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Publications (7534)

Gaaitzen de Vries, Emmanuel Mensah, Hagen Kruse, Kunal Sen - The Conversation, 2021

The COVID-19 pandemic has wreaked havoc on the global economy, with world output contracting at 3.5% in 2020, and no recovery likely before the fourth quarter of 2021. Similar to other developing regions, sub-Saharan Africa recorded a 2.6% decline, following strong growth of 3.2% in 2019....

Rachel M. Gisselquist - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Among the many things said about the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) is the description by the President of the UN General Assembly’s 70th session, Mogens Lykketoft, that the SDGs represented ‘an unprecedented statistical challenge’. In addition to the 17 goals, there are...

Anne Tomi - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

In September 2020, due to the ongoing pandemic, SA-TIED moved its seminar series online. What once took place at the National Treasury in Pretoria, now takes place once or twice a month on Zoom. The SA-TIED seminar series is designed to bring South African and international researchers and...

– Introducing the latest version of the Government Revenue Dataset
Kyle McNabb - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Thanks to the updated version of the Government Revenue Dataset (GRD) we are now able to gain a clear picture of tax and other revenue trends in over 190 countries over the past four decades, up until 2018. The GRD remains the most complete source of cross-country revenue data available....

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from two matched employer–employee surveys
Paolo Falco, Henrik Hansen, John Rand, Finn Tarp, Neda Trifković - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

We look into the relationship between business practices and enterprise productivity using panel data with matched employer and employee information from Myanmar. The data show that micro, small, and medium-size enterprises in Myanmar typically do only a few modern business practices. Even so...

Working Paper pdf
– Skills-differentiated evidence from Sri Lanka
Bilesha Weeraratne - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This study examines the skills-differentiated impact of a restrictive female labour migration policy in Sri Lanka using monthly departure data from 2012 to 2018 in a difference-in-difference model. The policy has resulted in decreasing departures among lower-skilled groups—female domestic,...

Working Paper pdf
Matthew J. Easterbrook - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

In this review, I provide an overview of the literature investigating the social psychology of economic inequality, focusing on individuals’ understandings, perceptions, and reactions to inequality. I begin by describing different ways of measuring perceptions of inequality, and conclude...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from India
Shreya Bhattacharya - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

The contact hypothesis posits that having diverse neighbours may reduce one’s intergroup prejudice. This hypothesis is difficult to test as individuals self-select into neighbourhoods. Using a slum relocation programme in India that randomly assigned neighbours, I examine the effects of...

Working Paper pdf
Henrik Hansen, John Rand, Neda Trifković - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Employer-provided benefits are independent elements in the compensation packages that make up firms’ payment strategies. Such benefits are aimed at attracting and retaining preferred employees and improving incentives. In Myanmar, there are two employee benefit systems: (1) an...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from Ghana
Michael Danquah, Abdul Malik Iddrisu, Ernest Owusu Boakye, Solomon Owusu - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Using household data from the latest wave of the Ghana Living Standards Survey, this paper utilizes machine learning techniques to examine the effect of gender wage differences within households on women’s empowerment and welfare in Ghana. The structural parameters of the post-double...

Working Paper pdf
– Rents, issues, methods, and data availability
Anton Löf, Olof Löf, Magnus Ericsson - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

The focus of this study is rent in the diamond industry. Based on extensive datasets and a discussion of all relevant costs, we present resource rent statistics from the diamond industry in key producer countries in emerging economies such as Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of the Congo,...

Working Paper pdf
Elineema Kisanga, Vincent Leyaro, Wahabi Matengo, Michael Noble, Helen Barnes, Gemma Wright - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper explores the distributional impact of lowering the value-added tax rate for standard-rated items in Tanzania Mainland. Using a static tax-benefit microsimulation model—TAZMOD—which is underpinned by data derived from the Household Budget Survey 2017/18, reductions in...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from India
Sudipa Sarkar - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper analyses whether living in a locality with high crime against women affects the probability of early marriage—that is, marriage before the legal age of marriage of girls. We hypothesize that parents who perceive themselves to live in a high-crime locality would marry their...

Working Paper pdf
Sandra Kristine Halvorsen - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Manufacturing industry expansion is a central part of Ethiopia’s growth and transformation agenda due to its potential for accelerated economic development and large-scale job creation, in particular for women. However, the industry is experiencing extremely high labour turnover rates,...

Working Paper pdf
Roseline Misati, Kethi Ngoka - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This study sought to examine the main constraints to manufacturing export competitiveness in Tanzania. Using panel data for the period 1997–2018, the study established that supply-side factors dominate demand-side factors in explaining manufacturing export competitiveness. Specifically,...

Working Paper pdf
Ines A. Ferreira, Rachel M. Gisselquist, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Countering recent rises in many countries of inequality in income and wealth is widely recognized as a major development challenge. This is so from an ethical perspective and because greater inequality is perceived to be detrimental to key development aims. Still, an informed debate on the...

Displaying 64 of 7534 results.