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Publications (7569)

Sudipa Sarkar - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Marriage at a younger age, generally before the legal age of marriage, is a pervasive practice in many parts of the world. Worldwide, more than 700 million women alive today were married before their 18th birthday and 25 million were married before the age of 15. The incidence of child...

Sam Jones - The Conversation UK, 2021 - London, UK

Investments in infrastructure – such as roads – typically aim to reduce transport costs, stimulate trade, and make new production activities viable. Across sub-Saharan Africa, the need for such investments is widely acknowledged. The argument for more and better infrastructure...

Priyanka Harrichurran - UNU WIDER , 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

In most countries, traditional gender roles within the household are still common due to the prevalence and persistence of patriarchal systems. These roles put a greater burden of care work on women, which can reduce women’s leisure time relative to men. My colleagues, Claire Vermaak,...

Inés Berniell, Lucila Berniell, Dolores de la Mata, María Edo, Mariana Marchionni - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Gender gaps in labour supply, income, and wages are still large despite the remarkable convergence of roles of men and women in labour markets over the last century. In developed countries, the evidence points to motherhood as one of the key factors in explaining these remaining gaps. In Denmark...

– Does it make a difference?
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

How could countries in the Global South develop their tax systems further and improve compliance? This analysis shows how two tax administration interventions impacted the number of small business taxpayers and presumptive tax revenues in Uganda. One-stop-shops — where citizens could...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– Bridging the Zambezi in Mozambique
Sam Jones, César Salazar - American Journal of Agricultural Economics , 2021

Historically, transport infrastructure connecting the most agriculturally productive areas of Mozambique and the richer southern region has been poor. A primary bottleneck was an unreliable ferry service over the Zambezi river, addressed by construction of a road bridge in 2009. In this study...

This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
Carlos Gradín, Murray Leibbrandt, Finn Tarp - Oxford University Press, 2021 - Oxford

Inequality has emerged as a key development challenge. It holds implications for economic growth and redistribution and translates into power asymmetries that can endanger human rights, create conflict, and embed social exclusion and chronic poverty. For these reasons, it underpins intense...

Working Paper pdf
Carlos Gradín - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper presents preliminary evidence of the annual global income distribution since 1950 using a new integrated dataset that aggregates standardized country income distributions at the percentile level estimated from various sources in the World Income Inequality Database. I analyse the...

Working Paper pdf
– A cohort analysis
Andreas Backhaus, Elke Loichinger - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Female labour force participation rates have stagnated in sub-Saharan Africa since the turn of the millennium. This paper aims to explain this aggregate pattern by decomposing it into the labour supply behaviour of different birth cohorts and age groups. Using representative and repeated...

Working Paper pdf
Giorgia Giovannetti, Marco Sanfilippo, Arianna Vivoli - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper analyses the impact of trade liberalization on local labour markets in Ethiopia, with a focus on the gender dimension of employment. By exploiting rich micro-level data on Ethiopian workers, we evaluate the effect of the Ethiopian trade reforms on the changes and composition of...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from a least developed African country
Ruth Cadaoas Tacneng, Klarizze Anne Martin Puzon, Thierno Barry - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Using hand-collected survey and experimental data, we examine the determinants of financial literacy as well as the link between self-reported risk and elicited risk preferences in a least developed African country, Guinea. We measure financial literacy as the sum of three elements: financial...

Working Paper pdf
Francesco Iacoella, Patricia Justino, Bruno Martorano - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper analyses how inequality across counties in the United States of America has shaped the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the incidence of protests. The empirical analysis combines weekly data between January and December 2020 on levels of COVID-19-related policy stringency and...

Working Paper pdf
– A view from below
Simone Schotte, Rocco Zizzamia - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper investigates the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and related policy measures on livelihoods in urban South Africa. Using qualitative research methods, we analyse two rounds of semi-structured phone interviews, conducted between June and September 2020 in the township of Khayelitsha,...

Working Paper pdf
– Application of a structural gravity model
Vincent Leyaro - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

By measuring the effects of forming and joining a regional integration bloc using an augmented structural gravity model, this paper finds that the East African Community (EAC) and EAC Customs Union have significantly enhanced Tanzanian trade into EAC markets. Kenya has continued to be the main...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from the 2016 retirement reform
Agustin Redonda, Christopher Axelson - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

In 2016, the South African government introduced a comprehensive reform to simplify and harmonize the pension system in order to incentivize pension savings and increase the fairness of the retirement system. Using administrative tax micro-data, we assess the impact of the 2016 reform and find...

Displaying 64 of 7569 results.