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Publications (6201)

Working Paper pdf
Nancy Qian - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

I first document that the introduction of the One Child Policy dramatically increased sex selection in certain regions, and that the Chinese government responded to this by allowing parents who had a daughter as their first child to try for a second child. Next, I show that the increase in...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from an insurgency in India
Heidi Kaila, Saurabh Singhal, Divya Tuteja - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

India has employed a variety of military, political, and economic measures to combat the long running insurgency in Kashmir with little evidence on what contributes to stability in the region. This paper uses a variety of tests to detect structural breaks in the time series for violence over the...

Working Paper pdf
– A bottom-up analysis of International Monetary Fund tax work in Panama, Seychelles, and the Netherlands
Matti Ylönen - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

I analyse the evolution of the International Monetary Fund tax policy advice in three countries commonly used for tax evasion or avoidance: Panama, Seychelles, and the Netherlands. A review of loan agreements and Country Reports covering 1999 to 2017 highlights the dependence of the Fund...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– Panel Evidence from Vietnam
Amadou Boly - The Journal of Development Studies, 2017

This paper analyses the consequences of formalisation on the performance of informal firms, using a panel dataset from Vietnam. We find that switching firms (before switching) have higher profit and value added compared to non-switching firms; suggesting heterogeneity. Becoming formal leads to...

– First steps
Katrina Jurva - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This year UNU-WIDER is launching several video series to highlight the wide span of policy-relevant work undertaken by the Institute and its worldwide network. Mini-documentaries and interviews with experts in key contexts, like South Africa and now Viet Nam, have shed light on how research can...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
Nana Mensah Abrampah, Maggie Montgomery, April Baller, Francis Ndivo, Alex Gasasira, Catherine Cooper, Ruben Frescas, Bruce Gordon, Shamsuzzoha Babar Syed - Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 2017 - Geneva, Switzerland

Problem The lack of proper water and sanitation infrastructures and poor hygiene practices in health-care facilities reduces facilities’ preparedness and response to disease outbreaks and decreases the communities’ trust in the health services provided. Approach To improve...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
Guadalupe Bedoya, Amy Dolinger, Khama Rogo, Njeri Mwaura, Francis Wafula, Jorge Coarasa, Ana Goicoechea, Jishnu Das - Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 2017 - Geneva, Switzerland

Objective To assess compliance with infection prevention and control practices in primary health care in Kenya. Methods We used an observational, patient-tracking tool to assess compliance with infection prevention and control practices by 1680 health-care workers during outpatient...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
Stephan Brenner, Danielle Wilhelm, Julia Lohmann, Christabel Kambala, Jobiba Chinkhumba, Adamson S Muula, Manuela De Allegri - Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 2017 - Geneva, Switzerland

Objective To evaluate the impact of a performance-based financing scheme on maternal and neonatal health service quality in Malawi. Methods We conducted a non-randomized controlled before and after study to evaluate the effects of district- and facility-level performance incentives for...

Blog
Katrina Jurva - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

The international community rarely calls for a revolution. In this case, it has. A data revolution, says UNU-WIDER Director Finn Tarp. Viet Nam has seen large changes to its economy since the advent of doi moi, the new beginning, in the 1980s. Poverty levels are significantly down...

Working Paper pdf
Sally Murray - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper argues that new technologies—for communication, such as mobile phones and the internet, but also for manufacturing, agriculture, energy, and transport—have the potential to bridge many of the productivity gaps between sub-Saharan Africa and more advanced developing and...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from an artefactual field experiment in rural Uganda
Ben D’Exelle, Christine Gutekunst, Arno Riedl - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

We study gender differences in bilateral bargaining using an artefactual field experiment in rural Uganda, through variation in gender composition of bargaining pairs and in disclosure of identities. Disagreement is common independently of disclosure condition, but less frequent among female-only...

Report pdf
– ECUAMOD v1.0
H. Xavier Jara, Mauricio Cuesta, Marcelo Varela, César Amores - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This report documents ECUAMOD, the SOUTHMOD model developed for Ecuador. This work was carried out by the ISER in collaboration with the Instituto de Altos Estudios Nacionales. The results presented in this report are derived using ECUAMOD version 1.0 running on EUROMOD software. The report...

Tony Addison - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

It’s early July and I’m back in Maputo, Mozambique, looking over the calm sea at the boats that fish the waters for the seafood that makes visiting this part of Africa such a treat. The sunset here is a delicate combination of pale turquoise, light grey, and warm pink. Coming from the...

Working Paper pdf
Celia M. Reyes, Christian D. Mina, Ronina D. Asis - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper contributes to the scant body of literature on inequalities among and within ethnic groups in the Philippines by examining both the vertical and horizontal measures in terms of opportunities in accessing basic services such as education, electricity, safe water, and sanitation. The...

Working Paper pdf
– Accounting for underreported consumption
Channing Arndt, Kristi Mahrt - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Household budget surveys in sub-Saharan Africa are designed to facilitate poverty measurement and may fail to fully capture consumption in wealthy households. As a result, inequality is likely underestimated. We address upper tier consumption underreporting by aligning consumption derived from...

Working Paper pdf
John R. Bowen - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper considers arguments about Islam and women’s welfare, and, at greater length, how legal systems with Islamic elements treat women, with a focus on how women fare in Islamic family courts. Key methodological issues include how to focus on real-world views and practices rather...

Displaying 16 of 6201 results.