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Methodology

Publications (6785)

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– The Case of Social Benefits in Tanzania
Gemma Wright, Vincent Leyaro, Elineema Kisanga, Christine Byaruhanga - International Journal of Microsimulation , 2019

In this paper we explore the eligibility criteria for the social benefits that form part of the Productive Social Safety Net programme in Tanzania — the Basic Cash Transfer and Variable Cash Transfer. An account is given of how simplified variants of these criteria were applied within...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– Evidence from a Behavioral Microsimulation Model for Ghana
Robert Osei, Jukka Pirttilä, Pia Rattenhuber - International Journal of Microsimulation , 2019

A key challenge facing developing countries when they are gradually building up their social protection system is the presence of a large informal sector. Social safety nets should be expanded to reduce poverty, but financing social protection through higher taxes may reduce the number of formal-...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
H. Xavier Jara, Marcelo Varela - International Journal of Microsimulation , 2019

The aim of this paper is to explore the redistributive effects of taxes and benefits in Ecuador using two different approaches: direct use of reported taxes and benefits in survey data, and use of simulated taxes and benefits. We make use of representative household microdata from ENIGHUR 2011-...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– Simulating Universal Pensions in Ecuador, Ghana, Tanzania and South Africa
Maria Jouste, Pia Rattenhuber - International Journal of Microsimulation , 2019

We use four novel, cross-country comparable tax-benefit microsimulation models for Ecuador, Ghana, Tanzania and South Africa to analyse ex ante the expansion of a universal old-age pension in a static setting. Universal pensions would significantly reduce poverty and inequality in settings where...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
Kaisa Alavuotunki, Mika Haapanen, Jukka Pirttilä - Journal of International Development, 2019

This paper examines the impact of the introduction of the value-added tax on inequality and government revenues using newly released macro data. We present both conventional country fixed effect regressions and instrumental variable analyses, where VAT adoption is instrumented using the previous...

Working Paper pdf
Sithembiso Mtanga, Richard McCamel - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper provides an overview of the structure, key functions, and characteristics of the motorcycle parts and aftermarket industries in Southern Africa in order to identify challenges to and opportunities for growth in these industries. The research examines the end markets and utilization...

Working Paper pdf
Justin Visagie, Ivan Turok - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Services are the fastest growing portion of world trade and now account for nearly a quarter of global exports. This presents opportunities for emerging economies to adapt and enter new markets. Many countries in southern Africa have struggled to diversify from a heavy reliance on primary...

Working Paper pdf
Rob Davies, Laurence Harris, Konstantin Makrelov - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

We employ a micro-founded and stock-and-flow-consistent model to study the impact of a higher leverage ratio on the South African economy. The model provides a rich representation of institutional balance sheets. The relationship between bank capital, risk-taking behaviour, lending spreads,...

Working Paper pdf
– Rent-sharing and monopsony in South Africa
Ihsaan Bassier - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Using administrative tax records from South Africa for the period 2011–14, I find that firm wage premia explain 25 per cent of the total wage variance, 60 per cent of the gender wage gap, and 40 per cent of the gap between workers in the middle and the bottom of the income ...

Working Paper pdf
– Model-based simulation and case-study evidence
Chris Elbers, Peter Lanjouw - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

The North Indian village of Palanpur has been the subject of close study over a period of six decades from 1957/8 to 2015. Himanshu et al. (2018) have documented the evolution of the village economy over this period in an exhaustive study entitled How Lives Change: Palanpur, India and Development...

Working Paper pdf
– Firm-level evidence from administrative tax data
Keagile Lesame - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Monetary policy is believed to have a disproportionate effect on firms, depending on their size. Financially constrained firms with limited access to capital markets are expected to be more sensitive to changes in interest rates; this is characteristic of small firms. This paper empirically...

Working Paper pdf
– Policy relevant research possibilities using South African tax data
Amina Ebrahim, Kezia Lilenstein - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper has three primary objectives. First, it provides a broad overview of the available South African data used to examine gender in the labour market, with specific reference to the South African Revenue Services (SARS) tax data which has recently been made available. Second, the paper...

Working Paper pdf
– Looking back with data
Ciaran Driver - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper provides a retrospective assessment of the effects of trade policies on South African manufacturing since the transition to democracy, examining the differences and commonalities in the views of economists in favour of and against an acceleration of trade liberalization. Data from...

Working Paper pdf
Goodness C. Aye, Laurence Harris - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

This study investigates the effect of real exchange rate volatility on the distribution of income between labour and capital in South Africa. Both symmetric and asymmetric effects are considered. Using quarterly data for 1985:1–2018:3 and local linear projection, we find that the immediate...

John Rand, Paula Castro Rodriguez, Finn Tarp, Neda Trifković, CSO team - Central Statistical Organization, Ministry of Planning and Finance, UNU-WIDER, and University of Copenhagen, 2019

The purpose of this report is to give a nuanced picture of the SME business environment in Myanmar as a complement to the 2017 MSME quantitative survey conducted within the project ‘Towards Inclusive Development in Myanmar’. This project is a collaboration between the Central...

– What can help?
Roberto Ricciuti, Antonio Savoia, Kunal Sen - The Conversation, 2019

The ability to raise revenues from taxes – called “fiscal capacity” – is a crucial aspect for the functioning of any state. Being able to tax citizens, and collect revenues efficiently, is a cornerstone of state formation and survival. Secondly, greater fiscal capacity...

Displaying 48 of 6785 results.