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Publications (6753)

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
Yao Pan, Saurabh Singhal - Journal of Development Economics, 2019

Can agricultural development programs improve health-related outcomes? We exploit a spatial discontinuity in the coverage of a large-scale agricultural extensionprogram in Uganda to causally identify its effects on malaria. We find that eligibility for the program reduced the...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– Investigating the qualitative-quantitative divide in Mozambique
Sam Jones, Inge Tvedten - World Development, 2019

Motivated by the siloed nature of much poverty research, as well as the challenge of finding inclusive operational definitions of poverty, this study reflects on the merits of seeking to reconcile economic (quantitative) and anthropological (qualitative) analytical approaches. Drawing on...

UNU-WIDER, Gimelgo Xirinda, Esmeralda Napaua - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki

At the beginning of this decade, large offshore natural gas fields were discovered in north-east Mozambique. Investment is now flowing into the country, and a boom in the natural gas sector is expected. According to estimates from Mozambique’s Ministry of Economy and Finance, additional tax...

UNU-WIDER, Isa Chiconela, Edson Mazive - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki

At the beginning of this decade, large offshore natural gas fields were discovered in north-east Mozambique. Investment is now flowing into the country, and a boom in the natural gas sector is expected. According to estimates from Mozambique’s Ministry of Economy and Finance, additional...

– The looming debt crisis
Maureen Were - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Africa’s rising public debt continues to attract increased attention regionally and internationally. The narrative about Africa seems to have gradually shifted from ‘Africa rising’ to ‘rising debt in Africa’. In December 2018, I attended the African Economic Research...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
Kaisa Alavuotunki, Mika Haapanen, Jukka Pirttilä - Journal of International Development, 2019

This paper examines the impact of the introduction of the value-added tax on inequality and government revenues using newly released macro data. We present both conventional country fixed effect regressions and instrumental variable analyses, where VAT adoption is instrumented using the previous...

Working Paper pdf
– Model-based simulation and case-study evidence
Chris Elbers, Peter Lanjouw - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

The North Indian village of Palanpur has been the subject of close study over a period of six decades from 1957/8 to 2015. Himanshu et al. (2018) have documented the evolution of the village economy over this period in an exhaustive study entitled How Lives Change: Palanpur, India and Development...

Working Paper pdf
– Firm-level evidence from administrative tax data
Keagile Lesame - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Monetary policy is believed to have a disproportionate effect on firms, depending on their size. Financially constrained firms with limited access to capital markets are expected to be more sensitive to changes in interest rates; this is characteristic of small firms. This paper empirically...

Working Paper pdf
– Policy relevant research possibilities using South African tax data
Amina Ebrahim, Kezia Lilenstein - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper has three primary objectives. First, it provides a broad overview of the available South African data used to examine gender in the labour market, with specific reference to the South African Revenue Services (SARS) tax data which has recently been made available. Second, the paper...

Working Paper pdf
– Looking back with data
Ciaran Driver - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper provides a retrospective assessment of the effects of trade policies on South African manufacturing since the transition to democracy, examining the differences and commonalities in the views of economists in favour of and against an acceleration of trade liberalization. Data from...

Working Paper pdf
Goodness C. Aye, Laurence Harris - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

This study investigates the effect of real exchange rate volatility on the distribution of income between labour and capital in South Africa. Both symmetric and asymmetric effects are considered. Using quarterly data for 1985:1–2018:3 and local linear projection, we find that the immediate...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– The Case of Social Benefits in Tanzania
Gemma Wright, Vincent Leyaro, Elineema Kisanga, Christine Byaruhanga - International Journal of Microsimulation , 2019

This article is from a forthcoming UNU-WIDER special issue of the International Journal of Microsimulation In this paper we explore the eligibility criteria for the social benefits that form part of the Productive Social Safety Net programme in Tanzania — the Basic Cash Transfer and...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– Evidence from a Behavioral Microsimulation Model for Ghana
Robert Osei, Jukka Pirttilä, Pia Rattenhuber - International Journal of Microsimulation , 2019

This article is from a forthcoming UNU-WIDER special issue of the International Journal of Microsimulation A key challenge facing developing countries when they are gradually building up their social protection system is the presence of a large informal sector. Social safety nets should be...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
H. Xavier Jara, Marcelo Varela - International Journal of Microsimulation , 2019

This article is from a forthcoming UNU-WIDER special issue of the International Journal of Microsimulation The aim of this paper is to explore the redistributive effects of taxes and benefits in Ecuador using two different approaches: direct use of reported taxes and benefits in survey data,...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– Simulating Universal Pensions in Ecuador, Ghana, Tanzania and South Africa
Maria Jouste, Pia Rattenhuber - International Journal of Microsimulation , 2019

This article is from a forthcoming UNU-WIDER special issue of the International Journal of Microsimulation We use four novel, cross-country comparable tax-benefit microsimulation models for Ecuador, Ghana, Tanzania and South Africa to analyse ex ante the expansion of a universal old-age...

John Rand, Paula Castro Rodriguez, Finn Tarp, Neda Trifković, CSO team - Central Statistical Organization, Ministry of Planning and Finance, UNU-WIDER, and University of Copenhagen, 2019

The purpose of this report is to give a nuanced picture of the SME business environment in Myanmar as a complement to the 2017 MSME quantitative survey conducted within the project ‘Towards Inclusive Development in Myanmar’. This project is a collaboration between the Central...

Displaying 16 of 6753 results.