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Publications (7569)

Journal Article
– Rapidly increasing top incomes amid low national growth in South Africa
Ihsaan Bassier, Ingrid Woolard - South African Journal of Economics , 2021

THIS ARTICLE IS ON EARLY VIEW. Despite South Africa’s need for inclusive economic growth, we find that the top income percentiles continue to diverge from the rest of the income distribution. We compare household survey data and tax data (which, unlike household survey data, includes...

– Concepts, methods, and determinants
Vegard Iversen, Anirudh Krishna, Kunal Sen - Oxford University Press, 2021

BOOK IN PRODUCTION | SCHEDULED FOR PUBLICATION OCTOBER 2021. Social mobility — defined as the ability to move from a lower to a higher level of education or occupational status, or from a lower to a higher social class or income group — is the hope of economic development...

Journal Article
– Empirical Evidence from Indian Manufacturing Firms
Karishma Banga - European Journal of Development Research, 2021

THIS ARTICLE IS ON EARLY VIEW. This article provides empirical evidence on the impact of digitalisation on product upgrading in global value chains (GVCs). Analysis is done for a sample of Indian manufacturing GVC firms in the period 2001–15 from the firm-level database Prowess, using...

Journal Special Issue This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– Vietnamese and Afghan migrants in Canada, Germany, the UK, and the US
Rachel M. Gisselquist - Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 2021

THIS COLLECTION OF ARTICLES IS ON EARLY VIEW. Migration is an inherent feature of human history. A rich literature considers the experiences of global migrants across diverse environments. This special issue explores such experiences with a focus on inequality between migrants and host...

Anne Tomi - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Most jobs right out of university are either filled with busy work or too much work—very little time is available for gaining new skills.  This early career period is arguably the most important time for skill building and professional development, which is why the Research...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from Mozambique
Ines A. Ferreira, Sam Jones, Jorge Mouco, Ricardo Santos - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

We examine the link between individual characteristics and sorting into different occupations using data from university students in Mozambique. We provide a comprehensive approach combining the main determinants of occupational sorting identified in the literature in a single framework to...

Working Paper pdf
Andrew Kerr - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Overall income inequality in South Africa is very high, and inequality generated in the labour market is a key driver of inequality. In this paper, I use the Post-Apartheid Labour Market Series, the General Household Surveys, and administrative tax microdata to describe earnings inequality in...

Working Paper pdf
– The case of Indonesia
Arief Anshory Yusuf, Putri Riswani Halim - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper analyses the labour market dynamics in Indonesia from 2001 to 2015 and explores the role of the changing nature of occupational employment in explaining the rising earnings inequality during the same period. First, we find evidence of a disproportionate increase in the returns to...

Working Paper pdf
Rachel M. Gisselquist, Andrea Vaccaro - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

We expect effective state institutions to matter in a country’s ability to respond to crises. Yet notably in the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic, what has stood out in simple global snapshots is that wealthier countries with stronger institutions have had the highest numbers of cases...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from Morocco
Olivier Bargain, Maria C. Lo Bue - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

The present paper sheds new light on the growth implications of gender inequalities in the Moroccan labour market. We confront two different approaches. The first one is based on firm data to estimate gender complementarity in production and uses this information for simulations based on a...

Working Paper pdf
– The role of trade credit
Isaac Marcelin, Daniel Brink, Wei Sun - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

We study the role of trade credit in enhancing the resilience of financially constrained firms from 2010 to 2017. Implicit borrowing in trade finance allows financially constrained firms to bridge the financing gap, expand employment by 8.26 per cent, and increase average firm profits...

Working Paper pdf
– An impulse response analysis by local projections for South Africa
Serena Merrino - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

The aim of this paper is to assess South Africa’s fiscal multiplier across different states of the economy, with a focus on the financial accelerator mechanism of fiscal policy shocks, by estimating impulse response functions from both linear and non-linear local projections. The model...

UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Recent analysis of inequality trends — which relies on the World Income Inequality Database (WIID) Companion, a pair of rich new datasets — assesses the extent to which inequality trends depend on certain views about inequality, including whether absolute or relative income changes...

Simone Schotte, Rocco Zizzamia - News24, 2021 - Cape Town, South Africa

The COVID-19 pandemic delivered a devastating economic shock to livelihoods across the world. In Cape Town, it has been toughest on those who had just found a way to keep their heads above water, living on the fringes of urban society. The COVID-19 lockdown in South Africa was one of the...

– Evidence from a randomized neighbourhood relocation policy in India
Shreya Bhattacharya - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Caste in India plays an instrumental role in determining access to education, jobs, public spaces, and social networks. For instance, despite state governments providing incentives to encourage intercaste marriage, only 4.9% of marriages in India take place outside caste . While numerous...

Agustin Redonda - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Tax benefits to boost contributions into pension funds or pension-related tax expenditures (PTEs) are used widely by governments worldwide to address issues related to the aging of population and the sustainability of retirement systems. Although these goals are worth pursuing, PTEs are often...

Displaying 16 of 7569 results.