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Publications (8059)

Working Paper pdf
– Comparing views from Rwandan and Burundian citizens
Bert Ingelaere, Réginas Ndayiragije, Marijke Verpoorten - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

The lack of political representation often lies at the origin of identity-based violence, and, when not resolved, can re-ignite violence. We study who perceives gains and losses in political representation in Rwanda and Burundi and why. We rely on a quantitative and qualitative analysis of...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from household panel data in Uganda
Lynda Pickbourn, Raymond Caraher, Léonce Ndikumana - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

Empirical studies on the effectiveness of aid to the water, sanitation, and hygiene sector (WASH aid) have focused primarily on access to these services as the benchmark for evaluating the effectiveness of aid in this sector. Given the importance of WASH services for public health outcomes,...

Working Paper pdf
Rachael Calleja, Beata Cichocka - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper investigates whether the current effectiveness agenda—agreed during the 2011 Busan High Level Forum on Development Effectiveness—continues to define best practice in development amidst a rapidly changing development landscape. To do so, we surveyed officials from...

Working Paper pdf
Ali Compaoré, Roukiatou Nikièma, Rasmané Ouédraogo - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

While there is extensive literature examining the growth and development effects of foreign aid, very little attention has been paid to its potential impact on social mobility. Thus, this paper provides the first empirical evidence on the effects of foreign aid on intergenerational educational...

Working Paper pdf
– Command over tradables, non-tradables, and people
Paul Segal, Michail Moatsos - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper analyses elite incomes around the world, and how international comparisons of elite incomes vary depending on the exchange rate and income concept used. It is well known that between-country income inequality is higher using market exchange rates than purchasing power parity (PPP)...

Working Paper pdf
– Armed violence in post-war Abkhazia
Anastasia Shesterinina - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

What accounts for armed violence in the aftermath of civil war? Efforts to develop a comprehensive framework to understand this phenomenon have been made in the literature. Yet existing studies have in general looked at distinct pre-war, wartime, and post-war sources of violence in the aftermath...

Working Paper pdf
Guillermo Kreiman - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

How do civil war dynamics affect state-building decisions in the aftermath of conflict? This paper argues that, in the post-conflict period, the state focuses its efforts to build state capacity on areas in which state power has been eroded during wartime, with the goal of avoiding future...

Working Paper pdf
– The political economy of compliance
Timothy Besley, Sacha Dray - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper explores the link between trust in government, policy-making, and compliance. It focuses on a specific channel whereby citizens who are convinced that a policy is worthwhile are more motivated to comply with it. This in turn reduces the government’s cost of implementing a policy...

Working Paper pdf
Shreyasee Das, Shatanjaya Dasgupta - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper examines the impact of the 2001 Gujarat earthquake on age at marriage and other assortative matching outcomes. Using the 2004–05 wave of the India Human Development Survey and employing a difference-in-differences strategy, we document that the earthquake reduced the age at...

Working Paper pdf
Khanindra Ch. Das - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

Extractive industries are spread across mining of metal and minerals, oil and gas, among others. Multinationals in these sectors are confronted with different challenges ranging from corruption, political risk, economic uncertainty, sunk costs, and the long-gestation periods to execute projects...

Working Paper pdf
Rodgers Musamali, Cecilia Mutia, Rose W. Ngugi - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

The savings–growth nexus is widely acknowledged, both in policy and in the literature. But Kenya’s numerous policy initiatives to encourage savings mobilization are yet to yield the expected outcomes. This paper identifies the key drivers of domestic saving in Kenya, exploiting...

Working Paper pdf
– The Global Methane Pledge—opportunities and risks
Etienne Romsom, Kathryn McPhail - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

The global energy transition is happening, but too slowly to limit climate change to acceptable levels, for diverse reasons. Carbon emissions policies and measures focus too little on absolute emission targets and too much on relative measures such as carbon intensity. Focus is needed on early...

Working Paper pdf
– Describing and explaining armed groups’ response to the pandemic in the Middle East
Marta Furlan - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

As COVID-19 spread worldwide, armed groups in control of territory were called to address the health emergency. However, our knowledge in this regard is limited. Specifically, it remains poorly understood why different armed groups responded to the crisis differently. Recognizing this lacuna,...

Working Paper pdf
Idrissa Ouedraogo, Issa Dianda, Pegdwende Patrik Ouedraogo, Rodrigue Tiraogo Ouedraogo, Bassirou Konfe - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper investigates the effects of taxation on income inequality in an unbalanced panel of 45 countries in sub-Saharan Africa over the period 1980–2018. We use instrumental-variable two-stage least squares and instrumental-variable quantile regression estimates. We find that taxation...

Working Paper pdf
– Lab-in-the-field evidence from rural Côte d’Ivoire
Arnab K. Basu, Ralitza Dimova, Monnet Gbakou, Romane Viennet - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

We analyse the effect of parental risk preferences and a novel measure of maternal bargaining power over educational expenses—elicited via lab-in-the-field experiments in rural Côte d’Ivoire—on the educational progression of boys and girls. Data from 135 couples and...

Working Paper pdf
– Exploring scalability through targeted versus universalist approaches
Annalena Oppel - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

With the expansion of social protection measures due to the COVID-19 pandemic, considerations both old and new have surfaced regarding targeted versus universalist approaches. This study focuses on how social protection coverage before the pandemic influences the extent of targeted versus...

Displaying 32 of 8059 results.