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Publications (6675)

Working Paper pdf
– Country study—Tanzania
Mark Henstridge - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

There are large volumes of gas offshore Tanzania, which has raised hopes of a boom. But those hopes look set to be disappointed. A boom would depend on there being a sizeable flow of revenue to government from producing and exporting gas. This paper sets out the scale of the gas, and the...

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– Explaining the demise of a successful growth model and what to do about it
Joseph E. Stiglitz - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

Success in development over the past half-century was based on manufacturing-led export growth. Because the share of global employment in manufacturing will decline, manufacturing won’t play the same role in the coming decades. An increase in manufacturing employment won’t suffice...

Working Paper pdf
– Poverty, vulnerability, and mobility, 1987–2012
Hai‐Anh H. Dang, Peter Lanjouw - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

We analyse the Indian National Sample Survey data spanning the period 1987/88–2011/12 to uncover patterns of transition into and out of different classes of consumption distribution. At the aggregate level, income growth has accelerated, accompanied by accelerating poverty decline....

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– Development, transition, and policy
Shi Li, Terry Sicular, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

In this paper we describe the major trends in China’s income inequality over the past 40 years and explain them as the outcome of four interleaved stories. The first story is a standard development story characterized by structural change, market development, labour absorption, and the...

Working Paper pdf
Gemma Wright, Helen Barnes, Michael Noble, David McLennan, Faith Masekesa - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

In this paper we explore the income data in two surveys that underpin a South African tax-benefit microsimulation model. The simulated taxes and benefits using each dataset are compared with each other and with administrative data for a common time point. We explore discrepancies between the...

Working Paper pdf
Caesar Cheelo, Robert Liebenthal - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

The construction sector plays a critical role in delivering quality infrastructure, which in turn influences the use of natural resource revenues towards achieving structural change and industrial development. We use industrial organization and political economy lenses to describe and...

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– Evidence from an experimental study
Cuong Nguyen, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

Reducing gender inequality is a critically important development challenge, especially in countries with widespread and deep-rooted prejudices against women. In this study, we use a randomized control trial to examine whether facilitating Vietnamese men to reflect about gender equality can reduce...

Working Paper pdf
Andrew E. Clark, Conchita D'Ambrosio - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

We here use repeated cross-section data from the Afrobarometer, Asianbarometer Latinobarometer, and Eurobarometer to analyse the variables that are correlated with both current and future evaluations of standards of living. These are related not only to an individual’s own economic...

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– Learning from regular, high-quality panel data
Andy McKay, Saurabh Singhal, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

While many studies of welfare dynamics have been conducted using panel data sets with two or three waves, much richer insights can be obtained where more waves are available. This paper analyses this issue for the case of the Viet Nam Access to Resources Household Survey, a carefully collected...

Working Paper pdf
– A feasibility study for an extension of SOUTHMOD in Indonesia
Arip Muttaqien, Denisa Sologon, Cathal O'Donoghue - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

This study aims to expand the use of tax-benefit microsimulation tools in Indonesia. In particular, it reviews the feasibility of expanding SOUTHMOD, a tax-benefit microsimulation model being applied in developing countries that was developed based on the European Union tax-benefit...

Working Paper pdf
– New evidence from rural Viet Nam
Thang T. Vo - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

Using the Viet Nam Access to Resources Household Survey (VARHS) with a panel of households present from 2008 to 2016, the study investigates the impact of social capital on household vulnerability. The empirical results indicate that both commune shocks and household shocks are associated with...

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Robert Liebenthal, Caesar Cheelo - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper is about understanding the cycle of global copper price booms and busts over Zambia’s economic history. We explore how the mining industry has been managed, and wider economic management during boom periods. We find that successive Zambian governments did not use copper...

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H. Xavier Jara, Nicolás Oliva - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

Top income under-coverage in developing countries not only leads to downward biased inequality indicators but might also affect the ex-ante evaluation of progressive tax reforms. We propose a simple adjustment to top incomes for formal employees (e.g. employees affiliated with social security...

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– A quasi-experimental evaluation
Philip Verwimp, Sisi Zhang - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

We evaluate the impact on household income of Viet Nam’s national target programme to build a new countryside for the period from 2010 to 2015. The purpose of the programme is to modernize rural Viet Nam. Given the universal implementation of the programme, we use a quasi-experimental...

Working Paper pdf
– 1988–2013
Björn Gustafsson, Haiyuan Wan - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

We investigate the evolution of wage levels, wage inequality, and wage determinants among urban residents in China using China Household Income Project data from 1988, 1995, 2002, 2007, and 2013. Average wage grew impressively between each pair of years. Wage inequality had long been on the...

Working Paper pdf
Janina Hundenborn, Murray Leibbrandt, Ingrid Woolard - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

The first democratic elections in 1994 brought about the promise for equal opportunity and an overall improvement of living standards for the majority of the South African population. However, 20 years after the democratization of South Africa, levels of inequality remain stubbornly high. The...

Displaying 32 of 6675 results.