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Publications (2714)

Working Paper pdf
– A case study of the maize-milling machinery value chain in South Africa and Zambia
Gillian Chigumira - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

This working paper is the fourth in a series that forms part of the project ‘Southern Africa – Towards Inclusive Economic Development’, a three-year partnership between UNU-WIDER and the South African government aimed at generating a better understanding of regional value chains...

Working Paper pdf
Andy McKay, Jukka Pirttilä, Caroline Schimanski - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

A key policy problem in most developing countries is the size of the informal sector and its persistence over time. In need to increase their tax revenues, policy makers face a trade-off between decreasing tax rates (making formalizing potentially more attractive) and alternatively...

Working Paper pdf
Ravi Kanbur - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

The conventional justification for moving from income distribution to intergenerational mobility analysis is that the movie encompasses the snapshot and is normatively superior as the basis for assessing policy. Such a perspective underpins many an argument for shifting the focus from income...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from the Vietnam War
Khoa Vu, Maria C. Lo Bue - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Vietnam’s education system has recently attracted international attention for exceptional learning outcomes and success in improving schooling outcomes over a short period, despite being a lower-middle-income country. One potential explanation is the substantial increase in...

Working Paper pdf
– Why do some countries benefit and others lose?
Amèvi Rocard Kouwoaye - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper studies the relationship between trade tax and domestic tax reforms and poverty in developing countries, and explores whether the role of public goods provision matters in this relationship. Using a sample of 91 developing countries for the 1980–2016 period, I model the trade...

Working Paper pdf
– Do political institutions matter?
Shrabani Saha, Kunal Sen - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Corruption is widely believed to negatively affect economic growth. However, many East and Southeast Asia countries either achieved or currently are achieving impressively rapid economic growth despite widespread corruption — the ‘East Asian Paradox’. Is this negative...

Working Paper pdf
Patricia Funjika, Yoseph Getachew - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper estimates the relationship between differences in skills measured among within-country ethnic groups and individual human capital accumulation in eight African countries. Our results show that the skills of an individual in these countries depends more on the human...

Working Paper pdf
– Chinese import penetration and the performances of manufacturing firms in South Africa
Sofia Torreggiani, Antonio Andreoni - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Using firm-level tax administrative data from 2010 to 2017, we study the impact of Chinese import penetration on the performances of manufacturing firms in South Africa, and whether firms investing in capabilities development  are more resilient to such competitive pressure...

Working Paper pdf
Karishma Banga, Neil Balchin - UNU-WIDER, 2019

This study explores the potential for South Africa to become an engine for intra- regional trade and industrial development by linking other Southern African countries to its global value chains and, in the process, improving its global trade competitiveness. The study identifies ‘lead...

Working Paper pdf
– The political economy of non-tariff barriers to trade in Southern Africa
Tracy Ledger - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Increased intra-regional trade in southern Africa will have a positive impact on economic growth. However, this requires a shifting of loyalties from the national to the regional. Tension between the goals of long-term regional development and shorter-term national imperatives remains unresolved...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from a lab-in-the-field experiment in India
Prasenjit Banerjee, Vegard Iversen, Sandip Mitra, Antonio Nicolò, Kunal Sen - UNU-WIDER, 2019

In emerging economies, pro-social policy outcomes may be prevented by bureaucratic inefficiency, capture by elected or non-elected office holders, or by other hurdles. For local citizens, uncertainty about the true cause of such failures often prevails. We study the pro-sociality...

Working Paper pdf
Reena das Nair, Namhla Landani - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Supermarkets are strong catalysts to stimulate the growth and development of producers and suppliers of processed food and manufactured products in Southern Africa. This paper assesses the role of supermarkets and governments in developing supplier capabilities through supplier development...

Working Paper pdf
– What can be learnt from new administrative data?
Joshua Budlender - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

The South African economy is generally understood to be characterised by high levels of product market concentration and high firm markups. This paper reviews the existing literature and discusses what can be learnt from new administrative firm-level panel data. I present new ...

Working Paper pdf
Larissa Nawo, Désiré Avom, Kyle McNabb, Luc Nembot - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper argues that in weak states, leaders whose hold on power is secured by the public fortune have turned to the use of sovereign wealth funds (SWFs), especially unofficial SWFs, to cement their hold on power. Unofficial SWFs are private funds created from resource rents...

Working Paper pdf
Dirk van Seventer, Rob Davies - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Examining the economy-wide consequences of South Africa following a similar trajectory of labour market polarization to the rest of the world requires an appropriate database for an economy-wide policy analysis framework. This paper describes how a 2015 South Africa social accounting matrix (...

Working Paper pdf
– From deprivation weights to bundles
Sam Jones - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

In the widely used class of multidimensional poverty measures introduced by Alkire and Foster (2011), dimension-specific weights combined with a single cut-off parameter play a fundamental role in identifying who is multidimensionally poor. This paper revisits how these parameters are...

Displaying 16 of 2714 results.