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Publications (5654)

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
Channing Arndt, M. Azhar Hussain, Vincenzo Salvucci, Lars Peter Østerdal - Economics & Human Biology, 2016 - Amsterdam, Netherlands

A propitiously timed household survey carried out in Mozambique over the period 2008/2009 permits us to study the relationship between shifts in food prices and child nutrition status in a low income setting.We focus on weight-for-height and weight-for-age in different survey quarters characterized...

Working Paper pdf
Carol Newman, John Rand, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2016 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper explores the relationship between imports and firm productivity, focusing on imported intermediates. Using firm-level data on over 20,000 manufacturing firms in Viet Nam, we find evidence for competition-induced productivity gains from trade. We show that gains in intermediate sectors...

Working Paper pdf
Alan Roe - UNU-WIDER, 2016 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper examines the possible implications for the financial systems of low-income African economies and in particular Tanzania of their stated aspiration to achieve middle-income status. In doing so it finds little evidence that the mere increase of gross domestic product per capita will lead...

Blog
Alan Roe, Samantha Dodd - UNU-WIDER, 2016 - Helsinki, FInland

In an earlier blog we showed how the trend from 1996 to 2012 in low- and middle-income countries had been one of unambiguously increasing resource dependence – measured in terms of exports. However, most of that sixteen year period coincided with a time of rising commodity prices. A...

Working Paper pdf
Amadou Boly, Robert Gillanders - UNU-WIDER, 2016 - Helsinki, Finland

We analyse policy makers’ incentives to fight corruption under different institutional qualities. We find that ‘public officials’, even when non-corrupt, significantly distort anti-corruption institutions by choosing a lower detection probability when this probability applies to...

Blog
M Niaz Asadullah, Fathema Khatoon, Abdul Alim - UNU-WIDER, 2016 - Helsinki, Finland

Women in most parts of the developing world are under-represented in the workplace and poorly paid. One reason for this is the gender gap in education – women tend to be less schooled than men. Two countries that have made progress in getting girls into schools are Bangladesh and Uganda....

James Stewart - UNU-WIDER, 2016 - Helsinki, Finland

Industries based on natural resources such as oil, gas, and minerals can play a major positive role in the development of low- and middle-income countries, however they can also lead to a very narrow kind of growth which excludes the poor and damages the economy and environment. Good policy is...

Blog
Alan Roe, Samantha Dodd - , 0

The UNU-WIDER project on extractives for development seeks to examine how poor and middle-income countries can best use their natural resource wealth to promote development. It is well understood that minerals, metals, oil or gas (collectively known as ‘extractives’) have for...

Working Paper pdf
Mohammed Arouri, Adel Ben-Youssef, Cuong Nguyen - UNU-WIDER, 2016 - Helsinki, Finland

We investigate whether there are racial and ethnic disparities in children’s education in Ethiopia, India, Peru, and Viet Nam. We find that in all the four countries, and especially in Viet Nam, children from small ethnic groups have lower education attainment and cognitive ability. The gap...

Working Paper pdf
Sunil Mitra Kumar - UNU-WIDER, 2016 - Helsinki, Finland

In India, caste shapes access to a variety of resources and outcomes mainly through its influence on inter-generational prosperity, but also the linked phenomenon of discrimination. This paper examines whether caste-based differences in access to formal agricultural loans reflect discrimination in...

Adrienne Lucas - UNU-WIDER, 2016 - Helsinki, Finland

Both health and education are essential for reducing poverty. Unfortunately, the two are often interlinked and in many countries both are severely lacking. In a recent study of HIV/AIDS treatment in Zambia presented at the UNU-WIDER Human Capital and Growth conference, Nicholas Wilson,...

Working Paper pdf
Judith Fessehaie, Zavareh Rustomjee, Lauralyn Kaziboni - UNU-WIDER, 2016 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper explores the linkages between the national systems of innovation of Botswana, South Africa, Zambia, and Zimbabwe and their respective mineral extraction and mineral processing value chains, including input industries. Our analysis reveals four individual national systems of innovation,...

Working Paper pdf
Judith Fessehaie, Zavareh Rustomjee, Lauralyn Kaziboni - UNU-WIDER, 2016 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper explores the potential to leverage large-scale mineral extraction in Botswana, Zambia, and Zimbabwe to foster mineral beneficiation and upstream industries. The evidence suggests that the success or failure of a resource-based industrialization approach is country and sector specific,...

Working Paper pdf
Muhammad Badiuzzaman, Syed Mansoob Murshed - UNU-WIDER, 2016 - Helsinki, Finland

We evaluate the effectiveness of a post-conflict development programme on maternal health-care utilization in the Chittagong Hill Tracts of Bangladesh. Our work varies from conventional impact evaluation studies because of the inclusion of two post-conflict psychosocial risks: the household’s...

Working Paper pdf
Hemanshu Kumar, Rohini Somanthan - UNU-WIDER, 2016 - Helsinki, Finland

Research on caste-based inequalities in India has generally focused on differences between large categories such as the Scheduled Castes, the Scheduled Tribes, and the remainder of the population. We contribute to the literature on horizontal inequalities in India by looking within these groupings...

Working Paper pdf
Eva O. Arceo-Gómez, Raymundo M. Campos-Vázquez - UNU-WIDER, 2016 - Helsinki, Finland

The market environment in which discriminatory firms operate may be a relevant determinant of their extent of discrimination. In this paper we aim at analysing the effect of local labour market conditions on a firm’s decision to discriminate. We use a direct measure of discrimination using...

Displaying 16 of 5654 results.