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Publications (7543)

Journal Article
– Rapidly increasing top incomes amid low national growth in South Africa
Ihsaan Bassier, Ingrid Woolard - South African Journal of Economics , 2021

THIS ARTICLE IS ON EARLY VIEW. Despite South Africa’s need for inclusive economic growth, we find that the top income percentiles continue to diverge from the rest of the income distribution. We compare household survey data and tax data (which, unlike household survey data, includes...

– Concepts, methods, and determinants
Vegard Iversen, Anirudh Krishna, Kunal Sen - Oxford University Press, 2021

BOOK IN PRODUCTION | SCHEDULED FOR PUBLICATION OCTOBER 2021. Social mobility — defined as the ability to move from a lower to a higher level of education or occupational status, or from a lower to a higher social class or income group — is the hope of economic development...

Journal Article
– Empirical Evidence from Indian Manufacturing Firms
Karishma Banga - European Journal of Development Research, 2021

THIS ARTICLE IS ON EARLY VIEW. This article provides empirical evidence on the impact of digitalisation on product upgrading in global value chains (GVCs). Analysis is done for a sample of Indian manufacturing GVC firms in the period 2001–15 from the firm-level database Prowess, using...

Journal Special Issue This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– Vietnamese and Afghan migrants in Canada, Germany, the UK, and the US
Rachel M. Gisselquist - Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 2021

THIS COLLECTION OF ARTICLES IS ON EARLY VIEW. Migration is an inherent feature of human history. A rich literature considers the experiences of global migrants across diverse environments. This special issue explores such experiences with a focus on inequality between migrants and host...

Rachel M. Gisselquist, Miguel Niño-Zarazúa - The Conversation UK, 2021

Democracy is having a hard time. In India, once the world’s largest democracy, the pandemic has hastened the country’s slide toward authoritarianism. In the US, the Trump administration’s attacks on democratic norms reached new lows when the former president, backed by the...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– Evidence from the Han and ethnic minorities in China
Yao Pan, Yishen Liu - Economics of Education Review, 2021

This study investigates the unexpected impact that enforcing birth control policies in China has upon the educational stratification between the Han majority, the policy target group, and ethnic minorities, a partially excluded group. Exploring county-level variation in the value of fines...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– Does the political regime matter?
Shrabani Saha, Kunal Sen - Journal of Institutional Economics, 2021

Corruption is widely believed to have an adverse effect on the economic performance of a country. However, many East and Southeast Asian countries either achieved or currently are achieving impressively rapid economic growth despite widespread corruption – the so-called East Asian Paradox...

Working Paper pdf
Helen Barnes, Gabriel Espi-Sanchis, Murray Leibbrandt, David McLennan, Michael Noble, Jukka Pirttilä, Wynnona Steyn, Brenton van Vrede, Gemma Wright - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper explores the impact of the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in South Africa on income poverty and inequality in South Africa. Using a static tax–benefit microsimulation model with input datasets that were adjusted to reflect people’s earned incomes just before the...

Working Paper pdf
– Implications for the AfCFTA
Kudzai Mataba, Faizel Ismail - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

COVID-19 has created a trade crisis in Southern Africa, with a dramatic slowdown in cross-border trade. The crisis, which exposed weaknesses and deficiencies in the trade facilitation regimes, presents an opportunity for the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) to address and contribute...

Working Paper pdf
– Are there gender differences in Ghana?
Priscilla Twumasi Baffour, Festus Ebo Turkson, Ibrahim Mohammed, Wassiuw Abdul Rahaman - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Historically, the issue of intergenerational evolution of income, wealth, and socioeconomic status has been the subject of considerable research in the analysis of inequality. Such intergenerational linkages are anticipated to come from two sources: first, the inheritance of innate abilities and...

Working Paper pdf
Farzana Afridi, Amrita Dhillon, Sanchari Roy - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper studies the impact of the COVID-19 crisis on the gendered dimensions of employment and mental health among urban informal-sector workers in India. First, we find that men’s employment declined by 84 percentage points post-pandemic relative to pre-pandemic, while their monthly...

Working Paper pdf
– Does domestic value added matter?
Wannaphong Durongkaveroj - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Is the emphasis placed in trade and industry policy-making in developing countries on the share of domestic value-added (‘value-added ratio’) in exports consistent with the objective of achieving economic development through an export-oriented development strategy? This paper...

Working Paper pdf
– The political logic of service distribution in South Africa
John Porten, Inbok Rhee, Clark Gibson - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Millions of South Africans in thousands of demonstrations have protested the unequal allocation of public services. Despite the African National Congress’s promise to reduce the disparities generated by apartheid, the level of public services remains highly uneven across the country....

Working Paper pdf
Dirk van Seventer - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Myanmar’s economy has experienced political and economic transformations since 2011 by means of diverse economic reforms. However, the power sector is still struggling to fulfil electricity demand. This study will examine aspects of the electricity sector in an economy-wide perspective by...

– What needs to happen next time
Kunal Sen, Michael Danquah, Robert Darko Osei, Simone Schotte - The Conversation Africa, 2021

Coronavirus lockdowns brought the world to a standstill. Rules on hygiene and social distancing have reshaped daily life, schools and businesses had been closed, and gatherings banned. Almost 2.7 billion workers, representing around 81% the world’s workforce, have been affected by partial...

– It needs a rethink
H. Xavier Jara, Lourdes Montesdeoca, Iva Tasseva - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Household incomes in Ecuador were badly hit by the pandemic, despite the government’s emergency grant to families. H Xavier Jara Tamayo (University of Essex), Lourdes Montesdeoca (Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales, Ecuador) and Iva Tasseva (LSE) say the country needs to rethink...

Displaying 16 of 7543 results.