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Publications (2691)

Working Paper pdf
Andrew Kerr, Martin Wittenberg - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Traditionally, analysts of the South African labour market have used household survey data to describe earnings and employment in the post-Apartheid period. More recently, administrative data from the South African Revenue Service has been made available, which allows for comparisons and an...

Working Paper pdf
– Manufacturing firms in South Africa
Carol Newman, John Rand, Mpho Tsebe - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Misallocation of labour and capital can greatly reduce aggregate productivity. In this study, we use tax administrative data to examine the extent of resource misallocation in the South African context. In addition, we zoom in on how different government incentives affect the allocation (or...

Working Paper pdf
– An agenda
Aroop Chatterjee - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Understanding wealth inequality has unique significance in South Africa. The co-existence of extreme poverty and extreme wealth is starkly visible. Apartheid-era inequality has persisted despite more than 20 years of democracy. Much of the research on inequality has focused on inequality of...

Working Paper pdf
Nicholas Apergis, Arusha Cooray - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

The goal of this paper is to examine the impact of human rights on income distribution and poverty by exploring how both aid and trade can influence poverty and income distribution through human rights. The analysis employs data for 125 countries and uses a number of panel data methods. The...

Working Paper pdf
– Empirical evidence from Indian manufacturing firms
Karishma Banga - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper examines whether digitalization can be a driver of ‘upgrading’ in global value chains and help developing countries move into higher value-added activities. In particular, the paper provides empirical evidence on the impact of digital capabilities on product upgrading in...

Working Paper pdf
– A review of levels and trends
Himanshu - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper contributes to the literature by reviewing levels, trends, and structure of inequality since the early 1990s in India. It draws extensively on the existing literature, supplemented with analyses of multiple data sources, to paint a picture. It notes where different data sources...

Working Paper pdf
Maria C. Lo Bue, Flaviana Palmisano - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

The canonical approach to analysing the poverty impact of growth is based on the comparison of poverty before and after growth. Measurement tools that endorse this approach fail to capture the different experiences of poverty dynamics in the population: there can be groups of the...

Working Paper pdf
– Perspectives on the social determinants of health in Mozambique
Alba Llop-Gironés, Sam Jones - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

The social determinants of health have not been studied extensively in low-income contexts, where most studies focus on access to medical care. We undertake a retrospective cross-sectional analysis of the social determinants of health in Mozambique for the 2002–14 period, covering 258,...

Working Paper pdf
Margaryta Klymak - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper examines whether foreign competition affects the reallocation of unpaid and family workers from household businesses to working outside of the family firm. Using a rich panel dataset of Vietnamese manufacturing enterprises that went through trade liberalization, I ...

Working Paper pdf
Sithembiso Mtanga, Richard McCamel - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper provides an overview of the structure, key functions, and characteristics of the motorcycle parts and aftermarket industries in Southern Africa in order to identify challenges to and opportunities for growth in these industries. The research examines the end markets and utilization...

Working Paper pdf
Justin Visagie, Ivan Turok - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Services are the fastest growing portion of world trade and now account for nearly a quarter of global exports. This presents opportunities for emerging economies to adapt and enter new markets. Many countries in southern Africa have struggled to diversify from a heavy reliance on primary...

Working Paper pdf
Alfred Moyo - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper investigates whether Southern African Development Community countries that are vulnerable to changes in oil prices could instead substitute oil and petroleum products with biofuels and gas from within the region. A pooled mean group estimator was used to determine the impact of oil...

Working Paper pdf
Rob Davies, Laurence Harris, Konstantin Makrelov - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

We employ a micro-founded and stock-and-flow-consistent model to study the impact of a higher leverage ratio on the South African economy. The model provides a rich representation of institutional balance sheets. The relationship between bank capital, risk-taking behaviour, lending spreads,...

Working Paper pdf
– Rent-sharing and monopsony in South Africa
Ihsaan Bassier - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Using administrative tax records from South Africa for the period 2011–14, I find that firm wage premia explain 25 per cent of the total wage variance, 60 per cent of the gender wage gap, and 40 per cent of the gap between workers in the middle and the bottom of the income ...

Working Paper pdf
– Model-based simulation and case-study evidence
Chris Elbers, Peter Lanjouw - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

The North Indian village of Palanpur has been the subject of close study over a period of six decades from 1957/8 to 2015. Himanshu et al. (2018) have documented the evolution of the village economy over this period in an exhaustive study entitled How Lives Change: Palanpur, India and Development...

Working Paper pdf
– Firm-level evidence from administrative tax data
Keagile Lesame - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Monetary policy is believed to have a disproportionate effect on firms, depending on their size. Financially constrained firms with limited access to capital markets are expected to be more sensitive to changes in interest rates; this is characteristic of small firms. This paper empirically...

Displaying 16 of 2691 results.