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Methodology

Publications (7188)

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– Accounting for inequality changes in Spain during the recession
Carlos Gradín - The review of income and wealth, 2020

I discuss a new approach which decomposes inequality into the contributions of population groups by income sources. I estimate a matrix with rows and columns which indicate different population groups and income sources, respectively, with each element indicating the marginal change in the...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
Maria C. Lo Bue, Flaviana Palmisano - Oxford Bulletin of Economics And Statistics , 2020

The canonical approach to analyse the poverty impact of growth is based on the comparison of poverty before and after growth. Measurement tools endorsing this approach fail to capture the different experiences of poverty dynamic in the population: there can be groups of the population made...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– Evidence from an insurgency in India
Heidi Kaila, Saurabh Singhal, Divya Tuteja - World Development, 2020

India has employed a variety of military, political and economic measures to combat the long running insurgency in Kashmir with little evidence on what contributes to stability in the region. This paper uses a variety of tests to detect structural breaks in the time series for violence over the...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
Kristi Mahrt, Andrea Rossi, Vincenzo Salvucci, Finn Tarp - Child Indicators Research, 2020

We analyse the multidimensional wellbeing of children aged 0–17 in Mozambique and find that 46.3% can be considered multidimensionally poor.  A substantial divide exists between urban and rural areas and between northern and southern provinces. We compare Mozambican children’s...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
Carol Newman, John Rand, Finn Tarp, Neda Trifković - Journal of Development Studies, 2020

Using a representative sample of more than 5,000 Vietnamese enterprises, we explore the firm-level productivity effects of corporate social responsibility (CSR). The data enables us to create 12 quantitative CSR measures, which can be grouped into two broader categories related to management and...

Working Paper pdf
– Are LDCs being left behind?
Giovanni Valensisi - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper provides a preliminary assessment of COVID-19’s impact on global poverty in the light of the IMF’s April 2020 growth forecasts. The analysis shows that the pandemic will have dramatic consequences, eroding many of the gains recorded over the last decade in terms of poverty...

Working Paper pdf
– Experimental evidence from Rwanda
Patricia Justino, Marinella Leone, Pierfrancesco Rolla, Monique Abimpaye, Caroline Dusabe, Diane Uwamahoro, Richard Germond - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper investigates the short- and medium-term impact of a randomized group-based early child development programme targeting parents of children aged six to 24 months in a poor, rural district of Rwanda. The programme engaged parents through sessions that included a radio show and...

Working Paper pdf
Dirk van Seventer, Finn Tarp, Khin Ohnmar Myint Thein, Soe Thie Nu Htwe, Nyaung Tai - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Based on a recently constructed 2017 Social Accounting Matrix, we examine structural aspects of the Myanmar economy. The exposition ranges from industry, trade, household income, and expenditure to labour market issues. Agriculture remains dominant, accounting for about 50 per cent of...

Working Paper pdf
Susan Namirembe Kavuma, Christine Byaruhanga, Nicholas Musoke, Patrick Loke, Michael Noble, Gemma Wright - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

The distributional analysis of consumption taxes is useful for establishing the welfare impact of tax policy. This paper uses the UGAMOD microsimulation model to establish the tax incidence and welfare impact of excise duty in Uganda. The results reveal that households in the top deciles pay...

Working Paper pdf
Eva-Maria Egger, Vincenzo Salvucci, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Mozambique experienced important reduction in the poverty rate until recently, before two major natural disasters hit and the country started suffering from a hidden debt scandal with associated economic slowdown. As the last available national household expenditure survey is from 2014/15,...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from bunching at kink points of the South African income tax schedule
Neryvia Pillay Bell - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

The author applies the bunching methodology to South African administrative tax data over the period from 2011 to 2017 to investigate the responsiveness of individual taxpayers to changes in marginal personal income tax rates. She finds significant evidence of bunching among the self-employed...

Blog
– COVID-19 in South Africa
Simone Schotte - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

South Africa’s COVID-19 lockdown regulations are likely to have a devastating impact on the incomes of workers and their dependents. Already disadvantaged groups will suffer disproportionately from the adverse effects. Low-income earners performing jobs in precarious, informal sectors of...

Blog
Kehinde Oluwaseun - UNU-WIDER, 2020

While growing up, I was troubled by the scale of the socioeconomic gap between the haves and the have-nots in the community around me. I saw cases where some individuals and households could afford education, quality healthcare, nice houses, nutritious food and good clothing, while others lived...

Blog
– Priorities and trade-offs
Wim Naudé - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

The rush to harness Artificial Intelligence (AI) in the fight against the pandemic may be an opportunity for developing countries to accelerate the digitalization of their economies. In theory, AI can help track and predict the spread of the infection, make diagnoses and prognoses, and search...

Ronald Waiswa, Joseph Okello Ayo, Michael Noble, Christine Byaruhanga, Susan Kavuma, Gemma Wright - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This report documents UGAMOD, the SOUTHMOD model developed for Uganda. The report describes the different tax–benefit policies in place, how the microsimulation model picks up these different provisions, and the database on which the model runs. It concludes with a validation of UGAMOD...

– A suddenly relevant indicator of privilege and inequality in labour market outcomes
Piotr Lewandowski - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

The COVID-19 pandemic constitutes an unprecedented shock for labour markets around the world. Non-pharmaceutical interventions, such as social distancing, and limits on economic activity and mobility of people, are a necessary response. The International Labour Organization (ILO) estimates that...

Displaying 16 of 7188 results.