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Publications (7398)

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– Evidence from a quasi-experiment in Ghana
Emmanuel Adu Boahen, Kwadwo Opoku, Simone Schotte - Journal of International Development, 2021

THIS ARTICLE IS ON EARLY VIEW. This study provides new evidence on the effect of shortening the duration of pre‐university education on long‐term labour market outcomes in Ghana, exploiting the education reform of 1987 as a natural experiment. Our results indicate that the drastic cut in...

Journal Article
– An empirical analysis
Krishna Chaitanya Vadlamannati, Arusha Cooray, Indra de Soysa - Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 2021

THIS ARTICLE IS ON EARLY VIEW. The COVID-19 pandemic has led to a spate of studies showing a close connection between inequitable access to health care, welfare services and adverse outcomes from the pandemic. Others have argued that democratic governments have generally failed relative to more...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– Does the political regime matter?
Shrabani Saha, Kunal Sen - Journal of Institutional Economics, 2021

THIS ARTICLE IS ON EARLY VIEW. Corruption is widely believed to have an adverse effect on the economic performance of a country. However, many East and Southeast Asian countries either achieved or currently are achieving impressively rapid economic growth despite widespread corruption...

Working Paper pdf
Hayelom Yrgaw Gereziher, Naser Yenus Nuru - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper estimates the output cost of fighting inflation—the sacrifice ratio—for the South African economy using quarterly data spanning the period 1998Q1–2019Q3. To compute the sacrifice ratio, the structural vector autoregressive model developed by Cecchetti and Rich (2001)...

Working Paper pdf
Maria Jouste, Tina Kaidu, Joseph Okello Ayo, Jukka Pirttilä, Pia Rattenhuber - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

We evaluate a major personal income tax reform in Uganda that came into effect in 2012–13. The reform increased the tax-free lower threshold, increased tax rates for higher incomes, and introduced an additional highest tax band. Using the universe of pay-as-you-earn administrative data...

Working Paper pdf
– A comparison across different selection models
Emmanuel Adu Boahen, Kwadwo Opoku - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

The wage of an individual is observed only when he/she is employed. However, getting employment requires two decisions. First, an individual has to decide to participate in the labour market, and second, an employer must decide to hire that individual. Since female labour market participation...

Working Paper pdf
Ralitza Dimova, Sandra Kristine Halvorsen, Milla Nyyssölä, Kunal Sen - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

What drives livelihood diversification among predominantly rural households in developing countries and how can welfare-enhancing patterns be established and sustained in the long run? A large literature has focused on whether income diversification is a means of survival or a means of...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from Labour Force Survey data of Bangladesh
Sayema Haque Bidisha, Tanveer Mahmood, Mahir A. Rahman - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

With structural changes in production coupled with technological progress, there have been shifts in modes of production and patterns of employment, with important consequences on task composition of occupations. This paper has utilized different rounds of Labour Force Survey data of...

Working Paper pdf
Etienne Romsom, Kathryn McPhail - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This second paper on hydrocarbon gas flaring and venting builds on our first, which evaluated the economic and social cost (SCAR) of wasted natural gas. These emissions must be reduced urgently for natural gas to meet its potential as an energy-transition fuel under the Paris Agreement on Climate...

Working Paper pdf
Etienne Romsom, Kathryn McPhail - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Atmospheric emissions urgently need to reduce for natural gas to fulfill its potential role in the energy transition to achieve the Paris Agreement on climate change. This paper establishes the magnitude and trends of flaring and venting in oil and gas operations, as well as their emissions...

Working Paper pdf
H. Xavier Jara, Lourdes Montesdeoca, Iva Tasseva - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper makes use of tax–benefit microsimulation techniques to quantify the distributional effects of COVID-19 in Ecuador and the role of tax–benefit policies in mitigating the immediate impact of the economic shocks. Our results show a dramatic increase in income poverty and...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from 12 low- and middle-income countries
Eva-Maria Egger, Aslihan Arslan, Emanuele Zucchini - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Gender gaps in labour force participation in developing countries persist despite income growth or structural change. We assess this persistence across economic geographies within countries, focusing on youth employment in off-farm wage jobs. We combine household survey data from 12 low- and...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from Catalonia
Laia Balcells, José Fernández-Albertos, Alexander Kuo - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Does secessionism lead to social polarization? Despite much research on independence movements, their relationship to polarization, a key mechanism theorized as increasing the chances of violent conflict, remains less understood. We argue that secessionist conflicts can polarize along both...

Technical Note pdf
– CIT-IRP5 panel v4.0
Michael Kilumelume, Hayley Reynolds, Amina Ebrahim - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

The identification of foreign firms and South African multinational enterprises (MNEs) in the CIT-IRP5 panel has proved to be a challenge for many researchers. The CIT-IRP5 panel contains variables indicating different thresholds that determine foreign ownership. The dataset also has variables...

Working Paper pdf
Venugopal Mothkoor, Nina Badgaiyan - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

We measure multidimensional poverty in India using National Sample Survey Organization data from 2014–15 to 2017–18. We use income, health, education, and standard of living to measure the multidimensional poverty index (MPI). The MPI headcount declined from 26.9 to 13.75 per cent...

UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Even though poverty and inequality have been of overriding concern in South Africa’s development policies and programmes since its democratization in 1994, measures of poverty, inequality, and related phenomena in the country do not show a clear improvement. In some important respects, they...

Displaying 16 of 7398 results.