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Publications (7344)

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– Does the political regime matter
Shrabani Saha, Kunal Sen - Journal of Institutional Economics, 2021

THIS ARTICLE IS ON EARLY VIEW. Corruption is widely believed to have an adverse effect on the economic performance of a country. However, many East and Southeast Asian countries either achieved or currently are achieving impressively rapid economic growth despite widespread corruption...

– Evidence from Rwanda
Patricia Justino, Marinella Leone, Pierfrancesco Rolla, Monique Abimpaye, Caroline Dusabe, Diane Uwamahoro, Richard Germond - , 0

Globally, around 250 million children under the age of five do not meet key development milestones, which reduces their ability to reach their full potential. This column explores the evidence on what works to promote positive parenting practices, particularly in low-income contexts. The authors...

Rachel M. Gisselquist, Andrea Vaccaro - , 2020

States with fragile state health systems have been commended for effective responses to the COVID-19 pandemic. But if we take into account factors such as favourable climate and the age structure of the population, the COVID-19 impact is, in fact, greater on states with weak institutions, explain...

UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Small firms are more sensitive to changes in interest rates. Small firms which are financially constrained, and have relatively weaker balance sheets and idiosyncratic risks, also face a higher cost of capital from external sources On average, a one percentage point increase in interest...

UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Regional integration in Africa has potential for increasing regional trade and contribute towards industrialization and economic development. Agro-processing trade offers numerous opportunities for southern Africa countries and is a potential area of business to reduce poverty in the region....

– How can natural resources support inclusive growth in Africa
John Page, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

For a growing number of countries in Africa the discovery of natural resources is a great opportunity, but one accompanied by considerable risks. There is an extensive literature linking natural resource dependence to poor economic performance. One cause is that resource-abundant economies tend...

Sanjay G. Reddy, Arnab Acharya - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, FInland

The world needs a people’s vaccine for COVID-19 — one provided universally, and accessible to the entire world population. A patent-protected vaccine could ultimately exclude many people from being vaccinated and protected. Unfortunately, most projects to develop a COVID-19 vaccine...

Working Paper pdf
Heinrich Bohlmann, Rod Crompton - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper adds quantitative analysis to the study by Crompton et al. (2020), in which various alternative regulatory arrangements regarding the petrol price in South Africa were explored. We use a multi-sector dynamic computable general equilibrium model for South Africa to conduct our...

Working Paper pdf
– A systematic review
Vanesa Jorda, Jose M. Alonso - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Over the past two decades, research on the impacts of a diverse range of public policies and income inequality has seen rapid growth. Despite the large number of publications to date, there remain important lacunae in our understanding of how policy interventions might help to reduce income...

Working Paper pdf
– Uncovering the nature of informal employment in urban Mexico
Robert Duval Hernández - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Using a special module of the 2015 Mexican Labour Force Survey with information on workers’ preferences for jobs with social security coverage, I estimate that 80 per cent of informal workers in large urban areas would prefer to work in a job that provides them with such coverage. A...

Working Paper pdf
Carl Shu-Ming Lin, Linxiang Ye, Wei Zhang - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

The informal sector has long been viewed as a locus of the disadvantaged, unskilled, and inexperienced workers in under-developed and developing economies. Workers in the informal sector, however, can learn skills and gain experience that could help them switch to better-paying jobs in the formal...

Working Paper pdf
Bethuel Kinyanjui Kinuthia - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper examines the impact of the government input subsidy—the National Agriculture Input Voucher—on farmers’ production and welfare in Tanzania as well as the factors that influence agricultural production in the country. The analysis is based on the Living Standards...

Working Paper pdf
Liako Mofo - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Plastics are ubiquitous across the region and play an important role in multiple industries. Most plastic products are based on a value chain that is grounded in petroleum refining, posing an environmental challenge. Plastic manufacturing in South Africa suffers from the high cost of polymers as...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from Vietnam
Duc Anh Dang, Hai Anh La - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

The literature shows that political connections have different effects on firms’ activities. However, the question of how political connections affect firms’ formalization has not been explored. Using data from three waves of the Vietnam Small and Medium Enterprise Survey for the...

Working Paper pdf
– A livelihood analysis
Abiodun O. Folawewo, Olusegun A. Orija - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This study evaluates the effects of the informal sector on Nigerian workers’ livelihoods and analyses workers’ transitions within the informal sector and between informal and formal employment. A binary logit model is applied to General Household Survey panel data for the periods...

Working Paper pdf
– Firm-level evidence from South Africa
Caio Torres Mazzi, Gideon Ndubuisi, Elvis Avenyo - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Using the South African Revenue Service and National Treasury firm-level panel data for 2009–17, this paper investigates how global value chain-related trade affects the export performance of manufacturing firms in South Africa. In particular, the paper uses extant classifications of...

Displaying 16 of 7344 results.