Filter by...
Reset all
WP number

Publications (5946)

Working Paper pdf
– The view from Zambia
Angel Mondoloka - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Mining is the largest sector of the Zambian economy but, as has been the case elsewhere, the relationship between mining companies and their host communities has been fractious, without a clear path towards sustainability. The severe social, economic, and environmental impacts of mining have been...

Working Paper pdf
Bruno Merven, Channing Arndt, Harald Winkler - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper presents some methodological improvements made to the linked SATIM–eSAGE energy-economy-environment modelling framework for analysing energy and climate policy in South Africa. The improvements include the linking of the households and the other economic sectors of the eSAGE...

Working Paper pdf
Tara Caetano, Bruno Merven - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Developed as well as developing countries will have to increase their ambition relative to their stated Nationally Determined Contributions to limit global temperature increases to 2°C above pre-industrial levels. South Africa’s Nationally Determined Contribution, in line with national...

Working Paper pdf
– Empirical evidence from northern Ghana
Benjamin Tetteh Anang - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper investigates the factors influencing participation in non-farm work and the effect of participation on farmers’ productivity, using survey data from 300 smallholder farm households in northern Ghana. The study employs an endogenous switching regression model to address selection...

Working Paper pdf
Jeremy Seekings - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

The ‘affordability’ of new or expanded social protection programmes depends on more than an assessment of the fiscal costs or the poverty-reducing or developmental benefits. Diverse international organizations have shown that programmes costing less than or about 1 per cent of GDP...

Working Paper pdf
Giles Henley - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Given unsuccessful experiences to date in establishing large-scale investments for biofuels in Zambia, this paper explores the social constraints that may hinder future efforts to use the same models. The author reviews the legal framework that has guided the establishment of most agricultural...

Working Paper pdf
– Tensions and trade-offs of land registration and titling in sub-Saharan Africa
Catherine Boone - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Land registration and titling in Africa has been seen as a means of legal empowerment of the poor that can protect smallholders’ and pastoralists’ rights of access to land and other land-based resources. Land registration is also on the ethnojustice agenda in parts of Africa and...

– Regional integration in southern Africa through supermarkets
Katrina Jurva - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Walk into any supermarket and you will find a mix of products to stock the kitchen. It’s easy to assume that many of the goods on offer are sourced locally and from nearby countries. In the region of southern Africa, however, imported goods are often shipped from another continent instead...

Working Paper pdf
– A portrait of capacity and competition in various market segments
Heinrich C. Bofinger - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Sub-Saharan Africa’s air transport, though low in overall volume when compared to other regions in the world, has experienced significant growth in the last decade, both in international and domestic traffic. The sector, in part because of its relatively small size, still faces the...

Working Paper pdf
Pieter Van der Zwan, Danie Schutte, Waldo Kruggel, Joel Seshabela, Hayley Reynolds, Londiwe Khoza - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper aims to describe funding structures of companies liable for tax in South Africa and how this relates to other characteristics, including ownership, of the companies. The research that the paper reports on was performed as descriptive analyses. While no clear indication of a...

Working Paper pdf
– Patterns, causes and implications
Adrian Wood - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

在1985-2015 年期间,全球化加深了与要素禀赋相关的部门专门化模式。在技术 力量充足的发达国家,制造业变得更为技术密集化。在土地稀缺的东亚发展中国家, 尤其是中国,劳动密集型的制造业得到扩张。在土地充足的发展中地区,制造业却陷 入停滞甚至衰退;然而,在土地稀缺的南亚地区,制造业的发展受到低识字率、薄弱 基础设施的拖累。在大多数国家,服务部门在产出和就业中所占的比重增加,但主要 原因却并非全球化。未来数十年部门结构的变化受到许多不确定性的影响,但大体趋 势会继续由各国土地存量和技术供给之间的差异来塑造。 Resources Statistical ...

Working Paper pdf
– Exploring the relationship using new data
Armin von Schiller - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper explores the effect of party system institutionalization on the reliance of tax systems on the personal income tax. As a first step, the paper re-examines the relationship between party system institutionalization and taxation patterns employing the recently launched Government Revenue...

Working Paper pdf
– Opening markets to create opportunities
Bernard Hoekman - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper reviews the role of services in development and growth, the potential role of trade in services as a driver of the productivity performance of sectors that use services as inputs, and the links between services policies and domestic trade costs. Barriers to trade in services have...

Working Paper pdf
– Lessons from Nigeria and Ghana
Joanna Buckley, Neil McCulloch, Nick Travis - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Donor interest in the extractives sector is based upon the premise that it represents an opportunity to improve a country’s development prospects. However, in many cases the presence of extractive resources is associated with poor economic performance. As a result, some donors are trying a...

Reena das Nair - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

A shopper prepares to pay at an informal shop in Soweto, South Africa. Smaller retailers are struggling to grow.   Supermarkets are a key route to market for many suppliers of food and household consumable products. The growth of supermarket chains in southern...

Working Paper pdf
Catherine Macdonald - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

A major challenge for almost all extractives activity is that benefits accrue predominantly at the national level while disruptions are invariably highly localized close to the resource. Recently, extractives companies have intensified efforts to correct this imbalance. The aim of this paper is...

Displaying 16 of 5946 results.