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Publications (8219)

UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2023 - Helsinki, Finland

Zambia is putting in place fiscal measures to improve the efficient collection of domestic revenue to finance social and public infrastructure. This analysis shows how much more revenue can be accumulated if tax evasion was at the bare minimum. Tax gap describes the share of the potential...

UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2023 - Helsinki, Finland

Along with several other African countries, Zambia has introduced a withholding system for value-added tax (VAT) to improve revenue collection and compliance. Even though VAT withholding policies are applied in several countries in Africa and similar industry-specific policies in Europe,...

Gindo Tampubolon - Global Development Institute, 2023 - Manchester, United Kingdom

The toll of the COVID-19 pandemic is still being assessed. Meanwhile, new variants continue to threaten as the reservoir of infected people remains large enough for mutations to proliferate. Excess deaths, a global measure, are estimated at 14.9 million for 2020–21 by the World Health...

– What Zambia is doing right
Jukka Pirttilä, Mari Kangasniemi - The Conversation Africa, 2023 - Johannesburg, South Africa

Over half of Zambia’s population lived below the national poverty line in 2015. In rural areas, where 89% of households are engaged in agriculture, the poverty rate was even higher, at 77% of the population. Coffee harvest at a farm in Zambia. Photo by Oleksandr Rupeta/NurPhoto...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
Michael Danquah, Bazoumana Ouattara - , 2023

A plethora of work has been done on the effectiveness of foreign aid. However, virtually none of the previous cross- country macro studies have investigated the impact of aid on social cohesion. Yet, in order to promote the achievement of the targets in SDG 16, donors and global partners of...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
Tony Addison, Atanu Ghoshray - Resource and Energy Economics, 2023

In this study, we develop an empirical framework that allows us to trace out a time path of metal prices. This framework shows that unpredictable shifts in demand, extraction costs and discovery of reserves, make estimation of the slope of this underlying trend an empirical question. Further,...

Working Paper pdf
– Examining the impact of relative income on formal and informal debt in South Africa
Shakeba Foster - UNU-WIDER, 2023 - Helsinki, Finland

How does income inequality impact the propensity for and levels of formal and informal household debt? This paper assesses this question using the two most recent waves of the South African Living Conditions Survey. A range of linear models as well as a zero-inflated Poisson model are employed...

Working Paper pdf
Ana Horigoshi, Samantha Custer - UNU-WIDER, 2023 - Helsinki, Finland

Development effectiveness is an ever-growing concern for development partners. Particularly in a world of increasing budget constraints and trade-offs, it is crucial for development partners to maximize the results of any development intervention. While the importance of a locally-led approach...

Working Paper pdf
Alex Armand, Myriam Marending, Galina Vysotskaya - UNU-WIDER, 2023 - Helsinki, Finland

While much of the literature studies causes and consequences of war, the reverberations of peace have rarely been studied. By focusing on the universe of ceasefire agreements since 1993, we study the causal effect of peace on economic recovery using a regression discontinuity in time approach...

Working Paper pdf
– Neofascist political violence in Italy, 1969–88
Stefano Costalli, Daniele Guariso, Patricia Justino, Andrea Ruggeri - UNU-WIDER, 2023 - Helsinki, Finland

We still have limited knowledge about the long-term effects of fascism on European democracies. European countries experienced cycles of violence between the 1960s and 1980s. Can such violence be explained by legacies of mobilization during fascism? We study whether and how the Italian fascist...

Working Paper pdf
– Insights from development studies
Albert Sanghoon Park - UNU-WIDER, 2023 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper explores how the concept of resilience has been used in development studies. Set amidst the rise of resilience in sustainable development, it offers insights for scholars and policy-makers, alike. Sampling 419 resilience-oriented journal articles from 2017–22, it uses Kuhnian...

Working Paper pdf
Giulia Barletta, Ines A. Ferreira, Vincenzo Salvucci - UNU-WIDER, 2023 - Helsinki, Finland

Different concepts of inequality lead to different positions in discussions about whether economic growth leads to increasing inequality. This study investigates how over 1,100 young adults in Mozambique perceive inequality and whether their perceptions are based on relative or absolute terms...

Working Paper pdf
Patrick Mabuza, Francis H. Kemeze, Oluwatoba J. Omotilewa, Mamadou Bah, Btissam Benkerroum - UNU-WIDER, 2023 - Helsinki, Finland

Development finance institutions (DFIs) foster sustainable development through financing, advisory services, and technical assistance. They complement public investments in developing and underserved markets to unlock development opportunities and deliver development results. Whereas DFIs...

Working Paper pdf
– Investigating the effectiveness of COVID-19 aid in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Hany Besada, Lukmon Akintola - UNU-WIDER, 2023 - Helsinki, Finland

Drawing from a growing body of literature on development aid in fragile contexts, this paper investigates the effectiveness of COVID-19 aid in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). The paper uses the OECD’s Principles for Good International Engagement in Fragile States and...

Working Paper pdf
– A controlled comparison of Rwanda and Burundi
Omar Shahabudin McDoom - UNU-WIDER, 2023 - Helsinki, Finland

I examine whether and how the means through which a civil war ends affects the success of a country’s state-building strategy after conflict. I show that two distinct modes of conflict termination—military victories and negotiated settlements—lead to differential long-run...

Working Paper pdf
– Perspectives of Southern recipients
Debapriya Bhattacharya, Towfiqul Islam Khan, Najeeba Mohammed Altaf - UNU-WIDER, 2023 - Helsinki, Finland

‘Country ownership’ continues to grow more as an idealized requirement than an operational concept for effective development co-operation. Provider countries often shy away from taking onboard recipient countries’ development priorities, public financial management and...

Displaying 32 of 8219 results.