Kunal Sen - UNU-WIDER, 2023 - Helsinki, Finland

When India became a republic in 1950, the economy was primarily agrarian, with three-fifths of output originating from agriculture. In the sixty years since independence, there has been a significant transformation of economic activity away from agriculture, with less than one-fifth of output now...

Working Paper pdf
– Measurement and concepts
Kyle McNabb - UNU-WIDER, 2023 - Helsinki, Finland

The aims of this paper are twofold. It firstly identifies and discusses the extent to which public revenues from natural resources are adequately captured in existing cross-country revenue databases, before exploring the extent to which such data can be used to estimate countries’ fiscal...

Working Paper pdf
– The case of ‘Solar Mamas’ who bring light
Veda Vaidyanathan - UNU-WIDER, 2023 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper examines multiple facets of New Delhi’s development cooperation with countries in Africa and argues that grassroots organizations in India that find innovative, low-cost technological solutions to developmental challenges can help governments and multilateral agencies craft...

Working Paper pdf
– How local communities in Italy keep anti-fascist sentiments alive
Simone Cremaschi, Juan Masullo J. - UNU-WIDER, 2023 - Helsinki, Finland

Can past wartime experiences other than violence have long-term effects on political attitudes and behaviours? How are these legacies sustained across generations and beyond those who directly experienced war? We explore these questions in Italy, a country whose democratic institutions were...

Working Paper pdf
– Income and taxable income, adjusted for retirement fund and medical expense reporting changes
Andrew R. Donaldson - UNU-WIDER, 2023 - Helsinki, Finland

Tax administration statistics now provide considerably more complete and reliable measures of South African personal income and its distribution than the available household or other survey sources. However, there are difficulties in using tax data across time, as both policy and reporting...

Working Paper pdf
Adeel Malik, Rinchan Ali Mirza, Faiz Ur Rehman - UNU-WIDER, 2023 - Helsinki, Finland

We examine whether frontier rule, which disallows frontier residents from recourse to formal institutions of conflict management and disproportionately empowers tribal elites, provides a more fragile basis for maintaining social order in the face of shocks. Combining a historical border that...

Working Paper pdf
Nicola Daniele Coniglio, Vitorocco Peragine, Davide Vurchio - UNU-WIDER, 2023 - Helsinki, Finland

In this paper we explore the links between international migration and income inequality. After presenting a simple model which considers the role of income distribution in individual decisions to migrate, we estimate a set of models on the determinants of yearly bilateral migration from a very...

Working Paper pdf
– The case of Afghanistan
Nematullah Bizhan - UNU-WIDER, 2023 - Helsinki, Finland

The aid effectiveness principles have limits if the recipient is fragile. The problem of relevance exists if the recipient has an authoritarian or totalitarian regime. In situations of weak statehood and fragility, a large portion of aid would likely bypass the state because of high demand for...

Working Paper pdf
Paolo Brunori, Francisco H.G. Ferreira, Guido Neidhöfer - UNU-WIDER, 2023 - Helsinki, Finland

How strong is the transmission of socio-economic status across generations in Latin America? To answer this question, we first review the empirical literature on intergenerational mobility and inequality of opportunity for the region, summarizing results for both income and educational outcomes...

Working Paper pdf
– The case of Ghana
Charles Godfred Ackah, Monica P. Lambon-Quayefio - UNU-WIDER, 2023 - Helsinki, Finland

One essential condition of economic progress in any society is an ample supply of savings, which depends on the growth of real capital. Economists agree that higher investment rates will lead to higher growth. Thus, domestic savings is considered an important determinant of growth in...

Technical Note pdf
Dirk van Seventer, Rob Davies - UNU-WIDER, 2023 - Helsinki, Finland

This technical note describes the compilation of a 2019 Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) for South Africa. SAMs are economy-wide databases that are used together with analytical techniques to strengthen evidence-based policy analysis. This SAM is based on a supply table and a use table for 2019...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– Experimental evidence from Rwanda
Patricia Justino, Marinella Leone, Pierfrancesco Rolla, Monique Abimpaye - Journal of the European Economic Association, 0

THIS ARTICLE IS ON EARLY VIEW  |  This study investigates the short- and medium-term impact of a randomized group-based early child development program targeting parents of children aged 6–24 months in a poor, rural district of Rwanda. This low-intensity, short-duration, and...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– Evidence from Mozambique
Sam Jones, Thomas Pave Sohnesen, Neda Trifković - Journal of International Development, 0

THIS ARTICLE IS ON EARLY VIEW  |  We examine how returns to education have evolved in the context of post-conflict reconstruction and economic growth in Mozambique over the period 1996–2015. We show that private rates of return to education have declined at lower levels of...

UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2023 - Helsinki, Finland

Zambia is putting in place fiscal measures to improve the efficient collection of domestic revenue to finance social and public infrastructure. This analysis shows how much more revenue can be accumulated if tax evasion was at the bare minimum. Tax gap describes the share of the potential...

UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2023 - Helsinki, Finland

Along with several other African countries, Zambia has introduced a withholding system for value-added tax (VAT) to improve revenue collection and compliance. Even though VAT withholding policies are applied in several countries in Africa and similar industry-specific policies in Europe,...

Displaying 32 of 8244 results.