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Publications (7223)

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– Accounting for inequality changes in Spain during the recession
Carlos Gradín - The review of income and wealth, 2020

I discuss a new approach which decomposes inequality into the contributions of population groups by income sources. I estimate a matrix with rows and columns which indicate different population groups and income sources, respectively, with each element indicating the marginal change in the...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– Assessing the short-term impact on consumption and poverty of the 2015 flood in Mozambique
Vincenzo Salvucci, Ricardo Santos - Ecological Economics, 2020

Mozambique is among the most disaster-prone countries in the world. A bigger than usual, and mostly unexpected, flood occurred in the central-northern region of the country in the first few months of 2015, causing huge damage to infrastructures.  In this study, we use a nationally...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– Are Factors Outside Individual Responsibility Persistent Over Time?
Rajius Idzalika, Maria C. Lo Bue - Journal of Development Studies, 2020

Not all sources of inequality in educational achievements are fair. But how strong and persistent is the burden of unequal opportunities that each person carries on in their life? In this paper, we define individual indices of the burden of circumstances, which measure the effect that the...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
Carol Newman, John Rand, Finn Tarp, Neda Trifković - Journal of Development Studies, 2020

Using a representative sample of more than 5,000 Vietnamese enterprises, we explore the firm-level productivity effects of corporate social responsibility (CSR). The data enables us to create 12 quantitative CSR measures, which can be grouped into two broader categories related to management and...

Sayema Haque Bidisha, Avinno Faruk - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

With the first confirmed case of COVID-19 in Bangladesh on 8 March 2020 and the initiation of a lockdown on 26 March 2020,1 the livelihoods of a significant number of people were under serious threat — with women most likely to suffer the worst impacts for a variety of reasons....

UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Over the last 50 years, Asia has emerged as the most important laboratory for understanding the roots of state effectiveness and the consequences of different modes of state action for delivering enhanced wellbeing. While in the mid-twentieth century social science researchers were focused on...

Kwabena Adu-Ababio, Robert Darko Osei, Jukka Pirttilä, Pia Rattenhuber - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This report documents GHAMOD, the SOUTHMOD model developed for Ghana. The report describes the different tax-benefit policies in place, how the microsimulation model picks up these different provisions, and the database on which the model runs. It concludes with a validation of MOZMOD...

Arnab Acharya - Devex, 2020

The most effective way to fight COVID-19 is by vaccinating against infection. But once the vaccine is developed, how can it be distributed across the world’s population? The key will be decoupling the production of the vaccine from its development. The assignment of...

Pamela Nakamba-Kabaso, Shebo Nalishebo, Florence Muleya, Mbewe Kalikeka, Christine Byaruhanga, Jabulani Jele, David McLennan, Michael Noble, Gemma Wright - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This report documents MicroZAMOD, the SOUTHMOD micrososimulation model developed for Zambia. The report describes the different tax–benefit policies in place, how the microsimulation model takes advantage of these different provisions, and the database on which the model runs...

Dev Nathan, Govind Kelkar - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

"We cannot solve problems by using the same kind of thinking we used when we created them."  – Albert Einstein Economists invariably divide shocks into two types: endogenous and exogenous. Endogenous shocks arise from within the economic system. The Great Recession of 2008...

– Five key issues and solutions
Jukka Pirttilä, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Taxation, and public sector matters more generally, are high on the agenda for the international development community. This is clearly reflected in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). SDG17 stipulates the need for improving domestic resource mobilization directly, and most of the other...

– The framing of social protection policies in Tanzania
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Until 2010s, social protection was not high on the political agenda in Tanzania. Yet in 2012, the government approved the implementation of a nationwide conditional cash transfer programme. What led the government to commit to a policy area that was otherwise of low priority? The...

– What would the pioneers of development economics make of new trends in developing economies?
Andy Sumner, Arief Yusuf, Kunal Sen - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Today, we see clear trends in developing countries of a potentially troubling ‘new normal’ for economic development. We see tertiarization with rising inequality. We see urbanization without growth. And we see the expansion of the globally-integrated sector of the economy with little...

– Example from Malawi
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Social assistance programmes have proliferated across Africa alongside redemocratization — the return of multi-party systems with regular, competitive elections. Competitive elections in Africa can provide an incentive to welfare policy reform because they push presidential candidates and...

Working Paper pdf
Vidhya Unnikrishnan, Kunal Sen - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Whether cash transfers have unintended behavioural effects on the recipient household’s labour supply is of considerable policy interest. We examine the ‘intent to treat effect’ of the Indira Gandhi National Old-Age Pension Scheme on prime-age women’s labour supply...

Working Paper pdf
– Assessing the relative effectiveness of egalitarian governance and healthcare system capacity on the COVID-19 pandemic
Krishna Chaitanya Vadlamannati, Arusha Cooray, Indra de Soysa - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Scholars of public health typically focus on societal equity for explaining public health outcomes. Indeed, the COVID-19 pandemic has led to a spate of studies showing a tight connection between inequitable access to healthcare, welfare services, and adverse outcomes from the pandemic. Others...

Displaying 16 of 7223 results.