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Publications (8239)

Working Paper pdf
– How local communities in Italy keep anti-fascist sentiments alive
Simone Cremaschi, Juan Masullo J. - UNU-WIDER, 2023 - Helsinki, Finland

Can past wartime experiences other than violence have long-term effects on political attitudes and behaviours? How are these legacies sustained across generations and beyond those who directly experienced war? We explore these questions in Italy, a country whose democratic institutions were...

Working Paper pdf
– Income and taxable income, adjusted for retirement fund and medical expense reporting changes
Andrew R. Donaldson - UNU-WIDER, 2023 - Helsinki, Finland

Tax administration statistics now provide considerably more complete and reliable measures of South African personal income and its distribution than the available household or other survey sources. However, there are difficulties in using tax data across time, as both policy and reporting...

Working Paper pdf
Adeel Malik, Rinchan Ali Mirza, Faiz Ur Rehman - UNU-WIDER, 2023 - Helsinki, Finland

We examine whether frontier rule, which disallows frontier residents from recourse to formal institutions of conflict management and disproportionately empowers tribal elites, provides a more fragile basis for maintaining social order in the face of shocks. Combining a historical border that...

Working Paper pdf
Nicola Daniele Coniglio, Vitorocco Peragine, Davide Vurchio - UNU-WIDER, 2023 - Helsinki, Finland

In this paper we explore the links between international migration and income inequality. After presenting a simple model which considers the role of income distribution in individual decisions to migrate, we estimate a set of models on the determinants of yearly bilateral migration from a very...

Working Paper pdf
– The case of Afghanistan
Nematullah Bizhan - UNU-WIDER, 2023 - Helsinki, Finland

The aid effectiveness principles have limits if the recipient is fragile. The problem of relevance exists if the recipient has an authoritarian or totalitarian regime. In situations of weak statehood and fragility, a large portion of aid would likely bypass the state because of high demand for...

Working Paper pdf
Paolo Brunori, Francisco H.G. Ferreira, Guido Neidhöfer - UNU-WIDER, 2023 - Helsinki, Finland

How strong is the transmission of socio-economic status across generations in Latin America? To answer this question, we first review the empirical literature on intergenerational mobility and inequality of opportunity for the region, summarizing results for both income and educational outcomes...

Working Paper pdf
– The case of Ghana
Charles Godfred Ackah, Monica P. Lambon-Quayefio - UNU-WIDER, 2023 - Helsinki, Finland

One essential condition of economic progress in any society is an ample supply of savings, which depends on the growth of real capital. Economists agree that higher investment rates will lead to higher growth. Thus, domestic savings is considered an important determinant of growth in...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– Experimental evidence from Rwanda
Patricia Justino, Marinella Leone, Pierfrancesco Rolla, Monique Abimpaye - Journal of the European Economic Association, 0

THIS ARTICLE IS ON EARLY VIEW  |  This study investigates the short- and medium-term impact of a randomized group-based early child development program targeting parents of children aged 6–24 months in a poor, rural district of Rwanda. This low-intensity, short-duration, and...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– Evidence from Mozambique
Sam Jones, Thomas Pave Sohnesen, Neda Trifković - Journal of International Development, 0

THIS ARTICLE IS ON EARLY VIEW  |  We examine how returns to education have evolved in the context of post-conflict reconstruction and economic growth in Mozambique over the period 1996–2015. We show that private rates of return to education have declined at lower levels of...

UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2023 - Helsinki, Finland

Zambia is putting in place fiscal measures to improve the efficient collection of domestic revenue to finance social and public infrastructure. This analysis shows how much more revenue can be accumulated if tax evasion was at the bare minimum. Tax gap describes the share of the potential...

UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2023 - Helsinki, Finland

Along with several other African countries, Zambia has introduced a withholding system for value-added tax (VAT) to improve revenue collection and compliance. Even though VAT withholding policies are applied in several countries in Africa and similar industry-specific policies in Europe,...

Gindo Tampubolon - Global Development Institute, 2023 - Manchester, United Kingdom

The toll of the COVID-19 pandemic is still being assessed. Meanwhile, new variants continue to threaten as the reservoir of infected people remains large enough for mutations to proliferate. Excess deaths, a global measure, are estimated at 14.9 million for 2020–21 by the World Health...

– What Zambia is doing right
Jukka Pirttilä, Mari Kangasniemi - The Conversation Africa, 2023 - Johannesburg, South Africa

Over half of Zambia’s population lived below the national poverty line in 2015. In rural areas, where 89% of households are engaged in agriculture, the poverty rate was even higher, at 77% of the population. Coffee harvest at a farm in Zambia. Photo by Oleksandr Rupeta/NurPhoto...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
Michael Danquah, Bazoumana Ouattara - , 2023

A plethora of work has been done on the effectiveness of foreign aid. However, virtually none of the previous cross- country macro studies have investigated the impact of aid on social cohesion. Yet, in order to promote the achievement of the targets in SDG 16, donors and global partners of...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
Tony Addison, Atanu Ghoshray - Resource and Energy Economics, 2023

In this study, we develop an empirical framework that allows us to trace out a time path of metal prices. This framework shows that unpredictable shifts in demand, extraction costs and discovery of reserves, make estimation of the slope of this underlying trend an empirical question. Further,...

Working Paper pdf
– Examining the impact of relative income on formal and informal debt in South Africa
Shakeba Foster - UNU-WIDER, 2023 - Helsinki, Finland

How does income inequality impact the propensity for and levels of formal and informal household debt? This paper assesses this question using the two most recent waves of the South African Living Conditions Survey. A range of linear models as well as a zero-inflated Poisson model are employed...

Displaying 32 of 8239 results.